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UNITED NATIONS

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE


WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

REGIONAL OFFICE FOR EUROPE




MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO

THE CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION

AND USE OF TRANSBOUNDARY

WATERCOURSES AND INTERNATIONAL LAKES


MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO THE PROTOCOL ON WATER AND HEALTH
TO THE CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION AND USE OF TRANSBOUNDARY WATERCOURSES AND INTERNATIONAL LAKES
Workshop on water and adaptation to climate change

Amsterdam (the Netherlands), 1–2 July 2008


DRAFT GUIDANCE ON WATER AND CLIMATE ADAPTATION


This document has been prepared for the Workshop on Water and Climate Adaptation (Amsterdam, 1–2 July 2008).
It is an intermediary version of the draft guidance on water and climate adaptation being prepared under the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes and its Protocol on Water and Health for possible adoption by the Meetings of the Parties to both instruments in 2009/2010.
The document has been jointly prepared by the Convention’s Task Force on Water and Climate and the Protocol’s Task Force on Extreme Weather Events.
The current draft is still incomplete. In particular, the final Guidance should include:

  • An executive summary for policymakers;

  • Examples in the Guidance text to make it more concrete;

  • Case studies to be included in the annexes;

  • Additional recommendations related to water supply and sanitation in extreme events (these policy recommendations should be read together with the technical and operational guidelines on water supply and sanitation in extreme weather events to be developed by the Protocol’s Task Force on Extreme Weather Events);

  • Specific recommendations related to the transboundary context;

  • Financial aspects, in particular approaches to costing.

The final text will also aim at being of recommendatory nature; hence some editing will done to achieve the right tone and formulation of the text.


One of the main objectives of the Workshop on Water and Climate Adaptation is to comment and review the draft guidance and to collect good practices to illustrate its principles. Workshop participants are therefore invited to provide their comments to the existing text as well as suggestions for how its content and main message should be further developed.

Acknowledgements
The UNECE and WHO-Europe secretariats gratefully acknowledge the funding by the Governments of Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, as well as the contribution of members of the Convention’s Task Force on Water and Climate and the Protocol’s Task Force on Extreme Weather Events and the work of the drafting group which prepared the draft guidance.
The drafting group was composed of Mr. Edgar Pirumyan (Armenia), Mr. Mikhail Kalinin (Belarus), Ms. Tanja Dubrovin (Finland) Ms. Meike Gierk (Germany), Ms. Zsuzsanna Buzas and Ms. Zsuzsanna Engi (Hungary), Ms. Luciana Sinisi and Ms. Benedetta Dell’Anno (Italy), Mr. Henk Van Schaik and Ms. Marloes Bakker (the Netherlands), Ms. Inmaculada Paniagua (Spain), Mr. Christian Goldi (Switzerland), Ms. Natalya Agaltseva (Uzbekistan), Mr. José Luis Martin Bordes (UNESCO), Mr. Avinash Tyagi and Mr. Giacomo Teruggi (WMO), and Mr. Roger Aertgeerts (WHO-Europe secretariat), Ms. Ella Behlyarova, Ms. Francesca Bernardini and Ms. Sonja Köppel (UNECE secretariat). Mr. Jos Timmerman (the Netherlands) was the lead author and Mr. Joost J. Buntsma (the Netherlands) chaired the drafting group.

Table of contents


INTRODUCTION 5

0.1 Aim 6

0.2 Target Group 7

0.3 Scope 7

0.4 Rationale of the Guidance 7

CHAPTER I GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND APPROACHES 9

CHAPTER II INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS 12

II.1 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 12

II.2 WHO International Health Regulations 12

II.3 Relevant UNECE Conventions and Protocols 13

CHAPTER III POLICY, LEGISLATION AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS 16

III.1 Policy and governance 16

III.2 Legal aspects 17

III.3 Institutional aspects 17

III.4 Education, capacity-building and communication 18

CHAPTER IV INFORMATION AND MONITORING NEEDS FOR ADAPTATION STRATEGIES DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION 20

IV.1 Definition of information needs 20

IV.2 Types of information 21

IV.3 Sources of information 23

IV.4 Joint information systems and exchange of information 24

IV.5 Design of adaptive monitoring systems 25

CHAPTER V SCENARIOS AND MODELS FOR IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 25

V.1 Introduction 25

V.2 Global and regional climate models 27

V.3 Criteria for the development of scenarios 28

V.4 Criteria for the selection and application of models 29

CHAPTER VI VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT FOR WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND WATER SERVICES 30

VI.1 Vulnerability 30

VI.2 Vulnerability assessments 31

CHAPTER VII MEASURES 32

VII.1 Types of measures 33

VII.2 Measures at different time scales 34

VII.3 Development of measures 35

CHAPTER VIII FINANCIAL MATTERS 41

VIII.1 Adaptation Fund of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 41

CHAPTER IX EVALUATION OF ADAPTATION STRATEGIES 41

IX.1 Objectives 42

IX.2 Learning by doing 43

CHAPTER X ISSUES RELEVANT TO OTHER WATER-RELATED SECTORS 44





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