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Verwantschapsantropologie: Termen

  • Man:

  • Vrouw:

  • Ego:

  • Affinal: aanverwantschap

  • Agnaten:

  • Ambiolokaal: keuze van woonplaats?

  • Ancestor-focus: from the angle of the kin-groups composing the society

  • Aranda-system: p. 196

  • Avunculate: rights and duties a maternal uncle has towards his sister’s son and his power over him.

  • Avanculocal: where a boy has to return to his mother’s brother’s village (mother’s natal home) at puberty or marriage.

  • Bilateral: aanverwanten langs vrouwelijke en mannelijke lijn.

  • Classificatory: classified as, a opposed to ‘real’

  • Cognaten: bloedverwanten.

  • Cognatic descent groups: restricted (= restricted in membership in terms of residence.) or unrestricted (= all the descendants of the ancestor are members.) or pragmatically restricted (= restricted in terms of sex.) (p. 156)

  • Complementary filliation: in a society with established unilineal descent groups, an individual may have important relationships with relatives other than those in his own descent group, and in particular with the relatives of the parent other than the one through whom he gains his descent-group membership.

  • Complex marriage rule: lays down whom we shall not marry, but it does not make a formal rule about whom we must marry.

  • Connubium: a system of marital exchanges.

  • Corporate groups: groups that exist independently from the individuals composing them.

  • Cross-cousin: the children of siblings of opposite sex

  • Direct exchange: symmetrical

  • Double descent: it recognizes both principles of unilineal grouping, the existence of both kinds of descent groups. Matrilineal descent groups for some purposes and patrilineal for others.

  • Drift method of segmentation: p. 124

  • Dual affiliation: where an individual can be doubly affiliated.

  • Dual-moiety:

  • Ego-focus: from the angle of the individual and his kin.

  • Endogaam: verplichting om binnen de groep te trouwen

  • Equal and opposite system: p. 125

  • Exogaam:

  • General exchange: wife givers are not the same as wife takers circulating

  • Indirect exchange: assymetrical

  • Kariera-system: p. 184

  • Kin: bloedverwantschap

  • Kindred: relationship of its members to a common ego rather than a common ancestor (p. 164)

  • Leviraat: wanneer een weduwe hetrouwd met de broer van haar overleden echtgenoot.

  • Lineair series of lineages: do not remember the exact links or order of segmentation.

  • Matriarchal of system of mother-right: power and authority in hands of women.

  • Matrilateraal: aanverwanten in de vrouwelijke lijn.

  • Matrilateral cross-cousin marriage: MBD

  • Matrilineal: the group of kin descended in the female line from a common ancestress through known links

    • Keep all members together

    • Keep the females, disperse the males

    • Keep the males, disperse the females

    • Disperse all the members

  • Matrimoiety:

  • Merging segmentary series: one can go tracing relationships between lineages back until one reaches the founder.

  • Moieties: if a tribe as a whole is divided in two groups that exchange women, then the divisions are called such.

  • Natalocal: blijven wonen in het geboortehuis

  • Negative marriage rules: whom one may not marry.

  • Nuclear family: bestaande uit vader, moeder en kinderen.

  • Clan: verzameling van lineages die met elkaar verbonden zijn door een verre (mythische) voorvader.

  • Parallel-cousin: children of siblings of the same sex.

  • Parallel descent: there are matrilineal groups of females and patrilineal groups pf males.

  • Patrilateraal: aanverwanten in de mannelijke lijn.

  • Patrilateral kindred: all the people related to ego through males, until a certain degree.

  • Patrilateral cross-cousin marriage: FZD

  • Patrilineal: all the descendants through males of a common ancestor.

  • Patrilocal:

  • Patrimoiety:

  • Perpetual segmentation: each man his own lineage.

  • Polyandry: een vrouw die meerdere mannen tegelijkertijd heeft.

  • Polygyny: een man die meerdere vrouwen tegelijkertijd heeft (die geen zussen zijn).

  • Positive marriage rules: whom one is allowed to marry

  • Restricted exchange: wife givers are the same as wife takers  straight swaps

  • Segmentation: the process whereby sublineages are formed from lineages.

  • Sororaat: als een vrouw sterft moet haar lineage haar vervangen met een andere vrouw.

  • Sororal polygyny: a man marries several sisters.

  • Stock: all the descendants of a person or a married pair.

  • Spinal cord method of segmentation: p. 125.

  • Sub-moiety:

  • Virilocal:

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