Incipit Auraicept na nEges i. eraicept



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Luis dono, is o crand rohainmnigther, .i. o chaor­thand, uair ‘luis’ ainm do chaorthand isin tseunGaidilcc, ut dicitur: ‘li sula luis’ .i. caourthand, ar ailleacht dath a chaor.

Fern dono, is o crand rohainmnigther, .i. fern, ut [4265] dicitur: ‘aireunach Fian fern’, ar is di dogniter na sgeith.

Sail didiu, is o chrand rohainmnigther, ut dicitur: ‘li ambi soil’ .i. nembi soil ara cosmalius a datha fri marph.

Nin dono, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. o uinnsind, utdicitur: ‘coscrad sidhe nin’, .i. uindis, .i. ar is di na croind gaei [4270] triesa cosgarthar an sith; no ‘costad side uindis’, .i. nin, giniol garmno dognither do uindis, .i. ar isinn aimsir tsidha togbaither garmna.

Huath dano, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. sge, ut dicitur: ‘comdal quan uath’, ar is uath mor hi ara deilgniph, no is minic la cach comdail ic sgiaigh.

Duir[4275] dono, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. dair, utdicitur: ‘airdem dosaiph dair’.

Tinne dono, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. cuilend, ut dicitur: ‘trian roith tinne’, .i. cuilend, ar is cuilend in treus fidh roth in charpaid.

Coll dono, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. coull, ut dicitur: ‘cno car [4280] fer’, .i. cach ag ithe a cno .i. coull, no ‘ith car fer’ no ‘cain car fid’.

Queirt dono, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. apall, ut dicitur: ‘clithour baisgell’ .i. eilit. Quiert (.i. cli) .i. abull, oelit gelt queirt .i. apall.

Muin dano, is o chrand rohainmnigther, .i. finemain, ut dicitur: ‘airden maisi moin’ [4285] .i. finemain .i. iarsani fasas a n-airdi i finemain.

Gort dono eidheand, ut dicitur: ‘glasibh geltaip gort’, .i. eidheand
Ngedal, .i. gilcach nuo raith, ut dicitur: ‘luth lego ngedal’, .i. gilcach no raith, ar is luth laisna legaib 7 coibnes iter ‘k’ 7 ‘ng’; no miodach ice .i. ar imad a ice no [.i. Eg.] gilcach no [4290] raith.

Straif dono .i. droigend, ut dicitur: ‘aire sraba ssdraibh’, .i. droigend no straif .i. saididh nell, .i. a dhe // ssuass.

Ruis dono .i. troum, utdicitur: ‘ruamna ruici ruis’ .i. trom, no ‘ruamna ruisg’, .i. teine truim.

Ailm .i. ochtach, no ailm airdeumh iachtadha .i. feth .i. [4295] fe ue, at uath feirrdris; no ailm .i. quaisi ‘pailm’ a palma.

Onn .i. aitend, ut dicitur: ‘cudnoudh eich’, .i. aitend no echlaisg.

Ur .i. fraoch, ut dicitur: ‘guiremh dal’, .i. frech.

Edath .i. eth uath .i. crand fir no crithach, ut dicitur: ‘erchra fer fe fe flesg’.

Idedh .i. iobhar, ut dicitur: [4300] ‘sioneim fedha iobair’, iobhar .i. eo barr simper.

Eba .i. crithuch, ut est ‘snamchar fer’.

Oir .i. feoruss no edlend, ut dicitur: ‘tuathmar fidh’, .i. eithlend, ut dicitur: ‘sruithem aicdhe feorus’, .i. fiarses.

Uilleand .i. eidleand, ut dicitur: ‘tuathmar fid’ no edleand.

Ipin .i. spinan no [4305] spin, ut dicitur: ‘millsim fedha pin’ .i. caor.

Emancoll .i. umda a fedha, no emancoll .i. gabar emancoll ar ach cia gabar ar aill .i. midiuiti, utdicitur: ‘oud saothaid’, .i. uch, no emancholl .i. seim muin caol.

[Uch is tinn mo chorp om. Eg.] [4310]

Anmanda fiodh tra sin uile amal foghaphar isin Duili Feudha, 7 is uadaiph ainmnigter feudha in ogaim isin Gaidilc 7 nochan o dainip itir, ut aili dicunt.

Cesc, (8,1) Cis lir a cumang? Ni ansae. lánchumang intib uilib eter feda 7 táebomna co n aurbu úath. .i. amal bes a [4315] n aigned cidh mor cidh bec iat. Is imne innister isin Cin Oullaman .i. ceithirtsliocht fedhair for fedhaib 7 taobhoumnaiph, .i. cumang 7 ecumang, lancumang 7 lethchumang. Cumang a forfeudhaiph, ecgumang a muitibh, lanchumang a fedhaiph, lethchumang i leth­gutaibh. [4320]

Itberat araile is tretslicht is coir and, .i. lanqumang a muitibh, ar ni bfilet lethguta lasin nGaidel.

Treidhe dogni ‘uath’, .i. bogad et seimhugud 7 urdipdad.

Bogad cetamus: for taobomnaib 7 isna ndiaigh do ecaiph // doibh .i. do’ ‘p’ 7 do ‘c’ 7 do ‘t’ 7 do ‘duir’ 7 do ‘gourt’. Iersin [4325] Laitneoir, immorro, bidh tinfed ar gach taobomna don Gaidilc.

7 seimiugud for guthaigiph, [7 Eg.] is rempa do ecaiph doiph.


Bouccad ‘beithi’, ‘sop’.

Boucad ‘cuill’, ‘cloch’.

Bogad ‘tinde’, ‘ath’. Bogad ‘duir’, ‘sodh’. Bogad ‘guirt’, ‘magh’.

Seimugud dono for taophomnaibh, 7 is rempa do ecaip doiph. [4330]

Seimiugud ‘uatha’, ‘Phatraig’.

Seimhiugud ‘d’, ‘dhamsa, dhuitsi’.

Seimiugud ‘b’, ‘a bheun’.

Seimiugud ‘c’, ‘a cheun’.

Seimiugud ‘tinde’, ‘a thir’.

Seimugud ‘g’, ‘a ghrad, a oghda’.

Seimugod ar gutaibh, 7 is rempu do ecaiph doibh. Pidh dano tinfed ar gach taoboumna indsa Gaidilcc. [4335]

Boccad ‘b’ cetamus, amal ata ‘Bhatraig’, ar as ‘uath’ bogas in ‘b’ fil and, ar ni bi ‘p’ lasin nGaidilc. Seimugud ‘uatha’, amal ata ‘a Phatraig’, ar cia beith ‘uath’ and, is seime ina [a] n aill.

Airdipdad (.i. o rodipad) ‘sail’ immorro, .i. ‘a shail’;

airdip­dad ‘f’, ‘a fhind, a fhir, in f[h]eudha’, .i. in taebomna do bricht [4340] as do raith, ut est [amal no om. Eg.] cindus domiter frisna taopoumnaiph amal fidha sic fidhau. Iss ed ropad chert and acht ‘uath’ baidhius in ‘fern’, conidh airdipdad fil and.

Seimugud immorro, amal ata ‘a fher’, .i. ni tét as air ec 7 ni bí lancumang ind. [Ar at e teora fuillti in Uiraicepto, [4345] .i. ‘uath 7 forsail 7 airnin’ Eg.] Ni ansa. ‘Huath’ cetumus. Is ed fuillius ‘b’ conngaib greim ‘p’, ar ni bi ‘p’ lasin nGaidel.

Caiti a deimniogud? Ni ansa. Amal ata ogin Laitneoir: ‘b’ cum aspiracione ponitur pro ‘p’ .i. samaigther ‘b’ co tinfed ar ‘p’. Dicunt ali cona bi ‘uath’ araon re ‘b’ do [log Eg.] ‘p’, [4350] acht bi a aonur ar ‘p’, ut Presens: buxus pro puxus, ambou pro ampo, .i. ‘b’ inntib sin ar ‘p’, 7 ni ‘b’ co tinfed, amal adberait araile.

‘Forsail’ dono in fuilled tanaise .i. doberat for in son dia fattugud, ut est ‘sroun’. [4355]

‘Airnin’, is e in tres fuilled, .i. in baile i recar a leuss da // taopoumna gaipid ‘airnin’ greim in dala n ai, ut est ‘cend’; ar ni bi eumhnad in ogaim. [Teora foilcesta in ogaim Eg.],

.i. ‘quert, * * [ng z]’. Is iat sin treidhe is coir do imchisin isin ogam. Is aire is teora foirmcestu no imcesta [4360] is coir and, ut dicunt ailii: ‘Cie haon fid bog blath morbuan Bis ag ugdar [da imluad om. Eg.], Geiphius greim fedha is forpai? Is consain i[s] taophomna, .i. ‘huath’.’

Caiti deochair iter indell 7 tindell? Ni ansa. Indell int imcomarc 7 tindell int ernedh. [4365]

Cesc, caiti deochair itir chinnedh 7 cinntech 7 cinntecha son? Ni ansa. Cinnedh a n aipgitir Gregdo, ar is cinntechem oldas aipgitir Eupra. Cinntech[a] an aipgitir Laitianda oldas an aipgitir Grecdu. Cinntechsom in bethi luis-nion, uair is fa deoig irriachta.

Cia haonfoucal [4370] gaibius ar na ceithri hernaile an Airraicepto cin nach dethbir tomuis na tarmortcind na fedha na focal na forgnuisi? Ni ansa. In focal is aipgitir Gregda 7 Ebra, Laitinitas 7 ogam. Is e in cethir slicht for fedaibh 7 for [for]fedhaibh, .i. fot n aiccenta et fot suidigthe [4375] i bfoclaiph fotaiph, .i. i bfedhaiph airedhaiph: gair n aigenta 7 gair suidigthi i bfoclaip gairdiph. Fot n aicenta quidim isna forfeudhaiph 7 gairtsuidigti, .i. gairdi iar suidiugud i bfoclaip iet fecht and 7 fotaig fecht aile, ut est ‘cain cáin, laig láig, coir cóir’, no amal ata feur eua a fidh in anma [4380] a fhiodh airechda, amal rogab i mbrethaibh neimed, .i. cenmotha forfeuda a bfil deghafoghar na nguta.

Cesc, caiti fout et gair inntiph? Ni ansa. Fout i bfeudaip 7 a forfeudhaibh, 7 gair i taopoumnaiph, .i. gairtshuudighti, ar is lethaimser for thaophoumna do [4385] ghreus .i. a corus forfedh. Asin Cin Ollam touccad in blog sa reumaind 7 ni do chourp ind Uraicepta.

Cesc, caiti fot et gair? Ni ansa. Amal ata ‘nemh’, for­fedh fil and. ‘Neim’, immorro, fidh airreghdo fil and.


Nidat inonda suoin frisna da chupaid * * [ea e], .i. ‘e’ co ndefogur // [4390] 7 ‘e’ glan,



uerbi gracia ut est ‘seudu’ óir 7 ‘set’ conaire, ‘éua’ and, no ‘seut’ .i. lepaid, is ‘eugad’ icca sgribend sidhe ara cruaidhe. Is an ‘e’ glain teid, is aire sgripthar ‘eghad’ and. ‘Sét’ an teinid immorro tre ‘eughadh’ a sgripend.

‘Nemh’ im talmain, ‘eua’ and, ‘neim’ nathrach, ‘eghad’ and ‘na [4395] sgriphend.


‘Mind’, ‘iphin’ and, ‘min’ immorro ‘beg’, ‘iphin’ and, ‘min’ arba immorro ‘idedh’ aund,

Ar deudha ara dtuctha forfedha itir isin n aipgitir in ogaim, .i. do fregra do defoghur, amal ata isnahip Brethaibh Nemed: “geun­mótha forfedha a bfil defougur na nguta” 7rlo, 7 dono do [4400] tseimugud foghair forsna feudhaibh, ar is buigi bis isna forfeudhaibh, cruas immorro i bfeudaibh airedhaiph.

Forfedha, ut est ‘nem’, ‘eua’ and, ‘naom’ immorro ‘emhan­coull’ and, ‘nim’ in uisgi, ‘idedh’ and.

Fourfeudha idio dicuntur. .i. foirithnig na fedha im fout, ar is ed ismbert [4405] araile is cuimre foghair fil isna feudhaibh 7 fot a forfedhaib. No forfedha .i. firfedha, no forfedhai .i. fidh for fid inntib, no forfedhai .i. for eudha, ar no sechantais iat, no forna feudhaiph atat and for ail 7 ni for a n aild,

no forfeuda dono it inanda 7 na defoughair .i. in defoghar fil inntiph, [4410] amal ata ‘peun’ 7 ‘bein’ dogeuntai de mina beth defoghur, is amlaidh na forfedha.

Cionnus on 7 ‘ebai’ a fidh in anma intan isberar ‘fer’? Ni cotarsna inni sin arin defougur. Is cumair sidhe 7 ni bi fair achd aimser co leth nama anas mode. Di aimsir dono forsin nguthaige fouta. Cia bat [4415] gairit iarum in defoghar reumain inrathoighti.

Ceunmota dono an fed, connicc comardad fuit 7 gair inntib, amal itber in Laitneoir: sircumplex four na sillabaib foutaiph, ut est do, si, 7rl., acuit four na sillabaib cuimribh, ut est pax 7rlo. [4420]

Eba .i. ‘eadhad’ pudhein. Oir .i. ‘ounn’ iar bfir.

Uilleand .i. ‘u’ uile and.

Ipin .i. ‘i’ budein.

Emhancoll .i. emhnad ‘col’ a fuath .i. fuat ‘cuoill’ emnaither and.

Atmberat araile // dono ‘ebad 7 oir’, is ar fheudhaibh fotaibh atat.

‘Uilleand’ immorro, is ar ‘y’ fo meudontaig no is ar ‘ú’ fo medhontaigh [4425] ita.

‘Ipin’, is ar ‘í’ fo medhontaig ita, no is ‘pin’ is coir and ar ‘p’.

‘Emhancoll’ dono is ar ‘x’ ata fri foimdin na focal nGregda no Laitne do thaphairt isin Gaidilc, 7 is aire raiter ‘emhancoll’ friss, ar is ‘coll’ indara taoboumna fil an ‘x’, 7 is aire is ‘coll’ roheumnad and 7 ni ‘sail’, ar is [4430] toissecha ‘coll’ an ‘ix’ quam ‘sail’.

Connaghar dono isin beithi luis nin an ogai: Caiti in fidh gaipius greim taoboumna 7 an fidh ghaiphius greim da thaoboumna .i. in fidh gaiphius greim foucail 7 in fidh na geiph greim taopoumna na fedha na [4435] foucail.

Is e in fidh gaiphius greim taopoumna quidem, .i. fidh a ndiaigh araile .i. fidh bis araen re primfidh a focuil no araon re defogur i n aontsillaib, ut est ‘feoil, beoir, Briain’, 7rl., no fidh tet a gconsanacht, ‘i 7 u’.

Fidh gaipius greim di thaopoumna .i. aonfidh frecrus i tomus do diph [4440] taopomnaibh, ut dicitur gach da taopomna ar fidh.

Fidh gaiphius greim focail .i. fid laphrus a oenar.

Fiodh na geip greim taopomna na feudha na foucail .i. ‘u’ nialsa, ut dicitur: nec uocales nec consanantes habentur, no fidh bis a ndiaigh araile, ut diximus.

Connaghar dano isin [4445] beithi luis nin an ogaim taopomna gaiphius greim feudha 7 taobomna 7 foucail, et taophomna gaiphius greim da fidh et da taopoomna, 7 da taopomnai gaiphius greim feudha, et taopomna gapus greim quicc fed 7 se dtaopomna, 7 taopomna gaipius greim foucail, 7 taobomna [4450] na gheiph greim taophomna na feudha na foucail.
[Ni ansa Eg.] Is i an taophomna gapus greim feuda 7 taopomna 7 foucail .i. ‘q’.

Et taophomna gaibhius greim da fiodh 7 da thaoboumna .i. ‘ngedal’.

Et da thaopomna gaiphius greim fedha .i. gach da thaophomna ar fidh a thomais. [4455]
Taopomna gaiphius [greim] v bfedha 7 se dtaophomna // .i. ‘duir’ i n ait ‘dinin disail’. Ni machtnadh intan gaphus greim na coic bfedh 7 na se dtaophoumna, cia nogaphad greim da fiodh 7 da thaopomna.

Taopomna gapus greim tri bfidh 7 ceithri dtaopomna .i. ‘sail’ a n inad ‘for[s]ail’. [4460] Taopomna gaphus greim focail .i. taobomna congaib greim forpaidi. Taopomna na geibh greim taopomna na fedha na focail .i. taobomna die dtogaiph ‘h’ cend conad marbh do raith, no ‘uath’ budein.

Cest, cis lir deach dochuisin? Ni ansa. A houcht .i. [4465] dialt, regcomrac, iarcomrac, feiles, claonre, luipenchoussach, claidemnus, bricht.

Deach .i. daghfuach .i. focal intan is dialt: dagh .i. maith, fuach .i. focal inuenitur. Daghfuach intan is regcomrac, dib fuigther intan is sreth.


Dialt .i. di fo diultad co nnach bfuil alt and. Regcomrac re i [4470] gcomraicit in da tsillaib umann alt .i. (no) re iarsin comarc int alt tanaise.

Iargcomrac .i. iar comraigit .i. iarsin comrac int alt iachtarach .i. iar gach ndeighenach .i. comarc in (tres) sillab forsna da tsillabaib toisseacha.

Feiles .i. fillis na lama .i. filled luis .i. lam .i. [4475] baile ata filled an duirn: no filis .i. fis fillti: no fo lais cebe diberius .i. leisin mbfilid, uair is cudruma di tsillaib di gach leith de.

Claonre .i. claon indara re .i. a do ar an dara leth 7 a tri ar in leith aile. Luipencoussach .i. an coss cona luibnib .i. na coic meoir 7 in traig in [4480] seissedh daib.

Claidemnus .i. claidem manus .i. manus lamh, 7 claidem na laime in slindean, ar is he in sechtmad dialt claidemnus.

Bricht .i. brigh a hocht .i. brigh briathar .i. hocht mbriathar and: no bricht iarsanni brightar ocht sillaba and cenmota a taobomna agin [4485] bfilid 7 consain agin Laitneoir.

Aenfid a ndialt, a do a recomarc, a tri a n iarcomarc, a cethair a fheilius, a cuig a clainre, a se a luipencoussach, a secht a clouidemnas // a hocht a mbricht, ceinmóta taobhomna andsein dano.

Is aire sin ni talla in trefogur a nd aonndialt. [4490]

Is e int ainm airme a tri no a ceuthir. It iat na hanmanda uird airme primus, secundus, tersius. a tress .i. anmanda uird airme iar bproiss, 7 anmanda uird airme immorro iar n aigned. Is si sin in dethber airme anforbhthe, amal rogabh a tri no a cuig, ar nach fuillter o chouitibh. [4495]

Caiti sechta in ochta ind Uraicepto? Ni ansa. Intan is ocht ndialta a mbricht, is and it secht n alta and .i. dialt co gceill: cuig litri and a n us moam de, aonlitir a n us lughamh dei .i. ig sloindedh ceilli comhlaine. Rosaig a lagat co haonfid. Cid [4500] timarda iarum eba isini is fer, ni luga is defoughar ind sin chena. Ni la Gréugda iss defougar sin.

Cidh fodera in cotarsanai 7 na coig feudha 7 na secht fedha 7 na x bfeuda iar bfuillincht aile? Ni ansa. Na cuig fedha cétumus: ag fregra dona cuig guthaigib tuc na secht [4505] fedha, fregra dona defograiph tuc .i. ‘ea oi’. Na x feudha, ‘ipin’ ar defougar, ata ‘emhancoull’ ar ‘x’ no ar emnad, ata ‘pin’ ar ‘p’, conid ‘x’ samlaidh. Iar n Uiraicecht Muimnig so.

Caiti bunad 7 inde et airbert, coitchend 7 diles, ruidles 7 indles isin bfoucal is deach? Ni ansa. Bunad quidem oní [4510] is deach us Grecum nomen. Defuach a inde, ut diximus. A airbert .i. troig o dialt go bricht, ut prodiximus. An troigh lasin Laitneoir, is deach a ainm lasin bfilidh, ut Donatus dixit: Pes est sillabarum et temporum cert[a] enumeratio .i. ita in troig .i. an chous [4515] conad airmideta derbh na sillab et na n aimser icon Laitneoir. Ata dono airmideta derpta a sillab .i. ceithri troigi desillaebaig et a houcht tresillaebaig 7 a se dec emnaiti 7 troigid et aimsir agan Gaidel o dialt go bricht .i. sillab forbes cech deach dip di araile isin Gaidilcc, conidh [4520] // a hocht samlaidh a mbricht conid airmideta deurph sin o haontsillaib conicce a houcht.

Ocht sillaba (.i. minabdis ecsamla) isin pfocul is mo isin Gaidilcc, ut est: ‘fianamailecharadhartai 7 inrocomrairc­nigsiomairne’, 7rlo. Focail doilphdi so rodolpset filid na [4525] Gaidhilcci et na Laitne a n agaid araile dia mbreith re sechtu. Teora sillaba x isin bfocul is mo isin Laitin, ut est: ‘teinerifficabiletudinetatibus’.

Cesc, cia roich dialt a meut ogus a laighet? Ni ansa. Rosouich a laighet co haonfiodh .i. ag sloindedh cheille [4530] comlaine 7 is foucul so, ut est: ‘a’ 7 ‘i’ 7 ‘o’, .i. ‘a’ sleibhe 7 ‘o’ forcind 7 ‘i’ inis .i. I Cholaim Cille, amal ata A' Chuisi 7 A' Chairtend i Sliab Luachra .i. anmanda sleibhi sain­riud, ut dixit Mac Da Cerda:

Dam congair iter da a, [4535]

Fongluaisi glaodh gulpanda,

Is uallach int arganda

La tricha segh (.i. os) lurganda.

(.i. dialt co ceill andsin, coic litri is mo do, lit[ir] is luga). Rosoich dano co a cuicc a mét, ut est: ‘flesg 7 triosg, brisg, [4540] sgailp, tracht, et bricht’ .i. epaid, et ‘bracht’, .i. ut est:

Conberbtar brachta

[A Eg.] n ebron bru,

Feisi gan lachta

Nach fuor tnu (.i. tcine). [4545]

Ni airmither ‘h’ isna foclaib deighenchu, ar ni litir fiadha, amal adbert in Laitneoir: ‘H’ non est litera seut nota spiracione .i. nochin fuil ‘uath’ conidh litir acht ata conid not tinfid. Tinfed .i. tinugud fedha .i. neimtniugud .i. a chor as do raith. Gach dialt iarum imatormaig fria araile [4550] cocumaong cech aon focail. Deich co houcht [i] mbricht 7 is he meud 7 laiget cecha Gaidilci o dialt conna // n­-athgapail díplinaiph .i. co gcumangar do gach dialt diph iarna tinol deach. Isin mbricht a mbit ocht silllaba.

Etargairi a n innsgib: ‘is e, is i, is eudh’, iar macaib [4555] Miled, masgoul, feimin, neotor lasin Laitneoir, ‘uindse, uindsi, oundar’ iar bFeraib Bolg, moth, touth, traothad la Tuaith De Danann. Is e punad gacha Gaidilcci, dialt acht moth toth traoth. Madh iadsidhe is iat fein ata bunad and, ar ni bfil nach focal Gaidillci na bud indip sut [4560] dano.

Mod (it) gach ferda, gach feirindsgi. Toth cach banda, gach banda indsgi. Traoth gach neotor, gach neotarda, iss ed bunad gacha Gaidilci, 7rlo, .i ar ni dialt is buonadh doibsidhe ar ni bunad aonreud do budein, nuo nit dat bunadh Gaidilci indso acht it bunad cecha [4565] ceniuil.

Masa cenel, caiti in cinel dianat bunadh? Ni ansa. Moth .i. gach ball ferrda 7 gach cuma ferrda Toth .i. gach mbannda no gach baull bannda et gach cuma bannda oulchena. Traothad .i. gach neutordai .i. gach (no nach) nectorde .i. gach cumai neimnechtorda .i. gach [4570] cuma neimecuscdai, no dano is bunad gacha Gaidilcci dialt acht mouth touth traoth. Iss ed is moam lem cheuna, ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil, no dono nidat dialta itir, amal ata moudh mo a odh .i. in ceol is mo ina in ceol is luga, amal rogaph ant aidhpsi a nDruim Cheutai, [4575] no mo a fedh a n airdi intan is tourand no caint.

Toth .i. tai a oudh an ceol mbec a n athfheugadh an ceoil is mo .i. cronan no certan, no toth taoi a edh no a oudh intan is femin, no tai a edh intan is fouta ron cluine no ron aile is tai et is isliu quam a n aill. Toth .i. ar [4580] a­ni traothait na ciuil isli na ciuil ardai .i. sdocairecht no cornairecht, no troeth .i. traothaig, traotus intan is cruit fo bith is caile 7 is cruaidhi quam ani aile is traoth, no traoth treith a eudh no a odh fria feugad feimin .i. // masguol.

No dono moth 7 touth 7 traoth .i. anmanda ball [4585] ferrda et bannda 7 neotor, amal itbeir in Laitneoir: Nomen membri uirilis et nomen meimbri mulieris et nomen membri naturalis, 7 is at focail Grecdu issin cias a Laitin ata deismerecht dip 7 is aire nadat dialta, ar ni failit o neoch 7 ni failter uathaib acht mina nderntar mot for moth 7 tot [4590] for toth 7 troeth for traoth. Ismberat araile comdis anmand aidhmi ciuil. Caiti a deimhniugud? Ni ansa. Moth mo a odh intan is cruit. Toth .i. tai odh intan is binde .i. is tai et is isliu quam i n aill. Troeth .i. traothaid in dias aile intan is stocairacht fo bith is airde a faidh, is [4595] aire is traotha doiph. Is e so tra a chumair is he bunad gacha Gaidilci dialt .i. o regcomarc co bricht 7 ni bunad he do entsillaib, amal roghaph mot tot traoth, 7 is ar gach ndialt tugait sidhe i sunda 7 is aire rothogait sidhe sech gach ndialt, ar dochuaidh menma friu comdis regcomrac, [4600] ar fogabar a chondaill ut diximus.

Domiter alta uadh fri halta daine .i. toimsigter alta an airchetail fri halta duine amal toimsigtir fri gach n indsge, sic domiter fri gach n indsge.

Cesc, cindus domiter fri gach n indsge? Ni ansa. Corab cach da dialt [4605] frisgara araile, ut est ‘dair 7 cair, tiar 7 ciar, tis cis, tuas luas’; 7 corab gach da regcomrac frisgara araile, ut est ‘aingeal 7 daingen, lebhar 7 remhar, duine 7 mouine’. Iss ed a cupaid intan is comfid .i. focal imfrecra 7 is comhde[ch] .i. in tarmfortcind.

Cidh ara dtugsum na [4610] foclu sin ar aird sech gach ndialt archena? Is aire eimh dus fug sidhe, ar ata tuigsi ceinelach and (no inntib), cidhad dialta, 7 ni cenelach dialt[a] archena ata andsin. Ni dialt dono cia madh iadsum adberdis ar aird suond, ar ni bunad in reut do budhein. Is bunadh an dialt do [4615] gach Gaidilc uadh fein sechtair. Ni bunad immorro e // (no iat) do budein. Ismberat araile comad aire na budh bunadh Gaidilge, ar ni dialt itir he 7 ni bunad Gaidilge aroile acht dialt.

It e [v Eg.] gne in berla thobaigi .i. teipide .i. berla [4620] Feine 7 fasoighe 7 iarmberla 7 beurla n etarsgarta 7 berla fortcide na bfiled tresinn aigillit gach diph araile. Berla Feine tra .i. in Feinechus no araile berla robui ag Feinius ar leith.

Fasaigh .i. fis oghai na bfiled .i. dliged firfurtacht, [4625] no na lurga fuach .i. ‘forsna feroiph, fona, isna, tresna, fresna, sechna fira’ 7rl.: 7 na diailt n eterleime, ut est ‘e, es, et, in, co, tre, tar, re, fo, fair’ 7rlo. Iermberla dono: ‘cuic (no coic)’, .i. ruin; ‘ballorb’, .i. bail d’forpa na filidechta occa; ‘muirni’, .i. miruine. 7 is do canaid is ainm ‘ballorb’.

Gne n aill [4630] do iarmberla .i. ‘ierum 7 dono 7 tra 7 hautem (.i. ouccus), acht et gidhed chena 7 atat, cesc, cislir, cair, cisne, catia’t. Is aire raiter iarmberla de ara secucht 7 ara cruaidhi amal iarand, uair ni heidir a thaithmech.
No iarmberla lar mac Nema arrainic fa deoigh 7 ni fedtar a thaithmech.

[4635] Berla n etarsgarta iter na fedhaibh airedhaibh .i. berla triasa bfil deiliugud na bfiodh n airedha isinn aonfoucal tria na n indaithmech, ut est ‘(ros)’ re os, intan is ros coille. Ros .i. raidh as intan is ros uisgi, no rofhos intan is marbhusge forsa mbi ros, .i. roas intan is ros lin .i. ara [4640] luas 7 ara tighe fasas.
Berla fortcidi na bfiled .i. ford[or]chaidhe, amal ismbert in filidh a sgoil Feiniusa .i. ‘etaill’ .i. ‘etaill aro’ 7 ‘í’ inis, ‘etaill’ uassal 7 ‘ara’ imrum .i. ni anfam d’iomram go risum an inis uasal .i. Eire, 7 amal rogabh ‘san Imagallaim in Da Suadh no in Da Tuarad: [4645] “Brimon smitrach”, .i. ‘brigh’ briathar 7 ‘mon’ cleas, ‘smetrach’ .i. ‘smit’ forrach .i. fourrach neich o smit a cluaisi .i. cleas briatharda donidis na filid fo daigin ecnaig go bfourrgitis // nech tria smiot a chluaisi do tarraing; no ‘smidrach’, .i. ‘smit’ cluas 7 ‘rach’ rigi, ‘forrach smit ai’ (?) ainm in cleasa sin. [4650] Is e in coiged gne in gnathberla fogní do chach. Ismberat araile comad he in berla Feine fasoighe na bfiled, 7 co na ba berla fo leth eitir.

(4653-4725 (‘alt’) temporarily after 4815)

Cuig fillte xx a reim .i. a cuig.

go hogfegait na filid re uama na hai [7 xx gne saorda olchena. Caite iat anmonda na n inadh asamberat cach ai diph do coma dilis budhein? Ni [4730] ansa. A nai dib a ndeilb ainmneda 7 ainseda, 7 a tri a ndeilb geinitli et togarto, a secht a ndeilb togarto 7 foxlada .i. tri a n ilor (.i. fillti) 7 a tri i n uathad: ‘fer, fir, og fir’ a n uathad, ‘na fir, na fer, na fira’ a n ilor. Cuig fillti xx fri reim .i. reimnigiud an anmo do filliud ina v [4735] xx ta v fhegait na filid. Is edh reidhe inde cach anma 7 xx gne olchena Tre brectrad ciall remsuighther friu no is ed sedhait ac eimniugud fillti na fuach .i. na focla .s. cin ainmniugad a n airemh, 7 xx pro feugait andsin .i. segait ut dixit .i. fer diall ata andso sis. Eg.].


Fer a [4740] ainmniugud,

in fir a selpad,

ar fer a aircill,

a fiur a aitrebh,

do fior a dhannad,

a fir a togairm,

o fir a foxal,

co fir a // asgnam,

an fer a incousg,

i fer a inotacht is inand 7 ainmnechad,

og fer a fuirmiud,

for fer a fortad,

fri fer a freisligi do,

o fior a foxal .i. digbail,

la fer a thaophda,

iar [4745] bfer a tiarmoirecht is inand 7 a inatacht,

im fer a timcell,

frisin bfer a tormach is inand 7 a dhannadh,

tre fer a tregdad,

dar fer a tairrsge,

is fer a tuarusgbail .i. ainmniugud,

fo fer a fouthud .i. a ciall inotachta uathaid,

re feur a remudh,

ar fer a fresgabail.

Feughthar dono a [4750] n ilar na delpa sai fon gcuma cetnai

.i. fir a n-ainmningod,

na fir a tuarusgbail,

it fir a incosg,

na fer a selpad,

dona feraibh a danad, uair ainmniugud ag ainmnechad, geinitil ag selpad, tobarthid ag tinnlocud, ainsid ag faicsin, togarnmann ag gairm, foxla ag dibail no ag fagail, sic in [4755] sequentibus:

‘Fer’ didiu ‘eba’ a fidh an anme, ‘e’ a guta, dialt a deach. Son aonconngbalach cin alt and iter in da sillaib: ‘idedh’ no ‘ipfin’ in tselpad no ina reimh intan ismberar ‘fir’, ar bit a ndis and ina reim, idhedh and (amal) ata ‘a fir’, ‘iphin’ and ‘o fiur’, sic in sequentibus. [4760]
Is aire didiu na hairim ‘eubhai’ ina reim cia dobeith i n aroiliph and, ut est ‘co fer’, ar ni bfil acht reim ceille nama i [in cach Eg.] mbaile a marand in fid bis a n ainmniugud isna filltib tsios.

‘Idedh’ immorro no ‘iphin’ bis inntib cach baile na [4765] marand, conid aire sin itmberar ‘idheth’ no ‘iphin’, a fidh ina reim no ina tselpad.

Dinin disail a forbaid .i. aiccent lasin Laitneoir. Ar at e teora forbaidi docuisin lasin nGaidel .i. airnin 7 forsail 7 dinin disail. Airnin arding defid .i. deredh na [4770] bfocal, no defidh .i. nemhfidh, acht is taobomna, no is forbaid.

Forsail for fout feudhair .i. tairgither fair conit fota, no forsail .i. sail (no ail) fair .i. aimser sech an qumair.

Dinin disail ar gair geipid .i. gaibid fair conid gairit. [4775]

Airnin arding defidh .i. dered na focal no defidh .i. // nemfidh, acht is taobhomna, no is forbaid forsail for fot feghair .i. tairgither.

Arnin arding defid: ut est ‘cend, glend’, 7rl.; forsail for fid fada, ut est ‘slogh, sron’. Dinin disail ar gair geibid, ut est ‘fer, ler’ 7 gach [4780] timorta olchena.

Intan sgripthar ainm ogaim, is and sgriptar na forbaidhe so uasa fri rellugud fuit no cuimre no fri tendad, ar ni tuicfitis chena, uair amal itber in Laitneoir acuit for na sillaba cuimbre, ut est ‘pax’ (bac), 7 sircumplex for na sillaba foutaibh, ut est ‘res’, sic dober an [4785] Gaidel dinin disail forsna cuimrib, ut est ‘fear’, forsail 7 for na fotaib, ut est ‘lam’; 7 amal bis graif ar gach aoneipert ilfoclach la hacuit 7 la sircumplex, sic bis airnin araon re forsail 7 re dinin disail, ut est ‘cend, sroll’, 7rl.


Airnin .i. eirnid nion, no airnin .i. nion fair, ar is [4790] ‘nin’ sgriphthar ag incosg na forbaidhe sin, ar is ‘nin’ ainm coitchend da gach litir iter feudha 7 taophoumna, no airnin .i. nin fair, ar is he ‘nin’ cettaopomna riam in rohaircced in forbaid sin.

Forsail .i. sail fair, ar is sail sgript[h]ar ag incosg na forbaidi sin, ar is for fot feghair [4795] forsail. (Is) sinedh n aimsire doforne ‘s’, amal is tiumortad tornes duir, no forsail .i. forfuilled an foucail conid fouda, no forsail sech in qumair.

Dinin disail .i. di fo diultad and connach ‘nion’ connach ‘sail’ sech is ‘duir’, no dinin disail disin difuilliud .i. [4800] nemh­fuilliud. Ismbeurat araile as aire sgriphthar ‘duir’ a ndinin disail, ar is ‘duir’ fil ar tus a ndinin disail, 7 is aire sgribthar ‘nion’ ar airnnin, ar is ‘nin’ fil fa deoigh and, 7 is aire sgribhthar ‘sail’ ar forsail, ar is ‘sail’ fil ar medhon and,

uel ut alii dicunt: Ail .i. aimser furail sech in qumair. Dinin [4805] disail .i. ni fidh, ni nin, acht is forbaid. Disail .i. ni haimsir fota no diail .i. nemforail .i. nemhfhuilliud.
Cesc, in ar tomus tuccait i suound in foucul is ‘feur’? Iss ed eim, ar gen go dtoimsigther iar n aiccned, // toim­sighther iar saordataid, ar atcoutar alt saorda and .i. [4810] fefriar a chounail. Atmberat araile na budh ar tomhus doberta sound acht ar deo[c]hair iter fedha 7 forfeudha .i. fot n aignid 7 gair suidhighti a bforfedhaib, amal ata ‘fer’. Fot suighighti 7 gair n aiccnid a bfedaibh airedhaibh, amal ata alt co bfeisser cia halt dona secht n altaib an [4815] airchetail .i. go bfeisair i[n] nath, in anuir 7rlo.
(4653-4725 (‘alt’) temporarily after 4815)
Alt go bfeiser cia halt dona secht n altaib uad .i. i[n] nath, in anair, in laid, in anamain, in sétrad, in sainemain, [4655] in dian dona dianaiph. O ssen anond is o deachaibh tslointer alta, ar na rob indsge cumusgai. Nath .i. no fidh .i. indsge .i. anaor anair .i. a n aor no an air .i. aon a hiar. Laidh .i. laitir no luater intan is aor, no onni is lapus .i. moulad, no laid .i. 1í suad no leth fedh fedh co [4660] leith intan is luipencosach fo do reith. Anomain an a somaine reisna haistibh roimpi. Setrud .i. séd raid no séd rith .i. rith iar seut cin cuibdius cosin lethrand ndeighenach. Sainemain .i. saine a maine risna aistib romaind. Dian .i. dion no dian .i. adpol an .i. di fo diultad [4665] connach cutroma a hai reisna haistibh oile. O sin anond .i. ono sechd primaistibh imach ios o deach adrimtar .i. is ni dona deachaib foricfa 7 is uathaip ata ainmneachad doip .i. dialt a forbai cech rainde in duain 7 regcomrac a forpai a bforduain, iarcomarc [a casbairdne Eg.] 7 [4670] bairdne ar na rob innsgi cumusgcdhai ar na rab prois amal aisdi na ndaorbard.

Lorga fuach .i. lourga focul arusc reire .i. amal biti lorga i lamhaip daoine iga n imfoulang o port do port arna dtaothsatis ina lighe, samlaid (imthá) it e [4675] andso lorga biti a ngeiniph na bfiled ig fousugud o focul d’foucul; lorga fuach .i. lorga foucul .i. remtsuid­iugud desillaebach biti iter da comuaim focul, ut est Cormac:


Im ba sesach im ba seng, 7rlo [4680] //

A dialt n-eterleime .i. aontsillab iter da chomuaim, ut dixit:

Cia leith co prath iar gcuairt, 7rlo.

‘Cia’ iter ‘lound’ 7 ‘leth’ an dialt n etarleime. Ita dono lorga fuach 7 dialt n etarleime isin rand, ‘im ba’ [4685] is he in lorga fuach 7 in ‘ba’ in dialt n etarleime.

Fertot a tealgud nae .i. a tealgud duine, ar is nae duine, ut dicitur:

Dia ndamad nai for tir

.i. dia ndamad in duine for tir, dolleici in duine ceusadh fair. Teit iarum dia fothrugud donn aphaind, doleigi sis don [4690] bruach isinn uisgi. Arfaomsi eutach imat o neoch aile i ssuidi. Iss ed isbeir sim dano fertom, .i. ferde dam, briathar cesta uoch (no och) indsin. Fertot ara cheile fris, briathar gnimach son .i. gnim fairsium o nach aile ailiter. Tét in duine iarum dia fuotrugud don uisgi, [4695] doleici don bruach sis isinn uisgi.

Tot tot, ol in tond fai, .i. ainm don foghar sin dogni an tound frisin duine, tot ua buo bo, go ged an anmanda forcmachta do soun .i. do foghar in geinemnai rohainmnigter.


Aurland dano ainm d’airell in gai. In adharc duph bís [4700] fonn gai, is di arsisider in gai, imtha samlaidh arsisiodhar an indsge dona deich n airlondaib si, no airisider gach indsge dona tri hirlondaip si, .i. ‘is e, is í, is ed’. It e andsin irlanda ferindsgi 7 banindsgi 7 deiminsgi ‘hic, hec, hog’ lasin Laitneoir. Se, dai, tri, ceithri urlanda ferindsge indsin. [4705] Se .i. is he an fer, da .i. da fher, tri .i. tri fir, ceithri .i. ceithri fir. Inanda immorro irlanda ferindsge 7 banindsge o tsin imach. Is aire nach sinter sech a ceithri.

Si, da, teora, ceitheora urlanda banindsgi andsin: is i .i. is si in bean, di .i. di mnai, teora mna, ceitheoram .i. ceitheora mna. [4710] It he 7 atat immorro irlanda qoitcenda iter ferindsge 7 banindsge indsin.

Is ed immorro irlanda deimindsge, ut dicitur iss ed in ceund fir; herlond ferindsgi dano // aontaighius deimindsge a n urlandaibh ilair .i. da nem, ut dicitur da fher: no urland indsge .i. remslondud in [4715] indsgi .i. banindsge no ferindsge no deimindsge:

urlanda .i. airslinnen .i. ainm bis a rind ria slinnen an gai: airell didiu .i. iarial .i. iarn bis, ar is do is ainm cro in gai, is de airsisiodar in gai fo deredh. Is e urland indsge andsin, ar ni bi erland gan iarlaind. Gne n aill: Se, da, tri, [4720] cethair, .i. da masgal iter uathad 7 ilar: Si, di, tri, ceitheora .i. di feimin iter uathadh 7 ilor: hic, hec, hoc .i. do nemtor iter uathad 7 ilar. Coitcend immorro dolb iter masgal 7 feimin 7 neutor o cethair imach, ut est v fir, v mna, v anmando occu: freisligi foghair no ercro erlapra [4725] aroile indsin.
Gne n ail do ferindsge 7 do banindsge andsou.

Cuicc fillti fichit a reim .i. a cuig go hoghfheughait na filid a bfilliud re uama na hai 7 fiche gne saordu dono in xx gne saorda sin. Cesc, caitiet a n aradnai foraib o mberar [4820] gach ai dip cum a dhilis fein? Berat eiccen, uair delpait filltecha.

Iss ed a lion: a tri a n uathad 7 a tri a n ilar, conid se samlaid .i. ‘fer, fir, og fir’, a tri a n uathadh; a tri a n iolar .i. ‘na feur, na fir, na fiora’.

An xx gne saordai sin is deimin eim is he so a n aradhnai:

A do [4825] x dibh a forgnuis ainmneda 7 ainseda, 7 aon diph a forg[n]uis geinitli 7 toghartada, 7 a secht a ndeilph thobartha 7 foxlaidae,
in da filliud dec dibh tieghait a bforgnuiss ainmneda 7 ainseda. It e andso ind anmanda, .i. ar fer a aircioll, go fer a asgnamh, i feur a inoutacht, sech [4830] fer a tsechmall, for fer a fourtadh, fri feur a freislige, iar bfer a tiarmoracht, im fer a timceall, da[r] feur a thairrsgi, frisin bfer a thormach, tre fer a tregdadh, is fer a tuar­usgbail, ut dixit in file:

Is iat so in da filltech dec, [4835]

(Dar) lemsa nocha lanbrec,

Tiagait a bforgnuis feudha,

Ainmneda ocus ainseda.

Na secht bfillti, immorro, tiaghait a bforgnuis thobartada 7 foxlada .i. a fior a aitreuph, og fior a fuirmed, fo fior a // [4840] fouthad, do fir a danadh, do fir a dighpail, iar fir a thiarmoiracht, fri fir a fhresgabail, rie fir a reimniugud, ut poeta:

Is iat so na secht fillti,

Nit ernaile adhmillti, [4845]

Tiagait a ngnuisibh glana,

Tobharta ocus foxladha.

Aonfilltach immorro teit a forgnuis toghorta 7 geinitli, ut dixit in file:

In fer a tusdighe tiar tsoir [4850]

Do tsealpad, do toghartaidh,

Ogus doib araon ni ricc

Gus mad int aon don fichit.

Is iat sin in fiche gne saerda cona n aradhnaib corraib forra 7rlo.

Fer didiu, ebadh a fiod, idedh no iphin ina [4855] reim no ina tsealpad, no is idhedh ina tsealpad 7 ina thogairm, ipin ina togartaid 7 ina foxlaid. Eba immorro a fidh ina ainmnid 7 ina n ainsid ar chena. Cidh ini is ipin and (?) .i. guthaige inna comaccomal frisna guthoighibh oile. Cinnus didiu a radh comad ipin fiodh in anma is fir, ar [4860] is ididh glan fil and? Ni ansa eim, qumusg nobeith and .i. dinin disail a forbaid ina tsealpad .i. in fir, 7 iphin a fidh ina reimim .i. don fir, ar is reim gach tuissel on ainmnid sis: no dono int ipin isber i suond, is ar idhedha ata, ar is o idhedh doinsgain ip[h]in. [4865]

Caiti dilius feudha a bfeudhaibh, 7 dilius feuda a bfidh, 7 dilis fid i bfedalbh? Dilis fedha i bfedoibh cetumus .i. ‘a’ riasna ceithri guthagaibh oiliph, ar is hi cetlabra gach bi ‘a’ 7 iachtad gacha mairb ach; dilis fedho i fidh dono .i. is dilis in forfidh ogaim secip fid ina sgripthar. Dilis fidh a [4870] bfedhaib .i. amal ata in fidh is defoghar .i. is ed is dilis and an foghar toisech, ar n[i] hairmither in foghar // deighenach.

Alt go bfeisser .i. go bfesor an aisti dona secht n aisti bprimda na filidhechta do gne do thomhus. O tsin anond [4875] is o deachaib tsloinnter alto uadh .i. na rab indsgi cumusgda .i. o sin anound is do defuachaib [.i. is do deghfoclaib Eg.] tsloinnter aisti in airchetail, ar na rab indsge cumusgda .i. amal dogniat na daorbaird.

Lourcca fuach .i. lairge no lourgaidhe: reimtsuigiugad [4880] detsillaebach bis riasna da chomuaim ica saorad ar da gne [ernail Eg.] .i. fogair 7 claon ceille.

Fertout a tealccud nea Et buo bo [7 Eg.] go ged .i. anmanda sin rangautar na filedha tre ealadain doib do reir foughair. Fertout .i. fer dotuit aund 7 bou comad a [4885] buo on geim nobeith 7 gedh comad on gedh ghoutha dobir as nobeith, amal isber in Laitneoir: Nomen de suono factum est .i. fourcaomnagair int ainm don foughar, amal ita condall, sdip, stip. Iss ed a foghar ica luosgadh. Is aire sin rainicc stipula do anmoim do icon Laitneoir. [4890]

Tout dano nomen de suono factum .i. in guth trom doni an duine oga legad for an toind.

Aurland indsge .i. do airell gai is ainm. Caiti int eurland saorda foghapar conid aiccned? Ni ansa. Urland in gai. Caiti in erland indsge do nach bfasand indsge [4895] acht aonindsge .i. indsge in bais? Ni ansa. Indsge grainde ­in gai. Caiti int erlond is iarlond, 7 int iarlond is urland, 7 int urland is remlond? Ni ansa. Urland in gai [.i. urlond Eg] fodeisin, iarlond doteis, ar is iar gach ndeigheunach, conid he sin int irlound is iarlound 7 [4900] int urlond is remlond .i. antan rosauoigh lar co haireill. Caiti urland urlainne a n urlaind? Ni ansa. Ferurlond, beunurlond, nemurlond. Urlond uorlainde a n urlond? [Ni ansa om. Eg.] .i. bean an fir. Aurland a ndis ind urlond .i. ind eum [a nemh Eg.] nou a n iffern. Aurlanda [4905] ilair masgail et feimin andso sis: Se, dha, tri, ceithre: Si, // di, teora, ceitheora; inanda insge airme o tsin imach. Is andsin fogabar comrargai ilair neutuir .i. cen urland iolair ogaib acht i n uathati nama.

Caiti ind indsge tsaorda fogbur conid aiccenta? Ni ansa. Iss ed in cend, [4910] ar as saorda a radh, 7 se for in duine. Is aiccenta immorro a radh ris iarna buain de. Cia haonfoucal regcomarcach isna remendaiph gebes eungradus .i. greim ceithri n ernaile dona reimeundaib? Ni ansa. In foucal is treghdad 7 is aitrioph 7 indotouacht 7 is asgnam: [4915] ar ni bi in tregdad gan int aitreph; ni bi ant aitrioph cin int indotacht; ni bi int inotacht cin int asgnamh; ni bi int asgnamh cin an treghdad, conid treghdad o tuoind go tuoind techtus.

Cia bricht a mbit ocht bfeudha ocon bfilid congeiph an aonguta greim a leithe, ut est sliachta [4920] et is ogleth andsin 7 ni certleth .i. a aonar a n aghaidh na secht litrioch aile.

Cia baile in Uraicept[a] idta in sealpad saordu cin reim acht reim reimraiti, ut est ‘luis ailme’ no ‘bethe ailme’ .i. sealpad ita do ‘ailm’ isin ‘bethe’ 7 isin ‘luis’? Cia baile [4925] i bfoghapar comtath condsained cen tinfed threothaip? Ni ansa. An bail a mbi ‘nin’ rie ‘ngourt’ gan guthaigie eutorra, ut est uinge.

Cia baile i bfogapar in fidh fourtormaigh iar bfourpa na n ocht sillab isin bfoucal is briocht? Ni ansa. In [4930] baile a mbi deufougar isinn ochtmad dialt, is fidh fourtormaigh indala foghar.
Cie taopoumna gapus greim taopoumna et feudha et foucail? Ni ansa. ‘Quert’. Cia taobomna [na] gabh greim taoboumna na feudha na foucail? Ni ansa. ‘h’. [4935] Caiti bunad ruidliusta in foucail is aipgitir? Apexedebam. Aipgitir, id est: copula con literarum per se .i. ita in aipccitir ina comtinol litir cona comfialus: a litera oni is legitera .i. ainm tighe aroile anmanda aitreupus a dtraigh // maura dienad hainm Molosus 7 gibe nech adchi tegdus [4940] a n-anmanda sin foillsigther do fis cecha healadna.
Amal i[s] seud iarum fouillsigius eolus do neoch faicsin na teghduse sin, is amlaid is edh fouillsigius do neoch fiss 7 aicsin litir, conid airesin tuccad int ainm is litir o anmaim tige an anmanda sin reimraiti for litir cach baile ita: [4945] no litera a literatura .i. on fouillsiugud 7 on coimilt doberdis arsanta forna claraib ciarta, ar inntib nosgripta ar dtus.

Condagar bunad 7 inde 7 airbert, coitchend 7 diles 7 rudlius 7 indles don foucal is aipgitir. Bunad eim [4950] di epe ugdair, no eipe icon tor. A hairpert dano a tapairt four ni nach inde, ut dicitur: Aipgitir dno .i. tossach 7rlo.

Cach tan tiaghait na foucail sech a n inde toirne amach co ni nach ni is inde inntib: no comad i in airbert [4955] [focail aithnigte eile ar an focal anaithnigte .i. tinscetol no tosach no comad i a n airbert Eg.] réim dia rosuigidh na foucail ut. Beurla n airperta: coitchend dona litriph uile: diles dona consainib, ruidlius do guthagaibh, indlius a tapairt for lethgutaib intan legait 7 for ni as lugaide [4960] as a inde.

In tiasca do fedhaibh 7 deachaibh 7 reimeundaib 7 for forbaidhib 7 altailb 7 indsgibh 7 eutargairip amal roshuidhigti la filedaib na sgoile ceuta robautar ag Feinius Faurrsaidh ia[r] dteipe na Gaidilci doip asna di berlaiph [4965] lxx co rotaissealpad do Gaidel mac Angin. Ar is he sin rotothlustar ant aonbeurla do teipe asna hilberlaiph dona mba haille 7 pa caine in gach berla dona dib berlaibh lxx. Conid airesin doraisealpad do, conid de dogarar Gaidelc 7 Gaidil. Nel mac Feiniusa Farrsaidh dia [4970] dtar­thar Sgouta, ingen Foraind, conid dia hainmside raiter Sguit amal adrupromar.

Fer a hainmniugud uathaidh, fir // a sealpad uathaid, fir a ainmnechad ilair, na fir a sealpadh ilair, do fior [a danodh uathaid, do feroib Eg.] a danodh ilair, infer a incousg uathaid, na fir a incosg ilair, a fir a toghairm [4975] uathaid, a fhira a thogairm ilair, o fer a foxal uathaid, o feraibh a foxal ilair, oc fir a fuirmed uathaid, og feraib a fuirmed ilair, co fer a asgnam uathaid, co feraiph a asgnam ilair, sech fir a sechmall uathaigh, sech fera a sechmall ilair, tre fer a tregdad uathaid, tre [4980] fera a tregdad ilair, a fer a inotachta uathaigh, a fera a inotacht ilair, fo fer a fortud uathaigh, for feura a fortud ilair, fo fior a fouthud uathaidh, fo fera a fouthud ilair, tar fer a tairrsge uathaid, tar feura a tairrsgi ilair, fria fir a fresgapail uathaid, fri fera a fresgapail ilair, fri feur a freislige uathaid, fri feura a [4985] freislige ilair, sic in sequentibus: feron a formoulad, fer a codud, feear a mallrugud, rer a deilidin, fefriar a chondail, fer a aon, fer a lan, ser a chendfochrus tuois, fel a chendfochrus deirid. N[i] airecor i diabul .i. ferfir, firin a lugugad, sofer a saorugud, dofer [4990] a daorugud, ni hairecour a urard .i. fera, feraibh a urisiol, feurtot a telccud nai, fe a aircill calaidh, ni hairecor a aircell fuit, firr a deichned, fe a dichned, 7 is é iurlond indsge.

Cend cridhe fuolach deime teibidi in fir. It e sin [4995] deismerecht na ndeime teibidi in fir isna reimendoibh: no lanamna an cind, suil 7 fiacail: lanamna in cride srephand 7 cru: lanomna in fulaing, luorga 7 traghaid: lanamna in chind, suil 7 fiecail.

Gene dano na lanomna ndeime: abratchor 7 maula, [5000] geine na sula: bunad 7 leithet, geine na fiacla: tanaigecht et dath .i. ban no glas, geine int [s]reupaind: tighe et dath beos .i. ruaidhe 7 deirge gene in cru: tond7 lith, gene na traigeudh: croicend 7 feithe, gene na lurgan: no lethor et tound, geine na traigedh // [5005]

Araile dono it e geine na lanomna deime a fuoirpdai. Ar at e tri geine docuisnet .i. gene forcometa 7 gen frithchometa 7 gen decomhéta. Gen forcoiméta cetumus: amal rogap faircle for glun.

Imtha samlaid is fair anuas ginither forsail is focetoir [5010] geinither as do belaiph i fiout 7 gairdi. Gen decométa dinin disail amal rogap fuil ar dh’feoil agus isin feoil. Is amlaidh dono dinin disail congaib lasin bfoucal o tousach go deired cin urgabail cin urditeun.

Gen frecometa airnin amal rogab cnaim mullaich 7 leicne 7 cnuic 7 find 7 nahi [5015] nat geiniter lasin dune fochetoir, uair is fo cousmalius alta duine domiter alta uad. Ni taidbeut dono in foucal is airnin lasin bfoucal forsa dtouchrauthar foceutoir co mbi fair fo deoigh ardingidh in foucal. Ferdialt co sin anuas. [5020]

In tiasca do bandialt andso siss: ben, mna, do bein, na mban, dona mnaib, in mnai, ina mna, a ben, a mna, on mnai, ona mnaib, oc mnai, og mnaib, co mnai, co mnaib, sech mnai, sech mnaib, tre mnai, tre mnaib, im mnai, im mnaib, for mnai, for mnaibh, tar mnai, tar [5025] mnaiph. Benon a formoulad, bein a coutud, beean a maullrugud, ben a aon, ben a lan, ni hairechar a diabal .i. beanbean, gia isberat aroile ni bi nach lan cin a diabal, beinin a lugugad, sobeun a saorugud, doben a daorugud. Ni hairecar a urard .i. beana: airecar immorro mnaa. [5030] Ni hairecar a urisil .i. benaib, bentot a telccud nae, be a aircealla calaith. Ni hairechar a aircealla fuit, bel a cendfochrus deirid, beund a dichned, len a chendfochrus tuis, be a dichned, si 7 uindsi a urland indsge; oig 7 glun a deime teipidi; fair 7 srithiti a lanomna; blas 7 millsi [5035] a geinsidhe; faircli 7 esgat a lanomna in gluin; [cnaim Eg.] 7 feoil a ngeinid sidhe: no it e i fuirmthe a ngeinsidhe amal reimeipertmor. Banndialt co sin. //

Don deimdialt so sis.

Nem, nime, na nime, do nim, do nimibh, in nim, in [5040] nimip, o nimh, o nimibh, oc nim, oc nimiph, co nemh, co nimip, sech nem, sech neimibh, for nemh, for neimibh, tre nem, tre nimibh, tar nem, tar nimiph. Nemon a formolad, neimh a cotud, neemh a mallrugud, nefriam a chondail, nem a aon, nemh a lan. Ni hairecar a [5045] diabal, na a tsaorugud, na a daorugud, na [a] urard, na [a] urisiol.

Forsna, fona, esna, isna, tresna, sech na nime a lourga fuach: o, do, im, co, es, fo, for, e, sech nime a dialt n eitarleime e. [Ni fogabar a thelga nue. Ni hairecar [5050] a air  Eg.] cell fuit, nel a cheundfouchrus deridh. Nemm a deichned, nea a dich[ned], is ed 7 oundar a urlanda indsge. Ni hairecar a deime teipidi, ar is deime fo­deisin: nell 7 sduag neime a lanamna deime; dath 7 airdi a ngeinidh sidhe: no is he is a foirbti an gen. [5055]

Dialt cou sin anuas. Finit. Amen.





(1.1) Asberat trá augtair na nGoídel combad sí tucait airic in bérla Féne gním n-ingnad n-indligthech for­chaemnacair isin domun .i. cum­tach in tuir Nemruaid.

Neamhruaidh isin trenfhear sidhem tsil Adhaim ule isin aimsir sin .i. Neamhruadh mic Cuis mic Nae.

Is e immurgu flaith lasa ndearnad in tor .i. Failleac mac Ragho mic Airefaxad mic tSheim mic Nae in genelach coir.

baei iaramh aenri sin isin domhan idir go haimsir Nin mic Bheil, acht comhairlid 7 toisigh badar cosin anall.
Dha comhairleach seactmhoghadh robadar isin domhan isin haimsir sin. Ba he indara comhairleach LXX Neamruadh. Trenfhear iaram in Neamruadh sin fear an agseilg 7 agfiadh radh 7 airrceas

7 nobidh sochaidi aga leanmhain co mba lia, 7 co mba neartmhariu olldas cach samhlaidh


co nadh he darinnart na fear LXX an aencomhairle da dhenamh in tuir la hua brathar a athar .i. la Failleac .i. la hua brathar a tsheanathar.

7 ba hesin dano indarna comhairlidh LXX cheana cosin anall. 7 adbeartsan friu co madh aentoiseach 7 aencomhairlidh doib ule in Failleac.

Adcoda son dano andsin 7 adbearad dano innisu.
7 adubhairt co madh he a ainm no bheath arán (?) gnimh sin go brath. Adcodasomh dano inni o ua brathar a athar co nadh tor Neamhruaidh ainm in tuir go brath.

Tredha dano ara ndearnadh in tor la claind Adhaim: ar uamhain na dileand doridhisi,

7 da dul da daeinib for neamh ina corpaib,

7 do aeirdearcogadh a n-anmaa // in fhiallaigh lasa ndearnadh.

Co nadh desin adbeart Righ nimhe fria mhuindtir: Venite ut uideamus et confundamus lingas eorum.
Ba mhor tra cumhachta tshil Adhaimh isín aimsir sin ag denam in tuir, 7 fa mor a meanma ar meid a neirt go fheastaeis iaramh cumhacta Righ nimhe uasaibh.

Ro*m*esgead a mberla impu co nach aicheoin neach dibh berla araeile.


tan immurgu asberadh fear dib ‘tug cloich damh’, fa crand dabeireadh do.

Is e am creacad, ar ni do clochaib darindeadh in tor sin, da ael 7 d’olaind 7 d’fhuil, do chre 7 o uisgi da lín 7 da bidumuin 7 da mhirr, ut dicitur

Ael 7 oland is fuil,

Cre uisgi 7 lin lanchuirr,

Mirr, tuis, bidumuin co mbuaidh

IX n-adhbuir in tuir N


[* ba henberla bai san domhan conigisin, amail asbert isan rand-sa gaiodearbhadh:

gairtigearnd, ainm in berla

dabi ag mic De deigergna

7 ag sil Adaimh fuair

re cumdach in tuir Neamhruaidh.

Ba henberla bai sa domhan tan rogabhsad da berla deg ar tri XX tan rosgarsad. (=2491/2497)]

Dalodar tra filidh asan sgithia iar cein- moirda chuingid na mberladh d’fhoghlaim cosin tur, ar badar na hilberladh ic comhlaine, oir ba hand aricta 7 daridhnacta da tshil Adaimh.

Dalodar iaramh go magh senair dochum in tuir saeinrud.

Cuig fir LXX dano lin na fhiledh .i. fear gacha berla 7 na tri suidhi .i. gach a primhberla dona primhberladhaib .i. Eabra 7 Greic 7 Laidean. Ceathri berla LXX as gach primhberla dib seinn, is eadh rofodladh and.
Fenius Farsaidh ainm in taeisig, mic Eogain mic Gluin // find mic E[o]itheoir mic Tau mic Buidbh mic tShemair mic Airteact mic Abuith mic tShru mic Eastru mic Baaitu mic Ribhaith sguit mic Goimheir mic Iair mic Ionain mic Iafeth mic Nae mic Laimhfhiach. Adberaid immurgu araeile is eseo in geinelach coir Feinius Farsaidh mic Baith [a3b] mic Maghrig mic Iafheth mikc Nae mic sidhein brathar in fhir diar mhic Gaeidheal.

Orainig tra Feinius comlaineas na mberladh agan tur, fodhail a sgola et


ceandachda 7 cricha fhear talmhain for g leath d’fhogloim na n-ilberladh,

7 nosnothasdar Feinius etir biad 7 edach gein badar agon foghloim VII mblia-.


7 anais Feinius agin tur i n-aeiread sin * is and roaitreas go tangadar a sgola chuigi as gach aird 7 bai ag foircedul il-cland in domhain aeireadhsin *gon tur 7 teora bliadhna roba dar- in sgol ag taisbenadh doibh a ngresa conadh and sin roteibeadh doibh in Gaeidhealg.

Conadh desin arbeir i curp liubair: (1,3) cind X mbliadhna ar sgaei*eadh on tur for gach leath, dareipeadh doibh in Gaeidhealg.

Asbearadar **n** aubhdar ni bai neach da cloind Ionain mic Iafeth mic Nae, dia *ragenedar Greic 7 dia orageinar Feinius, ag cumdach in tuir 7 badar sil Nae arceana.

Berla nEabhraidi namha dobai isin domhan re cumdach in tuir: is eadh sin dano fil la muindtir nime 7 bias iar mbrath.

Ber // la nEabhraidhi, cid o rahainmnigeadh? Ni ansa. Eimear ainm


indara comairlidh VIImhoghad robai ag denamh in tuir,

7 is aigi na aenar roruaraigh a mberla darad Dia d’Adham, conid dagairtear a mberla nEabhraidhi .i. berla n*bhraidhi, air is Ebear ainm in toisigh rocomfhedasdar iar sgaeileadh na mberladh.

Iar tiactain dona deisciblaibh go Feinius on fhoghloim 7 iar taisbenach a cuarta 7 a ngresa,
is ann contaicetair g* in suidh (.i. go Feinius) berla na beathog neach aile da teipe doibh as na hilberlaibh sin, acht madh occo a n-oenar nobeath, conidh iarsin airicht doib a mberlat teipede cona fortormaigib, .i. berla Feine 7 iarmberla 7 berla neadarsgarta eter na feadhaib aeireagdhaib amal darindi isin Duil Feadha Moir 7 berla na fileadh asa n-agailleadh cach dibh araeile 7 in gnathberla dagni do cach etir firu 7 mna.

Gaeideal mac Eitheoir mic Thai mic Barachim do gregaibh indara suidh robhai i comaideact Fheiniusa. Is uadh rohainmnigeadh Gaeidhealg .i. ealg aeirdric andsin .i. Goidhealg rosdarcaigheasdar.

7 Gaeidheal Glas dano mac Agnoin mic Gluindfind mic sidhe brathar in fhir diarbo mac Feinius. Ba sai sidein dano gidh he.

7 is idhein rotothlaigheasdar a mberla go Gaidheal mac Eitheoir, conadh Gaeidhealg o Gaeideal mac Aingin, co madh o Gaeideal Glas mac Niuil mic Feniusa rohainmnigid Gaeidhil.


Berla Feine arrict sund 7 iarmberla 7 berla n-eadarsgarta etir na feadhaib 7 berla // na fhileadh 7 an gnathberla fo gni da cach .


Feinius Farsaidh tra mac Eoghain 7 Iar mac Nema 7 Gaeidheal mac Eitheoir na tri suidhe darepsad na berlasa lagin lug sunradhach dianad ainm Euotena ciuitas.
Cia hanmand tra na ceinel o forglenta na mberla-sa? Ni ansa amh.

Beithin, Saithin, Scuit, Guit, Gailb, Gearin, Pointain, Paimp, Moidil, Morain, Iuid, Sicil, Lugail oigu (?), Hircain, Cigir, Ciglaid, Creid, Coir[-]sic, Sardain, Sigil, Reid, Reir, Roid, Romain, Mair, Masail, Breatain, Boid, Maguich, Mogaidh, Armoin, Aman, Gairge, Mair, Maigadoin, Morcain, Nairn, Narmais, Narboin, Norith, Nobith, Barais, Bethain, Britain, Galaid, Ach[-]aid, Athain, Teasalda, Airt, Allain, Albain, Hircain, Oigeduil, Guith, Greig, Easpain, Guith, Grindi, Sairni, Frainc, Freisin, Longbair, Ladic, Laigemoin, Eisil, Traigi, Troianda, Dardain, Dalmaid, Daic, Eitheoip, Egipht, Braghmain, eagda.


Aigsin (?) tra in lin berla badar acco ag sil Adhaimh and sin re comairem.

Fear tra gacha berla dona hilberlaibh-sea.

Fa he lin na sgoile 7 tri suidhi, 7 roffaeideadh gach fir dibh le berla.
(cit. 1,4) 7 ni gach comhchineol dacuaidh and don foghluim sin act is cach gomberlaibh,

(cit. 1,4) amal roghabh (lim anos-sa (?) ar deismireact .i.) Caei Caeinbreatach, dalta Feiniusa, indara deisci//pal LXX na sgoile,

(cit. 1,6) fa d’Eabraraibh a bhunadhus 7 ba gu hEaeaiptagdaibh rofaeidheadh,

fabith fa hand robadar a tuismidhi bh odeisi- asandi[-] (?)


conad o shein adbert-sim i curp liubair:

(cit. 1,4) Is cach comberlaib dacuaid and 7 ni cach go comhceoineoil dacuaidh dochum a criche.

* VII mbliadhna robadar na deiscipail fora a cuairt, 7 teora bliadhna doibh ag taeisbheanad a ngresa a bus iar tiactain, comdar a X samhlaidh, conadh desin adbersam tis i curp liubair:

(cit. 1,3 = 1036/1037) cind deich mbliadhna iar sgaeileadh on tur

dareipead a mberla-sa.
Bai tra V fear ar XX fa huaisliu dib. Is e a n-anmada sein foratad feadha 7 taebhomhnadha in oghuim:

Bouel, Loth, Foraind, Saliath, Nabdagon;

Hiruath, Dauith, Tailemon, Cai, Calep;
Moriath, Gadh, Gomher, Sru, Rumen;

Acabh, Oise, Uriath, Easau, Iachim, Etrocus, Oirdinos, Melicus, Iudaneos, Efraim.


Na cuig feadha oireagdha in oghuim, is on cuig fear fa huaisli dib rohainmnigid.

Adberat araeile dano ad VII feadha oireagdha filet and, 7 is on morsheisir fa huaisli an rohainmnightea. * It e na fhidh rofotmogair fri na V suas * * [ea oi].

Caidhi log 7 aimsear 7 pearsu 7 tugaid scribind in Uraiceapa? Ni ansa. Log do emh Eamhain Mhacha, 7 a n-aimsir Concubhair mic Neasa airrict, 7 Feircirtne fili darindi dabreith aesa fuind forrseis. Ceand Fhaelad mac nAeilella roathnudhaigheasdair i nDaire Luraina n-aimsir Domhnaill mic Aedha mic Aimireach maille re hurmor in berla.

(= Rec. C 2635/40)

Adberaid araeile co madh aenleabhar int Uraicep uile, 7 co madh heseo a log aimsearadh ule anuas.

Adbearad araeile co nach aenleabhar, acht liubahair imdha, 7 ni hinand log-aimsearadh doibh. Is ed an log-aimsearadh in c-liubhair iarsin cedfaidhsea Daire Lurain, 7 aimsear Domhnaill mic Aedha, persu do Ceandfaelad mac Oilella, tugaid a dhenmha a incind Dhearmaid da bein a Cindfhaelad i cath Mhuighi rath. Ceathru buadha in chatha sinMaighi Rath, .i. maidhm for Conghal ina ghae ria nDomhnall ina fhirindi; 7 Suibhni Geilt da dul for gealtacht ara med da laeidhibh daroine; 7 in fear d’feraibh Alban da breith in fir d’feraibh Ereann ina cois tar muir leis gan aireghudh .i. Dubdead a ainm; 7 a incind dabuain a cind Cindfaelad mic Oilella ar med fil- 7 do breitheamnus 7 da leigeand daleasaig.

(2,1) Ataat di ernail forsin apgitir Laitindai, .i. guttai 7 consona.









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