First Names in Western Europe



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First Names in Western Europe


Doreen Gerritzen (Doreen.Gerritzen@meertens.knaw.nl)

Meertens Instituut, Amsterdam






Netherlands (2000)


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Sanne

Fleur


Anne

Iris


Anouk

Lotte


Kim

Amber


Emma

Laura


Julia

Anna


Demi

Eva


Romy

Femke


Noa

Naomi


Ilse

Tessa


Thomas

Max


Tim

Daan


Lars

Niels


Tom

Kevin


Rick

Nick


Bram

Mike


Jesse

Sander


Ruben

Thijs


Jan

Luuk


Bas

Johannes

Sanne < Susanne

Lotte < Charlotte

Femke: Frisian name

Demi: Demi Moore

Romy: Romy Schneider

Daan < Daniel

Bram < Abraham

Sander < Alexander

Thijs < Matthew

Jan < Johannes

Bas < Sebastian



France (2001)


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Léa

Chloé


Manon

Camille


Emma

Océane


Sarah

Marie


Laura

Mathilde


Julie

Marine


Margaux

Pauline


Lucie

Anaïs


Inès

Clara


Justine

Morgane


Thomas

Lucas


Hugo

Théo


Maxime

Quentin


Nicolas

Alexandre

Antoine

Alexis


Clément

Valentin


Mathieu

Julien


Romain

Louis


Florian

Pierre


Benjamin

Paul

Margaux: American actress Margaux Hemingway < place-name Margaux

Anaïs < Anna, Provence and Catalonia

Morgane: Breton - originally Welsh



Germany (2001)


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Marie

Maria


Sophie

Anna, Anne

Laura

Julia


Sara, Sarah

Katharina

Lea, Leah

Michelle

Lena

Lisa


Vanessa

Johanna


Sophia

Celina, Celine

Jasmin

Franziska



Jessica, Jessika

Lara


Alexander

Lukas, Lucas

Maximilian

Leon


Daniel

Paul


Niclas, Niklas

Tim


Jan

Phillipp

Florian

Jonas


David

Felix


Tobias

Sebastian

Michael

Fabian


Johannes

Kevin




England and Wales (2001)


pos.

girls

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Chloe

Emily


Megan

Jessica


Sophie

Lauren


Charlotte

Hannah


Olivia

Lucy


Ellie

Amy


Katie

Georgia


Rebecca

Mollie


Bethany

Emma


Holly

Ella


Jack

Thomas


Joshua

James


Daniel

Harry


Samuel

Joseph


Matthew

Lewis


Luke

Oliver


William

Benjamin


Callum

George


Adam

Ryan


Jake

Alexander


Bethany: Mary of Bethany, a village near Jerusalem

Callum: Scottish form of Columba, Saint Columba (521-597)



Denmark (1999)


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girls

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Emma

Julie


Sofie

Cecilie


Laura

Emilie


Amalie

Maria


Anna

Ida


Camilla

Caroline


Louise

Sarah


Freja

Mathilde

Line

Sara


Anne

Katrine


Mads

Mathias


Rasmus

Oliver


Frederik

Emil


Mikkel

Jonas


Andreas

Simon


Magnus

Christian

Tobias

Daniel


Anders

Kasper


Sebastian

Jacob


Martin

Marcus

Mads < Matthew

Rasmus < Erasmus, patron saint of the sailors

Mikkel < Michael

Magnus: a medieval Norwegian royal name

Anders < Andrew



Sweden (1999)


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girls

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Emma

Julia


Elin

Hanna


Amanda

Linnea


Vilma

Matilda


Moa

Ida


Maja

Sara


Johanna

Emelie


Felicia

Emilia


Ebba

Josefina


Clara

Sofia


Oscar

Filip


Simon

Erik


Anton

Viktor


Alexander

William


Jonathan

Emil


Jacob

Lukas


Marcus

Linus


Daniel

Adam


Gustav

Albin


Sebastian

Rasmus

Linnea: Carl von Linnaeus, the Swedish botanist

Moa < Swedish word for mother (?)

Elin < Helena

Maja < Maria or Margaretha

Vilma < Wilma (William)

Ebba < Germanic eber





Norway (2000)


pos.

girls

boys

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Emilie

Ida


Julie

Thea


Ingrid

Malin


Nora

Maria


Silje

Emma


Vilde

Sara


Anna

Andrea


Victoria

Amalie


Martine

Marie


Sofie

Helene


Martin

Sander


Andreas

Henrik


Jonas

Mathias


Daniel

Magnus


Marius

Simen


Fredrik

Thomas


Tobias

Kristian


Adrian

Markus


Sondre

Ole


Sebastian

Emil, Eirik


Malin < Magdalena

Silje < Cecilia

Vilde < Alvhilde, a Germanic name

Sondre: the etymology is unknown

Eirik: variant of Erik

Ole < Olav



Spain: Galicia (1990-1999)


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Laura

Andrea


María

Cristina

Alba

Sara


Lucía

Marta


Paula

Ana


Noelia

Raquel


Tania

Patricia

Sandra

Nerea


Lorena

Tamara


Beatriz

Silvia


Adrián

Daniel


David

Alejandro

Diego

Pablo


Iván

Javier


Rubén

Sergio


Manuel

Miguel


Carlos

Christian

Alberto

Jorge


Martín

Iago


Brais

Marcos





Spain: Catalonia (2000)


pos.

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Maria/María

Paula


Laura

Andrea


Marta

Anna


Alba

Carla


Laia

Júlia/Julia

Marina

Clàudia/Claudia



Sara

Mireia


Nùria/Nuria

Ariadna


Cristina

Judith


Judit

Ana


Marc

David


Àlex/Álex

Daniel


Pol

Arnau


Pau

Jordi


Sergi

Joan


Albert

Víctor


Adrián

Alejandro

Joel

Gerard


Oriol

Adrià


Ivan/Iván

Eric

In both lists:

Alba, Ana, Andrea, Cristina, Laura, María, Marta, Paula, Sara

Adrián, Alejandro, Daniel, David, Iván
Form differences:

Pablo–Pol/Pau, Alberto–Albert, Jorge–Jordi, Marcos–Marc and Sergio–Sergi


Laia < Eulalia

Nuria: from a title of the Virgin Mary, ‘Nuestra Señora de Nuria’ (Our Lady of Nuria),

so it is a place-name

Nerea: from Nereus, the name of a sea god from Greek mythology

Oriol: family name of saint José Oriol (1650-1702)

Brais: origin unknown





Italy: Rome (2000)


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Giulia

Chiara


Sara

Martina


Francesca

Alessia


Giorgia

Federica


Ludovica

Eleonora


Alice

Arianna


Beatrice

Sofia


Ilaria

Valentina

Elisa

Camilla


Aurora

Claudia


Lorenzo

Andrea


Matteo

Alessandro

Francesco

Simone


Luca

Federico


Alessio

Daniele


Leonardo

Riccardo


Valerio

Marco


Davide

Gabriele


Edoardo

Emanuele


Mattia

Tommaso

Giulia: Julia

Chiara: Clara

Alessia: Alexia

Giorgia: Georgia



Ilaria: Hilaria








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