Agreement on international roads in the arab mashreq united nations



Dovnload 240.22 Kb.
Pagina1/2
Datum24.07.2016
Grootte240.22 Kb.
  1   2


AGREEMENT ON INTERNATIONAL ROADS IN THE ARAB MASHREQ





UNITED NATIONS

2001
The Parties to the present Agreement, conscious of the importance of facilitating land transport on international roads in the Arab Mashreq and the need to increase cooperation and intraregional trade and tourism through the formulation of a well-studied plan for the construction and development of an international road network that satisfies both future traffic needs and environmental requirements, have agreed as follows:
Article 1

Adoption of the International Road Network
The Parties hereto adopt the international road network described in Annex I to this Agreement (the “Arab Mashreq International Road Network”), which includes roads that are of international importance in the Arab Mashreq and should therefore be accorded priority in the establishment of national plans for the construction, maintenance and development of the national road networks of the Parties hereto.
Article 2

Orientation of the routes of the International

Road Network
The Arab Mashreq International Road Network consists of the main routes having a north/south and east/west orientation and may include other roads to be added in the future, in conformity with the provisions of this Agreement.
Article 3

Technical specifications
Within a maximum period of fifteen (15) years, all roads described in Annex I shall be brought into conformity with the technical specifications described in Annex II to this Agreement. New roads built after the entry into force of this Agreement shall be designed in accordance the technical specifications defined in the said Annex II.
Article 4

Signs, signals and markings
Within a maximum period of seven (7) years, the signs, signals and markings used on all roads described in Annex I shall be brought into conformity with the standards defined in Annex III hereto. New signs, signals and markings produced after the entry into force of this Agreement shall be designed in accordance with the technical standards defined in the said Annex III.
Article 5

Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval

and accession
1. This Agreement shall be open to members of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) for signature at United Nations House in Beirut, from 10 May 2001 to 31 December 2002.
2. The members referred to in paragraph 1 in this article may become Parties to the present Agreement by:
(a) Signature not subject to ratification, acceptance or approval (i.e., definitive signature);
(b) Signature subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, followed by ratification, acceptance or approval; or
(c) Accession.
3. Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument with the depositary.
4. States other than ESCWA members may become Parties to the Agreement, subject to the approval of all the ESCWA members parties thereto, by depositing an instrument of accession with the depositary.
Article 6

Entry into force
1. The Agreement shall enter into force ninety (90) days after the date on which five (5) members of ESCWA have either signed it definitively or deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
2. For each member of ESCWA referred to in paragraph 1 of Article 5 signing the Agreement definitively or depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval thereof or accession thereto after the date on which five members of ESCWA have either signed it definitively or deposited such an instrument, the Agreement shall enter into force ninety (90) days after the date of that member’s definitive signature or deposit of the instrument of ratification, approval, acceptance or accession. For each State other than a member of ESCWA depositing an instrument of accession the Agreement shall enter into force ninety (90) days after the date of that State’s deposit of that instrument.
Article 7

Amendments
1. After the entry of the Agreement into force, any Party thereto may propose amendments to the Agreement, including its Annexes.
2. Proposed amendments to the Agreement shall be submitted to the Committee on Transport of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA).
3. Amendments to the Agreement shall be considered adopted if approved by a two-thirds majority of the Parties thereto, present at a meeting convened for that purpose. In the case of amendments to Annex I to the Agreement, such majority must include all Parties directly concerned by the proposed amendment.
4. The Committee on Transport of ESCWA shall inform the depositary, within a period of forty-five (45) days, of any amendment adopted pursuant to paragraph 3 of this article.
5. The depositary shall notify all Parties hereto of amendments thus adopted, which shall enter into force for all Parties three (3) months after the date of such notification unless objections from more than one-third of the Parties are received by the depositary within that period of three (3) months.
6. No amendments may be made to the Agreement during the period specified in Article 8 below if, upon the withdrawal of one party, the number of Parties to the Agreement becomes less than five (5).
Article 8

Withdrawal
Any Party may withdraw from this Agreement by written notification addressed to the depositary. Such withdrawal shall take effect twelve (12) months after the date of deposit of the notification unless revoked by the Party prior to the expiration of that period.
Article 9

Termination
This Agreement shall cease to be in force if the number of Parties thereto is less than five (5) during any period of twelve (12) consecutive months.
Article 10

Dispute settlement
1. Any dispute arising between two or more Parties to this Agreement which relates to its interpretation or application and which the Parties to the dispute have been unable to resolve by negotiation or other means of settlement shall be referred to arbitration if any Party so requests. In such a case the dispute shall be submitted to an arbitral tribunal to which each of the Parties shall appoint one member, and the members thus appointed shall agree on the appointment of a president of the arbitral tribunal from outside their number. If no agreement is reached concerning the appointment of the president of the arbitral tribunal within three (3) months from the request for arbitration, any Party may request the Secretary-General of the United Nations, or whomever he delegates, to appoint a president of the tribunal, to which the dispute shall be referred for decision.
2. The Parties to the dispute shall be bound by the decision to form the arbitral tribunal pursuant to paragraph 1 of this article and by any and all awards handed down by the tribunal. The Parties further undertake to defray the costs of arbitration.
Article 11

Limits of application of the Agreement
Nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as preventing a Party hereto from taking any action that it considers necessary to its external or internal security or its interests, provided that such action is not contrary to the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
Article 12

Depositary
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be the depositary of the Agreement.
Article 13

Annexes and list of technical terms
The three Annexes to the Agreement and the list of technical terms used therein are integral parts of the Agreement.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto, have signed this Agreement.



DONE at Beirut, this 10 May 2001, in the Arabic, English and French languages, all of which are equally authentic.

ARABIC, FRENCH, AND ENGLISH TECHNICAL TERMS USED

(Listed in the alphabetical order of the Arabic terms)


Traffic Signal

Feux de signalisation

إشارة مرور ضوئية

Priority over oncoming traffic

Priorité à la circulation qui arrive

أولوية على المرور القادم

Superelevation

Superélévation

الرفع الجانبي

Convergence of traffic stream

Convergence du flux de la circulation

اندماج حركات المرور

Horizontal alignment

Alignement horizontal

تخطيط أفقي

Vertical alignment

Alignement vertical

تخطيط رأسي

Divergence of traffic stream

Divergence du flux de la circulation

تفرع حركات المرور

Intersection

Intersection

تقاطع

Roundabout

Rond-point

تقاطع ذو جزيرة دائرية (دوار)

At-grade Intersection

Croisement au niveau du sol

تقاطع على مستوى واحد

Interchange

Echangeur

تقاطع متعدد المستويات

Median

Médiane

جزيرة وسطية

Bridge

Pont

جسر

Truss

Poteau

جمالون

Guardrail

Barrière de protection

حاجز الحماية

Traffic volume

Densité de la circulation

حجم المرور

Design Hourly Volume (DHV)

Densité de la Circulation par Conception Horaire (DCCH)

حجم المرور للساعة التصميمية

Right of Way

Droit de Passage

حرم الطريق

Band

Bande

حزمة

Mountainous terrain

Terrain montagneux

طبيعة الأرض جبلية

Rolling terrain

Terrain onduleux

طبيعة الأرض متموجة

Level terrain

Terrain plat

طبيعة الأرض مستوية

Critical length

Longueur critique

طول حرج

Pavement Marking

Signalisation de la chaussée

علامة سطح الطريق

Vertical (overhead) Clearance

Déblaiement vertical

فسحة رأسية

Shoulder (s)

Epaule (s)

كتف (أكتاف)

Code (s)

Code (s)

كود (أكواد)

Sign

Panneau

لافتة

“GIVE WAY” Sign

Panneau “cédez la priorité”

لافتة "تمهل" (إفساح الطريق)

“End of Prohibition or Restriction” Sign

Panneau “Fin de l’interdiction ou la restriction”

لافتة "نهاية القيد والحظر"

Mandatory Sign

Panneau obligatoire

لافتة إجبارية

Informative Sign

Panneau instructif

لافتة إرشادية

Direction Sign

Panneau de direction

لافتة الاتجاه

Warning Sign

Panneau avertisseur

لافتة تحذيرية

Regulatory Sign

Panneau régulateur

لافتة تنظيمية

Road Number Sign

Panneau de numéro de la route

لافتة رقم الطريق

Advance Direction Sign

Panneau de direction avancé

لافتة متقدمة للاتجاه

Average Daily Traffic (ADT)

Moyenne de la Densité de la Circulation (MDC)

متوسط حجم المرور اليومي

Passing distance

Distance de dépassement

مسافة التخطي

Stopping distance

Distance d’arrêt

مسافة التوقف

Sight distance

Distance de vision

مسافة الرؤية

Level of service

Niveau de service

مستوى الخدمة

Lane

Voie

مسرب (حارة)

Acceleration and deceleration lane

Voie d’accélération et de ralentissement

مسرب التسارع والتباطؤ

Slip road

Voie de déviation

مسرب التفرع

Left Turn Lane

Voie de deviation à gauche

مسرب الدوران لليسار

Speed Change Lane

Voie de changement de vitesse

مسرب تغيير السرعة

Climbing lane

Voie d’ascension

مسرب صعود

Rate of curvature

Courbe moyenne

معدل تغير الانحناء

Weaving Section

Section d’entrelacement

مقطع التناسج

Cross section

Section transversale

مقطع عرضي

Transition Curve

Virage de transition

منحنى انتقالي

Vertical grade

Pente verticale

ميل طولي (رأسي)

Cross slope

Pentes transversales

ميل عرضي

Traffic Control Device

Dispositifs de contrôle de la circulation

وسيلة التحكم المروري

For the definitions of these terms and those contained in the body of the agreement and its annexes one may refer to those annexes and the road specification codes and manuals of the countries of the region, such as the Egyptian, Jordanian and Saudi Arabian codes, and also the American code as described in the publication of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO).


ANNEXES TO THE AGREEMENT
A. Annex I: Arab Mashreq international road network
1. North-south routes
(a) M5 Iraq, East Arabian Peninsula
Zakho (Iraq/Turkey) – Mosul – Baghdad – Al Samawah – Basrah – Safwan (Iraq/Kuwait) – Abdally (Kuwait/Iraq) – Kuwait – Nuwayseeb (Kuwait/Saudi Arabia) – Khafji (Saudi Arabia/Kuwait) – Abu Hadriyah (Dammam – Hufuf – Salwa)* – Batha’a (Saudi Arabia/United Arab Emirates) – Al Ghweifat (United Arab Emirates/ Saudi Arabia) – Abu Dhabi – Dubai – Fujairah – Kalba (United Arab Emirates/Oman) – Khatmat Malahaw (Oman/ United Arab Emirates) – Sohar – Muscat – Nizwa – Thumrayt – Salalah.
(b) M7 Abu Dhabi-Sohar

Abu Dhabi – Al Ayn – Buraimi (United Arab Emirates/Oman) – Buraimi (Oman/ United Arab Emirates) – Sohar.


(c) M9 Al Ayn-Nizwa

Al Ayn – Mazyad (United Arab Emirates/Oman) – Hafit (Oman/ United Arab Emirates) – Nizwa.


(d) M15 Aleppo-Ramadi

Aleppo – Deir Ez Zor – Albu Kamal (Syria/Iraq) – Al kaem – (Iraq/Syria) – Ramadi.


(e) M25 Petroleum Pipeline

Hadithat – Ar’ar – Hafar El Batin – Abu Hadriyah.


(f) M35 Middle Arabian peninsula

Amman – Al Azraq – Omari (Jordan/Saudi Arabia) – Hadithat (Saudi Arabia/Jordan) – Sakakah – Ha’il – Buraydah – Riyadh – Al Kharj.


(g) M45 Syria-Jordan-Saudi Arabia-Yemen

Bab Al Hawa (Syria/Turkey) – Aleppo – Homs – Damascus – Nasib (Syria/Jordan) – Jaber (Jordan/Syria) – Amman – Ma’an – Al Mudawara (Jordan/Saudi Arabia) – Halat Ammar (Saudi Arabia/Jordan) – Tabuk – Qalibah – Medina – Mecca – Abha – Elb (Saudi Arabia/Yemen) – Baqim (Yemen/Saudi Arabia) – Sana’a – Ta’izz.

(h) M47 Ma’an-Aqaba

Ma’an – Aqaba.


(i) M51 Eastern Mediterranean Coast

Kassab – Lattakia – Tartous – Dabboussieh (Syria/Lebanon) – Abboudieh (Lebanon/Syria) – Tripoli – Beirut – Naqoura.


(j) M55 Sinai – East Red Sea

Arish – Nakhel – Nuweiba – Aqaba – Ad Durra (Jordan/Saudi Arabia) – Ad Durra (Saudi Arabia/Jordan) – Dhuba – Yanbu – Rabigh – Jeddah – Darb – Al Tuwal (Saudi Arabia/Yemen) – Harad (Yemen/Saudi Arabia) – Hodeidah – Al Mukha.


(k) M65 Red Sea-West Coast

Ismailia – Suez – Safaga – Halayeb (Egypt/Sudan).


(l) M67 East Delta
Kantara Bridge – Ismailia – Cairo.
(m) M75 Nile Valley
Alexandria – Cairo – Qena – Arqine (Egypt/Sudan).
2. East-west routes
(a) M10 Northern Iraq-East Mediterranean
Hajj Omran (Iraq/Iran) – Irbil – Mosul – Rabieyyah (Iraq/Syria) – Yaaroubia (Syria/Iraq) – Kamishli – Aleppo – Lattakia.
(b) M20 Central Syria
Kamishli – Hasakah – Deir Ez Zor – Homs – Tartus.
(c) M30 Western Iraq-Eastern Mediterranean
Al Rutbah – Al Walid (Iraq/Syria) – Tanf (Syria/Iraq) – Damascus – Jedeidet Yabus (Syria/Lebanon) – Masna’ (Lebanon/Syria) – Beirut.
(d) M40 Iraq, Jordan, Occupied Palestinian Territory and Mediterranean Southern Coast
Munthareya (Iraq/Iran) – Khanaqin – Baghdad – Ramadi – Al Rutbah – Tarabil (Iraq/Jordan) – Karamah (Jordan/Iraq) – Al Azraq – Amman – King Hussein Bridge (Jordan/Occupied Palestinian Territory) – Jerusalem – Gaza – Rafah (Egypt/Occupied Palestinian Territory) – Arish – Kantara Bridge – Port Said – Alexandria – Salum (Egypt/Libya).
(e) M50 Baghdad-Cairo
Baghdad – Karbala – Al Nukhaib – Jedeidat Ar’ar (Iraq/Saudi Arabia) – Jedeidat Ar’ar (Saudi Arabia/Iraq) – Ar’ar – Sakakah – Qalibah – Tabuk – Ad Durra (Saudi Arabia/Jordan) – Ad Durra (Jordan/Saudi Arabia) – Aqaba – Nuweiba – Nakhel – Shatt – Cairo.
(f) M60 Western Saudi Arabia-Upper Egypt
Dhuba – Safaga – Qena – Mutt.
(g) M70 Kuwait-Yanbu*
Kuwait – As Salmy (Kuwait/Saudi Arabia) – Ar Ruqi (Saudi Arabia/Kuwait) – Hafar El Batin – Artawiyah – Buraydah – Medina – Yanbu.
(h) M80 Manama-Jeddah
Manama – King Fahd Bridge (Bahrain /Saudi Arabia) – Dammam – Riyadh – Mecca – Jeddah.
(i) M90 Doha-Ad Darb
Doha – Abu Samra (Qatar/Saudi Arabia) – Salwah (Saudi Arabia/Qatar) – Batha’a (Saudi Arabia/United Arab Emirates) – Harad – Al Kharj – Sulayyil – Abha – Ad Darb.
(j) M100 Southern Arabian Peninsula
Thumrayt – Mazyounah (Oman/Yemen) – Shahan (Yemen/Oman) – Gheizah – Al Mukalla – Aden – Ta’izz – Al Mukha.
B. Annex II: technical specifications to be met on routes in the
Arab Mashreq international road network
Table 1 gives the technical specifications to be met on routes in the Arab Mashreq road network.
The following is a detained description of those specifications.

1. General remarks

To ensure traffic safety, the protection of the environment, the smooth flow of traffic and user comfort, all parts of the routes mentioned in annex I and roads to be added to the international network must satisfy the conditions laid down hereinafter.
All members undertake to use their best efforts to comply with the provisions of this annex both in building new roads and in upgrading existing roads.
2. Classification of international roads

Roads in the Arab Mashreq International Road Network shall be classified as follows:


(a) First-class freeways: roads basically for use by motor vehicles of various types and on which use by bicycles and pedestrians is prohibited. These are dual-carriageway highways divided by a median, on which access is fully controlled by having all their intersections on different levels (interchanges) and having vehicles enter and exit via ramps at a limited number of points, in a manner that does not affect the flow of traffic.
(b) First-class expressways: dual-carriageway highways which are divided by a median and on which access is partially controlled by means of high-efficiency at-grade intersections, while interchanges may be used at certain points, taking into account considerations of safety and accident prevention. Access should be confined to a limited number of exit and entry points, and special lanes should be provided for changing speed and turning at intersections. On such roads, the direct entry and exit of vehicles to and from adjacent roads and establishments is prohibited.
(c) Second-class roads: roads designed to be medium-sized in keeping with the intended volume of traffic on them, affording an appropriate travelling speed. They consist of two lanes, one for each direction, not separated by a median strip. Intersections on such roads are at-grade. Interchanges, however, may be used when necessary. Roads of this type may be used only where there exist land availability constraints or financing is inadequate. Priority should be accorded to upgrading this type.

Table 1. Technical specifications to be met on the routes of the Arab Mashreq international road network



No.

Specification

Draft agreement (December 2000)

Remarks

1

Road classification

First-class freeways

First-class expressways

Second-class roads

- These are the actual specifications of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). However, the names of the classes have been changed. In addition, no fourth class has been included as in the case of the Asian network, inasmuch as that class has modest characteristics that make it unsuitable for qualification as an international road.

- The reason for adding the “freeway” class to those proposed in the study by the Council of Arab Ministers of Transport is to increase the efficiency of the international system, inasmuch as that class has excellent speed and safety characteristics and will help reduce traffic congestion and transport costs while improving highway safety.



2

Description

Dual-divided

Dual-divided

Single-carriageway

3

Degree of access control


Total (grade-separated intersections)

Partial/total

(at-grade/grade-separated intersections)



Partial (at-grade/garde-separated intersections)

4

Design speed (km/hour)

L Level terrain

110-120

100-110

Agrees with most studies and agreements and with AASHTO policy, subject to the following remark:

- The adoption of a speed of 110-120 km/hour for first-class freeways offers flexibility and is at the same time more in keeping with the unified standards of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).









R Rolling terrain

100

80-100







M Mountainous terrain

80-100

60-100

5

Design level of service


L

R

M



B

B

C



The standards established by AASHTO have been adopted owing to the importance of this factor, which must not be ignored in the determination of the number of lanes and the design of intersections.

6

Cross sections between junctions

Right of way (metres)

50

40

25-40

Agrees with existing specifications and agreements. Despite the fact that the appropriate right of way for a single road is 25 metres, a 40-metre right of way is preferred to permit widening to a dual-carriageway highway in the future, provided that the requisite area is available.







Minimum number of lanes in both directions

4

4

2










Lane width (metres)

3.75(3.60)

3.75(3.30)

3.75(3.60)

Agrees with AASHTO specifications.







Shoulder width (metres)

3.60(2.50)


2.40(1.20)

2.40(1.20)













Median shoulder 1.20

Median shoulder 1.20 on divided roads










Description of shoulders

Continuous paved shoulders, the paved portion of which should be no less than 1.20 metre or, in extreme cases, no less than 0.60 metre

AASHTO specifications


Minimum median width (metres)

1.20-1.80

1.20-1.80 if there is no at-grade intersection and 3.60 if there is an at-grade intersection

None

AASHTO specifications


Cross slopes on roadway (%)

1.50-2.00 (2.50 in areas exposed to heavy rains)

AASHTO specifications


Cross slopes on shoulders (%)

2-6 (paved shoulders)

4-6 (stabilized crushed stone or gravel shoulders)



AASHTO specifications


Table 1 (continued)

No.

Specification

Draft agreement (December 2000)

Remarks

7

Type of pavement

Not specified

AASHTO specifications

8

Horizontal alignment

Maximum rate of superelevation (%)

12

8 (roads exposed to snowfalls)

6-8 (freeways built on bridges)


AASHTO specifications


Minimum radius on horizontal curves (metres)

Rate of superelevation/speed

6%

8%



60

135


125

80

250


350

100

435


395

120

755


665

AASHTO specifications

Minimum transition curve length (metres)

Rate of superelevation/speed

6%

8%



60

80

100

110

AASHTO specifications

40

50

60

70

50

60

65

75

9

Vertical alignment

Maximum grade (%)

Speed (km/hour)

Level terrain

Rolling terrain

Mountainous terrain



60

5

6



8

80

4

5



7

100

3

4



6

120

3

4



5

AASHTO specifications

Mean vertical curvature

K (length (m) per % of grade difference)



Speed

Crest


Sag

60

14-18


15-18

80

32-49


25-32

100

62-105


37-51

120

102-202


50-73

AASHTO specifications

Critical length of grade (after which a climbing lane is added) (metres)

Vertical grade

Length


3%

400


4%

280


5%

210


6%

170


7%

150


8%

135


AASHTO specifications

10

Minimum sight distance (metres)

Speed (km/hour)

60

80

100

120

AASHTO specifications

Stopping distance (metres)

74-85

113-139

157-205

203-286

Passing distance (metres)

407

541

670

792

11

Minimum vertical clearance (metres)

4.90

AASHTO specifications




For pedestrian bridges and signboard trusses: 5.10 m

12

Tunnel and bridge cross sections

- On small structures the road and shoulders will continue to have the same width.

AASHTO specifications

- On long bridges (> 60 m) a distance of at least 1.20 m should be maintained between the guardrail and the curb.

- On old existing structures, the safety distance may be reduced to 0.60 m, provided that priority is accorded to those structures for improvement or replacement and that the traffic signals and signs necessary for safety are provided.

Table 1 (continued)

No.

Specification

Draft agreement (December 2000)

Remarks

13

Intersections


- Smallest possible number of points of intersection (minimum of 3 km between them).

- It is preferable for roads crossing the international road to cross above it, leaving the international road at the ground level

- Maintaining the basic number of lanes constant over suitably long distances.

- Vertical grades should not exceed 8%.

- The length of grades should not exceed the critical length for which the speed drops by 15 km/hour

















14

Road facilities and installations

- The distance from the edge of the roadway to safety barriers, fences and posts should be 3.00 m (1.20)




- Fuel stations every 50 km

- Service station with vehicle repair workshop and rest area at least every 200 km

15

Axle load as a basis for the structural design of the road (Tons)

Not specified

AASHTO specifications


16

Axle load as a basis for defining maximum vehicle load (Tons)

Single front (steering axle): 6.5 Tons

- The vast majority of the ESCWA members have adopted a single rear axle load of 13 Tons which represents, about 82% of the members within ITSAM. It is recommended to use a single axle load of 13 tons in order to reduce transport costs in the region.

- The dual axle load, as referred to in the unified standards of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, has been chosen as the standard.






Single rear: 13 Tons







Dual rear:







Distance between axles

Load (Tons)







0.90

14.7







1.00

16.1







1.10

17.5







1.20

18.9







1.30

20.3







1.35-2.50

21.0







Greater than 2.50

Considered as two singles

17

Maximum vehicle dimensions (metres)


Width

Not specified

In accordance with the European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries and the Asian Highway uniform specifications.

Length

Not specified

Height

Not specified


  1   2


De database wordt beschermd door het auteursrecht ©opleid.info 2017
stuur bericht

    Hoofdpagina