MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO THE PROTOCOL ON WATER AND HEALTH
TO THE CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION AND USE OF TRANSBOUNDARY WATERCOURSES AND INTERNATIONAL LAKES
Workshop on water and adaptation to climate change
Amsterdam (the Netherlands), 1–2 July 2008
DRAFT GUIDANCE ON WATER AND CLIMATE ADAPTATION
This document has been prepared for the Workshop on Water and Climate Adaptation (Amsterdam, 1–2 July 2008).
It is an intermediary version of the draft guidance on water and climate adaptation being prepared under the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes and its Protocol on Water and Health for possible adoption by the Meetings of the Parties to both instruments in 2009/2010.
The document has been jointly prepared by the Convention’s Task Force on Water and Climate and the Protocol’s Task Force on Extreme Weather Events.
The current draft is still incomplete. In particular, the final Guidance should include:
Examples in the Guidance text to make it more concrete;
Case studies to be included in the annexes;
Additional recommendations related to water supply and sanitation in extreme events (these policy recommendations should be read together with the technical and operational guidelines on water supply and sanitation in extreme weather events to be developed by the Protocol’s Task Force on Extreme Weather Events);
Financial aspects, in particular approaches to costing.
The final text will also aim at being of recommendatory nature; hence some editing will done to achieve the right tone and formulation of the text.
One of the main objectives of the Workshop on Water and Climate Adaptation is to comment and review the draft guidance and to collect good practices to illustrate its principles. Workshop participants are therefore invited to provide their comments to the existing text as well as suggestions for how its content and main message should be further developed.
Acknowledgements The UNECE and WHO-Europe secretariats gratefully acknowledge the funding by the Governments of Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, as well as the contribution of members of the Convention’s Task Force on Water and Climate and the Protocol’s Task Force on Extreme Weather Events and the work of the drafting group which prepared the draft guidance.
The drafting group was composed of Mr. Edgar Pirumyan (Armenia), Mr. Mikhail Kalinin (Belarus), Ms. Tanja Dubrovin (Finland) Ms. Meike Gierk (Germany), Ms. Zsuzsanna Buzas and Ms. Zsuzsanna Engi (Hungary), Ms. Luciana Sinisi and Ms. Benedetta Dell’Anno (Italy), Mr. Henk Van Schaik and Ms. Marloes Bakker (the Netherlands), Ms. Inmaculada Paniagua (Spain), Mr. Christian Goldi (Switzerland), Ms. Natalya Agaltseva (Uzbekistan), Mr. José Luis Martin Bordes (UNESCO), Mr. Avinash Tyagi and Mr. Giacomo Teruggi (WMO), and Mr. Roger Aertgeerts (WHO-Europe secretariat), Ms. Ella Behlyarova, Ms. Francesca Bernardini and Ms. Sonja Köppel (UNECE secretariat). Mr. Jos Timmerman (the Netherlands) was the lead author and Mr. Joost J. Buntsma (the Netherlands) chaired the drafting group.
Table of contents
0.1 Aim 6
0.2 Target Group 7
0.3 Scope 7
0.4 Rationale of the Guidance 7
CHAPTER I GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND APPROACHES 9
CHAPTER II INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS 12
II.1 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 12
II.2 WHO International Health Regulations 12
II.3 Relevant UNECE Conventions and Protocols 13
CHAPTER III POLICY, LEGISLATION AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS 16
III.1 Policy and governance 16
III.2 Legal aspects 17
III.3 Institutional aspects 17
III.4 Education, capacity-building and communication 18
CHAPTER IV INFORMATION AND MONITORING NEEDS FOR ADAPTATION STRATEGIES DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION 20
IV.1 Definition of information needs 20
IV.2 Types of information 21
IV.3 Sources of information 23
IV.4 Joint information systems and exchange of information 24
IV.5 Design of adaptive monitoring systems 25
CHAPTER V SCENARIOS AND MODELS FOR IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 25
V.1 Introduction 25
V.2 Global and regional climate models 27
V.3 Criteria for the development of scenarios 28
V.4 Criteria for the selection and application of models 29
CHAPTER VI VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT FOR WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND WATER SERVICES 30
VI.1 Vulnerability 30
VI.2 Vulnerability assessments 31
CHAPTER VII MEASURES 32
VII.1 Types of measures 33
VII.2 Measures at different time scales 34
VII.3 Development of measures 35
CHAPTER VIII FINANCIAL MATTERS 41
VIII.1 Adaptation Fund of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 41
CHAPTER IX EVALUATION OF ADAPTATION STRATEGIES 41
IX.1 Objectives 42
IX.2 Learning by doing 43
CHAPTER X ISSUES RELEVANT TO OTHER WATER-RELATED SECTORS 44