De vervoeging van werkwoorden in de onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd



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Simple Present Tense.

DE VERVOEGING VAN WERKWOORDEN IN DE ONVOLTOOID TEGENWOORDIGE TIJD.
Eerst in het Nederlands.





Wandelen

Lezen

Wonen/leven

ik

Wandel

Lees

Woon

jij/u/je

Wandelt

Leest

Woont

hij

Wandelt

Leest

Woont

zij/ze

Wandelt

Leest

Woont

het

Wandelt

Leest

Woont

wij/we

Wandelen

Lezen

Wonen

jullie

Wandelen

Lezen

Wonen

ze/zij

Wandelen

Lezen

Wonen


DIT NOEMEN WE DE VERVOEGING VAN WERKWOORDEN IN DE TEGENWOORDIGE TIJD.

NU IN HET ENGELS !!!!


DE VORM







TO WALK

TO READ

TO LIVE

I

WALK

READ

LIVE

YOU

WALK

READ

LIVE

HE

WALKS

READS

LIVES

SHE

WALKS

READS

LIVES

IT

WALKS

READS

LIVES

WE

WALK

READ

LIVE

YOU

WALK

READ

LIVE

THEY

WALK

READ

LIVE



DE ENGELSE TERM HIERVOOR IS:
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE.
OF
PRESENT SIMPLE.

REGEL:

BIJ “HE, SHE EN IT” EN BIJ WOORDEN WAARVOOR JE “HE, SHE EN IT” KUNT DENKEN ZET JE ACHTER HET WERKWOORD EEN – S -.

VOORBEELDEN:


  • JOHN (he) READS THE NEWSPAPER EVERY DAY.

  • PETER (he) GIVES MUCH INFORMATION.

  • I GO TO SCHOOL EVERY DAY.

  • WE READ COMICS AT SCHOOL.

  • MY WIFE (she) SMOKES CIGARS.

  • HIS SISTERS LOVE SMOKING

  • TARZAN (he) LOVES JANE.

LET OP DE VOLGENDE AFWIJKENDE SITUATIES !!!!!


DE VOLGENDE TWEE WERKWOORDEN KRIJGEN BIJ “HE, SHE OF IT” DE UITGANG “ES” .(DUS OOK ALS JE “HE, SHE OF IT” KUNT DENKEN)



TO GO

TO DO

I GO

I DO

YOU GO

YOU DO

HE GOES / z /

HE DOES / z /

SHE GOES / z /

SHE DOES / z /

IT GOES / z /

IT DOES / z /

WE GO

WE DO

YOU GO

YOU DO

THEY GO

THEY DO


DE VOLGENDE WERKWOORDEN EINDIGEN OP EEN SIS-KLANK. ALS EEN WERKWOORD OP EEN SIS-KLANK EINDIGT, DAN KOMT ER BIJ “HE, SHE, IT” “ES” ACHTER HET WERKWOORD. (DUS OOK ALS JE “HE, SHE, IT” KUNT DENKEN.)



TO KISS

TO BOX

TO WATCH

I KISS

I BOX

I WATCH

YOU KISS

YOU BOX

YOU WATCH

HE KISSES /IZ/

HE BOXES /IZ/

HE WATCHES /IZ/

SHE KISSES /IZ/

SHE BOXES/IZ/

SHE WATCHES /IZ/

IT KISSES /IZ/

IT BOXES/IZ/

IT WATCHES /IZ/

WE KISS

WE BOX

WE WATCH

YOU KISS

YOU BOX

YOU WATCH

THEY KISS

THEY BOX

THEY WATCH



DE VOLGENDE WERKWOORDEN EINDIGEN OP ‘MEDEKLINKER + Y’. ALS EEN WERKWOORD EINDIGT OP ‘MEDEKLINKER + Y’, DAN KOMT ER BIJ ‘HE, SHE, IT’ ACHTER HET WERKWOORD: - IES




TO STUDY

TO CRY

TO HURRY

I STUDY

I CRY

I HURRY

YOU STUDY

YOU CRY

YOU HURRY

HE STUDIES

HE CRIES

HE HURRIES

SHE STUDIES

SHE CRIES

SHE HURRIES

IT STUDIES

IT CRIES

IT HURRIES

WE STUDY

WE CRY

WE HURRY

YOU STUDY

YOU CRY

YOU HURRY

THEY STUDY

THEY CRY

THEY HURRY


ALS DE WERKWOORDEN EINDIGEN OP ‘KLINKER + Y’ KRIJGEN DE VORMEN BIJ ‘HE,SHE,IT’ GEEN – IES, MAAR GEWOON EEN – S -. (NET ALS BIJ DE HOOFDREGEL)




TO STAY

TO BUY

TO OBEY

I STAY

I BUY

I OBEY

YOU STAY

YOU BUY

YOU OBEY

HE STAYS

HE BUY

HE OBEYS

SHE STAYS

SHE BUYS

SHE OBEYS

IT STAYS

IT BUYS

IT OBEYS

WE STAY

WE BUY

WE OBEY

YOU STAY

YOU BUY

YOU OBEY

THEY STAY

THEY BUY

THEY OBEY/


HET GEBRUIK VAN DE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE.

1. DE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE MOET JE IN HET ENGELS GEBRUIKEN ALS ER IN DE ZIN SPRAKE IS VAN EEN HANDELING DIE ALTIJD, NOOIT OF VAAK VOORKOMT OF ALS JE IN DE ZIN EEN FEIT WEERGEEFT.
BIJ EEN HERHALING IN DE ENGELSE ZIN VIND JE DAN VAAK WOORDEN ALS:



  • ALWAYS (ALTIJD)

  • NEVER (NOOIT)

  • OFTEN (VAAK)

  • FREQUENTLY (REGELMATIG)

  • OCCASIONALLY (ZO NU EN DAN)

  • USUALLY (GEWOONLIJK)

  • SELDOM (ZELDEN)

  • RARELY (ZELDEN)


DEZE WOORDEN KOMEN DAN VÓÓR HET WERKWOORD TE STAAN.
MAAR JE KUNT OOK WOORDEN TEGENKOMEN ALS:


  • EVERY WEEK

  • EVERY DAY

  • EVERY WEEK

  • EVERY YEAR


VOORBEELDEN:


  • I ALWAYS GO TO SCHOOL AT EIGHT.

(herhaling)

  • MY WIFE NEVER GOES TO CHURCH.

(feit)

  • WE OFTEN STAY AT HOME.

(herhaling)

  • MARY KISSES HER HUSBAND EVERY DAY. (herhaling)

  • WE GO TO ITALY EVERY YEAR.

(herhaling)

  • THE SUN RISES IN THE EAST AND SETS IN

THE WEST (feit)

  • SHE LIVES IN OSS. (feit)



EXERCISES STENCIL 1: SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

EXERCISE ONE.

1) We our dog. (to call)

2) Emma in the lessons. (to dream)

3) They at birds. (to look)

4) John home from school. (to come)

5) I my friends. (to meet)

6) He the laptop. (to repair)

7) Walter and Frank hello. (to say)

8) The cat under the tree. (to sit)

9) You water. (to drink)

10) She the lunchbox. (to forget)




11) I a good mark. (to get)

12) We the table. (to lay)

13) Tim and Pat text messages. (to send)

14) He a new MP3 player. (to buy)

15) The dog out of the house. (to run)

16) You your glasses. (to need)






EXERCISE TWO.

  1. She ___ (speak)four languages.



  2. When the kettle ___(boil), will you make some tea?



  3. I always ___ (close) the window at night because it is cold.



  4. Those shoes ___ (cost) too much.



  5. The food in Japan is expensive. It ___ (cost) a lot to live there.



  6. His job is great because he ___ (meet) a lot of people.



  7. My watch is broken and it ___ (need) to be fixed again.



  8. I ___ (love) to watch movies.



  9. I ___ (go) to the cinema at least once a week.



  10. They never ___ (drink) tea in the morning.



  11. We both ___ (listen) to the radio in the morning.



  12. He ___(want) a big wedding.



  13. George ___ (eat) too much so he's getting fat.



  14. The shops in England ___( open) at 9:00 in the morning.



  15. The post office ___ (close) at 5:30 pm.



  16. Mr. Smith ___(smoke) too much. He always has a cigarette in his mouth.



  17. When the phone ___ (ring) , please answer it.

EXERCISE THREE.


1

I ________ in Godella.(to live)

2

Daisy________  chocolate.(to love)

3

Andy ________ too fast.(to drive)

4

We ________ lunch at two.(to have)

5

You ________ great.(to look)


EXERCISE FOUR.
1. They about stickers. (talk)
2. Mary stamps. (collect)
3. Tom and Sue two T-shirts. (buy)
4. We behind a tree. (hide)
5. The children in the garden. (play)
6. She my pencil. (borrow)
7. My mother shopping. (go)
8. He my name. (call)
9. They down. (sit)
10. Ken and Sam stamps. (collect)
11. Carol good bye. (say)
12. She Tom. (help)
13. He in a big house. (live)
14. The students up. (stand)
15. Bill got nine posters. (have)


EXERCISE FIVE.

1. They often …… (dance) in the club on weekends.



2. We always……..(go) to the country in the spring.

3. My friend ………(live) in London.

4. My father …………(drive) to the village once a week.

5. I ……….(buy) newspaper at the corner.

6. The boy …….. (kiss) his mother every morning.

7. We never …….. (wash) ourselves after dinner.

8. She always……..(wait) for me in front of school.

9. Karen and I ………. (do) our homework together.

10. She always …….. (miss) the school bus.

11. She …….. (brush) her hair before going to sleep..
EXERCISE SIX.
1. They …out stickers. (talk)
2. Mary …amps. (collect)
3. Tom and Sue … two shirts. (buy)
4. We … behind a tree. (hide)
5. The children … in the garden. (play)
6. She … my pencil. (borrow)
7. My mother … shopping. (go)
8. He … my name. (call)
9. They … down. (sit)
10. Ken and Sam … stamps. (collect)
11. Carol … good bye. (say)
12. She ..... Tom. (help)
13. He … in a big house. (live)
14. The students … up. (stand)


EXERCISE SEVEN.

1. They often (dance) in the club In weekends.



2. We always (go) to the country in the spring.

3. My friend (live) in London.

4. My father (drive) to the village once a week.

5. I (buy) newspaper at the corner.

6. The boy (kiss) his mother every morning.

7. We never (wash) ourselves after dinner.

8. She always (wait) for me in front of school.

9. Karen and I (do) our homework together.

10. She always (miss) the school bus.

11. She (brush) her hair before going to sleep..

EXERCISE EIGHT.
Mary and I (work) in the same office, but we're completely different. She (like) coffee, but I (like) tea. She (wash) her car every weekend, but I never (clean) mine. She (smile) all the time at work, but I (feel) miserable. I (complain) about the boss all the time, but Mary (think) the boss is a nice person. When I (finish) work, I like to drink beer with my friends, but Mary (study) at night school. The boss (think) Mary is perfect, but she (drive)








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