Incipit Auraicept na nEges i. eraicept



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.i. lethguttai 7 mútti.

(2,4) Inna lethguttai cétamus,

.i. ‘f, l, [2905] m, n, r, s, x’,

a tuistidi remib,

Cia adupramar gu rab lethguta ‘f’, ni fir sin acht is ed o guth 7 ni hedh o fogur

(2,5) in mútti immurgu,

.i. ‘b, c, d, g, h, k, p, q, t’,



a tuistidi ina ndegaid do suidib.

(2,3) di ernail dano .i. da firdegail forna consanaiph cumaidhi lasin Laitneoir

.i. lasin lethanfoirithin [2910] .i. iarsinni foirius in Laitneoir gach red isin Laitin, no Laitneoir .i. laithreoir .i. iarsinni laithres co treorach, no Laitneoir .i. onní is Latinatas, no Laitneoir .i. litirthreoraid no leghtreoraid no lethantoirnit.
(2,3) lethguta .i. lethghotha focerdad dia fo­grugad no luitguth no [2915] luaidhit guth no leth­gu­thait no lethguthsédh no lethguthfotha.

7 ni hiersinni comad leth gotha go cert no­­beith inntib acht nad roichit lanfogur,

ut Priscianus dixit: “seime dei seime viri dicuntur sed quia qui demeidiam partim deorum vel virorum habent sed qui pleni dei [2920] vel viri non sunt” .i. cia raiter lethdei no leth­fhir, ni hiersinni baitis lethdei no lethfhir acht na tot comh­lana,

sic na lethguta ni dod comlana

[.i. amal ata a mbaili oile “Quicuit in duas partes dividitur, altera pars semis dicet” .i. secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip, raiter indara rand [2925] co rab leth cin cob cudruma.]

sic na lethguta nidot comlana, ud Donatus vel Priscianus dixit: “seme vocales sunt que per se quidim proferuntur et per se sillabam non fa­ci­unt”, 7 reliqua: Atat na leth guta ni hi do­­­turg­bat treotha fein 7 nidenait sillaib treotha fein.

“Quiquid asperum dicitur [2930] auditus expeillit” .i. ­­indarbaid int esticht secip ni raiter co hacarp.

(2,3) Muiti .i. mi-aiti .i. bec ait a fogair, no a muiti .i. muitid a n-aonur, no muiti .i. meto a n-aonar iet, no [muiti .i. moiti Eg.] muiti .i. míiti in guth a mbeth maraon re guthagaib,

no muiti .i. onni is mutus, amlapar .i. ainm do [2935] mnai bailph, 7 uodhside for chat [cach Eg.] n-amlapar 7 assidhie forsnahisi,

7 ni ara ni batis amlabra do raith, ar atat a fogur inntib cid ad beca ut Prisicianus dixit: Informis mulier dicitur no quia caret forma, sed qui[a] male formata est .i. adberat in bansgul dodhelpha 7 ni he sin ni tsechmallus [2940] o deilph acht drochdealph fuirre tantum. Is amlaidh sin [iarum Eg.] na muiti ni tat nemfogair acht ar terci a bfogair inntib nama.

No muiti .i. mifotha indsin ar thanacht 7 [ar Eg.] etroime a fogair, ut Donatus dixit: Mutae sunt que nec per se proferuntur et per se [2945] sillabam non faciunt .i. atat na muiti acht nocha denait int sillaib treotha fein 7 nocha turgbat treotha budeisin.

(2,4) Ina lethguta cetumus .i. in cetna mes brethemhnus, no don cetna hamus forsinn aisneis, no don cetna hai for seis, no don cetna hai fis, no co na ba heiccen a taithmech iter [2950] a menma thaithmigher in timarr ‘o’ fil a[c] clusail na muiti, ar is ‘o’ quidem ata cechtar de.

(2,4) A tuisdige .i. an luchd ota a tuismed .i. na fedha oirechda do suidhiph .i. dona haib adhaip .i. dona caingnibh dligtechaib no for suidhiph no do suidhiph .i. doipsidhe.

A tuisdige .i. an lucht o ata a [2955] tuisdige .i. tesargain no a tinnsgna .i. na guthaigi.

Cid ara nd-epertsum (2,5) a tuistigi ina ndiaig, masa tustaigi in tinsgetal, uair ni gnath in tinsgetal fa deoigh. [Ni hedh eimh is ail dosum ar mad tuisdighe acht madh in aei roseichiustar ina menmain .i. in dliged gotha fil i dtocht [2960] na lethguta do airisim leis fa deoigh Eg.] 7 an dliged consanachta fil inntib fa deoigh do chur uad prius.

(2,6) Nirbu immaircide són lasin nGoídel mac Eithiuir (2,7) armbad aicned dóib díb línaib: a nguth remib 7 ina ndegaid, (2,8) air is ed robo immaircide la suide (2,9) combad a toísech doairesedar lais 7 a ndéidenach do chur úad, (2,10) conat mútti uili in beithe-luis-nin ind oguim acht feda nammá.

(2,6) nir po himairgidi son .i. nir ba himaruga son .i. togaidi .i. nir bo heim airec suadh son .i. nir bo himaireachtain suadh son .i. sillab fortormaigh.

Cid ar narpo (2,6) himarccide son lasin nGaoidel, .i. [2970] lasin ngaoth dul .i. an fer aga raibi in dul gaoth.

(2,7) ar mad aigned no ar mad aigenti
(2,7) doip dib lionaiph .i. dona lethgutaiph 7 dona muitibh.
.i. remaibh dona lethgutaib et ina ndiaigh dona muitibh.

Ata acht lem and chena iss ed ropui eimh airechta suad laisium on comad a IX rosheich[2975]ustar ina menmain .i. in guthaige fil isin lethguta noairised lais fo deoigh 7 an deigenach do cur uadh .i. in deigenach fuach do choir ai int suad .i. in tdaopomna do cur ar tus co na m[b]a miait lapartha ata bitheolus literda ind ogaim

(2,10) acht fedha nama per enistrafen a ainm lasin Laitneoir [2980] .i. tria deigenach impod amal ata ‘el, le’ nobeith and 7 ‘en’ comad ‘ne’ nobeith and.

Cid ar mad ferr laisim a mbeth comdis muiti uile ina mbeth comdis lethguta 7 muiti, amal robatar agin Laitneoir? Ni ansa.


Ar seichimh nGreg, ar ni filet lethguta leoside, ar robad do Greigaip [2985] do Feinius; no dono is ar uaisli uird na nGrec no na nguthuigedh fri suidiugud a n-uord focal, ut dicitur: Oimne uile prius ponitur et oimne bonum postponitur .i. samaigther 7 gach [ndereoil ar tús 7 cach Eg.] maith fa deoig et gach sainemail co forbha.

(2,7) ar mad aiccenta .i. ar mad dliged [2990] togaide, no madh ai gnithi diph linaiph .i. dona lethgutaib 7 dona muitibh.

Ciarpo himaircide isna muitibh nir bo hedh isna lethgutaib. Roimhe isna lethguthaigib ‘na ndeoigh .i. isna muitiph nir bo himairgide son et nir puo coir son, et nir po hecoir son.

(2,8) Ar is ed roba himairccide [2995] lasuidhe (2,9) comad touisech doairised lais, et in deigenach // (2,10) do chur uadh co na muiti uile beithi-luis-nin an ogaim acht fedha nama.

(2,8) la suidhi .i. lasin suidh .i. la Gaidel mac Eithiuir, no comad o Gaoidel Glas mac Niuil [meic Feniusa Farsaidh om. Eg.] nohainmnigther Gaidelg, no la [3000] suidi .i. laisidhe, co mad a tuisech do airisiodh lais .i. go mad inndi is tuisech .i. guthaigi agin Laitneoir isna lethguthagaib noairised lais .i. nobeth fo deoig inntip uile lethguthaigi 7 go mad isin guthaige nobeth forpa na cantana indiph 7 in deigenach do cur uad ar tus .i. muiti conach muiti uile [3005] .i. co nach a ngne muiti uile.

Ata bitheolus literda an oguim acht fedha nama .i. a tinsgetal uadaibh fen 7 a forpa i nguthagaiph. Cinnus is fir sin, ar ni a nguthagoiph forpaigter uile, ut est ‘f, s, n’ et reliqua, 7 is eidir na muiti a tinsgetul uadaiph fein 7 a forpa a nguthagaibh cidh [3010] uadhaibh fein tinsgantar [tinscainter Eg.]. Ni a nguthagaiph forphaighter. Ni insa. Ni thapair int ugdar in airemh a fil on guthaigi sis acht amal bid ‘fhe’ .i. ‘fern’, no ‘ne’, .i. ‘nin’, no ‘saoi’ .i. ‘sail’ nopedh and, no ni mo ni ar[a] n-apar muiti risna muitib quam ara dtinsgetul uadaiph [3015] fein, 7 ata do litriph an ogaim sin, 7 ni heiccen co mad aisdi do ierraidh do litrib ind ogaim 7 do muitibh na Laitne, ar is a nguthagoip forbaigter-side do gres. ’Na nguthagtaibh immorro forpaigter ‘f, s, n’; forpaigter immorro litri ind ogaim a nguthagaip, ut est ‘beithi, tinne’ 7rl.; 7 a [3020] lethguta, ut est ‘luis, fearn’ 7rl. A muitib, ut est ‘uad, quert’. Muiti iat, ar is o muiti tinsganait acht feda nama. 7 mad iadside is o guthagaiph tinsganait.

(3,1) Insce trá: cis lir insci dochuisin? (3,2) Ni ansae: a tri .i. ferinsce 7 baninsce 7 deminsce lasin nGoídel .i. mascul 7 femen 7 neutur lasin Laitneoir. (3,3) Cest; catte dechor eterru? (3,4) Ni ansae: nosdechrigetar a tri airlainn insce .i. hic hec hoc .i. is é is sí is ed .i. is é in fer is sí in ben is ed a nem.

[3028]

(3,1) Insge tra orasio uel sginnsia a bunad Laitni // .i. a indi sgiensia .i. a inde fesa,

no indi sin ier cai .i. [3030] ier conair, no inniscai .i. cai innisti neich a inne. (= 3138/3140)

A airpert .i. erlapra no rad 7rl.

Coitcend a thapairt for cech innsge iter ciallaide no neamciallaide, saorda 7 aigenta. Dilius a tapairt for gach [n-insce Eg.] n-aiccenta iter ferinnsgi 7 baninnsgi. Ruidlius a tapairt for gach [3035] ferinsge aiccenta nama, ar is fer toisech do rad innsge .i. Adam dixit: Ecce ous de osibus meis et cara de carne mea .i. adcimsus [.i. adcimsi Eg.] cnaimh dom cnamhaibh 7 feoil dom feoil. Indlius a tapairt for innsgi tsaorda.

(3,1) tra .i. dorae uain .i. dorae innsge cuccaind .i. aisneis [3040] iar n-indisin aipcitre,

no tra .i. tri .i. na tri hinnsge, fer, ban, deme.

(3,1) cis lir .i. cia ler, no cia lin .i. se himcomairsnig airme filet lasin nGaidel, a tri a n-ilar, a tri a n-uathad. [It e cetus na tri a n-ilar, cislir, cidne, caidiet om. Eg.] It e dono a tri n-uathad, cesc, cuin, cid. [3045] (3,1) Docuisin .i. douisim innsge, no docuisin .i. do coi sin, .i. don conair sin, no don coi innisin, no d’fis cuinngid fair, no disgnaigter, no tarrustar.

(cf. 3,1/3,2) Cia lion atat na hinnsge (sin)? Ni ansa. .i. ni handsa lasin saidh indsin, no ni anond said ag [saei in Eg.] son, no ni handsa son .i. ni [3050] doiligh.

(3,2) A tri .i. ier n-airem. Atat dano tri hernaile for nuimir .i. i[n] nuimir anfoirphti amal ata a tri no a cuig ar ni fasand o quoitibh. Nuimir foirpti immorro amal ata a se, ar tairisigh co cóir a gcoitibh .i. aon a tseissed, a do a trien, a tri a leth. Ant aon ierum 7 na do et na tri, [3055] a se sin .i. a haon fo se, a do fo tri, a tri fo do, 7 airemh foirpti sin, uair airisid coir ‘na coitibh. Nuimir oullforpthi immorro amal ata a dó dec, oir is he i sé déc fasait estiph .i. a haon a oile dec, a do a seissed, a tri a cethraime, a cethair a trien, a se a leth, amal rogaph a [3060] do dec a haon ierum, 7 na do et [na Eg.] tri a se sin, a // cethair iar [sin Eg.] conid [a Eg.] deich samlaid, et ina se iarsin conid a se dec samlaidh conid nuimir andsin is uille ara bunad tria na coitidhecht n-airme .i. trie taithmech a lethae i coitidhe. Is cach coititi is rannoigi [3065] et ni gach rannaighe is coitige dano.

(3,2) ferindsgi .i. ferrda a n-indsge .i. ferr ina indsge na mna, no firindsge, no firenindsge, no foirindsge iarsinni foirius im dula do luga, no uir innsge .i. a uiro, no fir innsge na mna pios indsge ind fir dano.

(3,2) panindsge .i. bona indsge .i. indsge maith, no bo indsge [.i. fo indsce Eg.] in fir bios indsge na mna, no bannda indsge .i. indsge bannda indsin, no banindsge .i. firindsge .i. banfir indsin.

(3,2) deimindsge .i. deimin indsge, no doeim innsge fuirri [3075] o neoch oile, no do ouma indsge .i. indsge do duine, ar is duine raidius,

no in deime fil and, is on brethir is demo digbaim, ata, ar rodigbait fuirre in dedha remainn, no demhoe cech neotar lasin Laitneoir is deime laisin bfilid nGaoidelach,

no deimindsge .i. indsg[e] dembeoaighthi [3080] .i. ni hi hindsge sloinnius do phiu. Deimindsge dano .i. indsge neotur. (= 3135/3138)

(3,2) masgul .i. mo a sgel no a sgoul quam in feimen,

no [mascul .i. mas fer 7 cul coimet,

no mascol mo a fis 7 a col quam an femen,

no Eg.] onni is masgolínus mascaldo. [3085]

(3,2) feimen .i. foimin .i. fo fir,


no femin onni is femur, sliasat, ar as and is ben [sí Eg.] intan fognaigther die sliasait,
no feme Grecio, id est uirgo Latina, der Greco .i. filia Latine,

Feimder dono .i. ogh-ingen,

no onní is femininus .i. feimenda, no feimder dono, no flesgda no [3090] maothcnesach dicitur,

onní is femen femenina .i. bannda no banecusgda no bangnimach no bangneithech.

(3,2) neutur .i. ni fidir cía cinel, uair nach se (no) nach si, no neutur // onni is neutrum .i. nemnechtarda nec masgulionum nec feminionum, nec [h]oc nec illat, no neumtor ni masgal ni [3095] feimin.
Cesc, (3,3/3,4) Caiti deochair etorra .i. cia hait ata etourra .i. iter da aoi, no cia hait ita degcorugud etorra .i. iter da ai nos-deilighther .i. nos-dedualoigther.

A tri herlanda indsge is e is i is ed .i. is he in fer, is i in ben, is ed in [3100] neum.

Cesc .i. cia haisg, onni i[s] sciscor

.i. comarcim.

(3,4) a tri herloind .i. a tri firloind, no a tri erlaind, no a tri remhsloind.

Cuin is urland, cuin is indsge, cuin is etargairi? Is he, [is i, iss edh: indsci emh intan itberor Eg.] [3105] nama gan araill imaille fris.

Urlond eim antan dobeire fria araill, ut est ‘is he in feur’. Etargaire dono iter feimen et masgul 7 neutur, no is etargaire dono intan dechraigi fria nech aile co n-anmaim a athar sainriud, ut dixit mac Lonain:

Uinnsi cugut in gillcucan, [3110]

Mac rergoccain,

Pid gach maith ara cionnccoccan,

A chendgoccain.


Urland ria n-urland 7 urland iar n-urland 7 urland [3115] inand iter da urland nach it inanda.

Urland rie n-urland quidem, iní rie se, no rie sí, no re séudh. Erland ier n-urland .i. in se, no in si, no in sedh.

Urland inand iter da urlaind nach it inanda .i. in se inand fil in gach focul, ni herlond is achd reimtsuidugud, no is ‘fri se’ no [3120] ‘fri sedh’.

(3,4) tri herlonda indsge .i. tri remsloind .i. tri sloinnti rempa riasna hindsgibh .i. is se, is si, is edh achd at urlanda, it indsgi, it etargaire .i. it remtsloinnti dona foclaip ina ndegaid 7 indsge feimin 7 masgal 7 neuotur tig ina ndeoigh eitirdeiligthi treotha. (= 616/620)

Ata dono [3125] dedha in gach indsge .i. aiccenta 7 ealadha.

Feirindsge aigenta: ‘is he in fer’, feirindsge tsaorda: ‘is he i[n] nemh’. //Ba[n]indsgi aigenta: ‘is i in ben’, bainindsgi tsaorda: ‘is i in cloch’. Deimindsgi aigenta: ‘is ed i[n] nemh’.

Aigned caom and 7 aigned [3130] n-eitig. Aiccned caom cetumus: ‘is i sron no suil na mna’. Aiccned n-eitigh: ‘is e (no is i) fiacail no bel na mna’, et cail gotha fodera sin et ni ni achd nemhgnathugud, amal atat na focuil perla nat-aithgeunam, ni bind lind uair nis-gnathoigim,

ar ni bind la nech ni nach [3135] gnathoigend.

No in deime fil and, is oni is demo ita, ar rodipad fuirre in dedha remaind, no deme cech neutur lasin bfilid nGaidelach. Deimhindsge .i. indsge neutur. (= 3076/3081)

Insge tra sgieinsia a bunad Laitne. Sgothecna a airpert. In inniscoi a hinne .i. coi conair, conair indiste neich: conair .i. gan fher no gan ar. (= 571/573, 3028/3030)

Insge tra intan ismberar se nama cen araill imalle fris, ut Priscianus dixit: Oracio est ordinacio congruam dixionim profectarum scentenciarum demonstrans .i. ata ind indsge ina hordugud comimairccide na n-epert foillsigius in cheill foirpti. (= 588/592)


(3,5) Cest: cuin immairicc eter [3145] in insci .i. an foghar 7 in dúil día n-indisin? .i. an diail, et is he sin an red fomamoighti .i. comaircim. Cuin is eimh irrochtain suad iter in indsge agus in duil dia n-indisi?

(3,6) Ni ansae: intan fedar a hinsce chóir fuirri. .i.

(3,7) Ni immaircide immurgu itir eterru intan fedar insce for a n-aill [3150] .i. ferinsce for baninsci no baninsce for ferinsci no deminsce for nechtar n-aí.

Imaric .i. imaric .i. eim airechtain a n-ai .i. iter in indsge 7 in duil. Duil .i. diail, (3,6) fedair .i. athtairgither, no fedhair .i. fiadhair .i. aisneter indsge coir, ut est:

Samail a dealpha, gan cleith, [3155]

Elpa ingine Fidaidh,

Fri gour grene glaine ar gurt,

Is fris tsamhlaim a caomhcucht. //

(3,7) Ni himaircide .i. ni heim aireachta iter i n-ai .i. iter in [3160] indsge 7 in duil .i. indisi oile fair achd indisi coir.

(3,8) Fedair ém ferinsce for baninsci intan asmberar in banmac-sa,



ut dicitur:

Die mad meisi in banmacam,

Ni cechraind nach fealmacan: [3165]

Fer nat-finntar go gcloinnter,

Slanceill cein dib, a muinter.

(3,9) Fedair dano baninsce for ferinsci intan asmberar is sí in gabar.



ut dixit:

Is i in gopar tan is each, [3170]

Is he in gabar cid meglech,

Is i in corr cid reil nus-reill,

Is he in menntan gid banen.

(3,10) Fedair dano deminsce for ferinsci no baninsci intan asmberar is ed a cenn sech is cenn fir ón [3175] no mná.

Deimhindsge for ferindsge quidem, ut est:

Is e in daigh dergdighe dath

Fris nach gapar cath no cioth;

Iss ed cend is caoime cruth

Fil go mbrath for braoine in bith. [3180]

Deimindsge for banindsge, ut dixit:

Cend mna romandair mo modh,

Don-farraid duin, ni deilm ndil;

Is ed cend is grainde ind sin

Do neoch fil for muin fo nim. [3185]

Ferindsge for banindsge, ut dixit Colum Cille fri hinccin Aodha mic Gaphrain:

Alaind damna marphain bain

Doching tar airther in lair,

Mac marph et ua aroile, [3190]

Is mairg recfus dia aire //

(3,11) Fedair dano baninsce for deminsci intan asmberar is sí in chloch, is he an lia, ut est hicc:

Is e in lia, lith rolas,

Iar srethaib suadh in senchas; [3195]



(etc., 3196/3200 skipped).

[3201] Ata tra amlaid sin aigned et saordatu in gach indsge, ar atae da modh laparda fil and .i. mod aigenta et modh saorda.

(628/638 = 3203/3220 )

Atat dano ceithri fodla tsaordataid .i. deichfer raindi 7 tugait mbindiusa 7 cuimre raid 7 iolugud [3205] laparda.

Deichfer rainde cetumus amal rogaph ‘is he an banmac so’ .i. don roind oighi fil isinn ingin is ainm.

Tucait mbindiusa, amal ata ‘is i in gobar’ et d’eoch ban is ainm .i. goour, solus isin mBretnus, go dtug an file ‘b’ fris ar tucait mbindiusa.

Iolugud laparda, amal ata ‘iss ed [3210] in cend’, sech is liaiti a n-irlapra.

Cuimri raid, amal ata ‘rusg ime 7 criathar arba 7 leastar uisgie’, ar robad eimilt rusg im imb 7 criathar im arpar 7 lestur im uisgi do rada.

Gabar intan is trie ailm quaisi caper is ed rotruailled and; gobar tria onn .i. don eoch is nomen son 7 is Combrec. Ro[3215]truailled goor, cach solus, a suidhe unde dicitur gobar donn eoch giuol. Cidh nach dath oile bes fair, is in ech die mbe bec do giul and is gobar a nomen, ar is asan dath is airechdam bes and nominatur. Rotuill an file Gaoidelach ‘b’ fair no and, ar rob aille leo ‘gobar’ quam [3220] ‘goor’ unndi dicitur gobar nominatur.

Atad dono indsge and ata coitcend iter ferindsce 7 banindsge, ut est ‘Flann no Cellach no Buodach’. Phidh dono // indsgi qumusda isin [Gaidilc, amal bis an cenel cumassu isin Eg.] Laitin, ut est ‘in menntan et an truid 7 in coirr’, [3225] ut dicitur:

Is he in minntan cid boinend, cid firend.

(3,12) Mad íar n-urd chóir na ndúla, immurgu, niba ainm ferinsce no baninsce acht du neoch douisim .i. fer 7 ótuisemar, .i. beun 7 ba deme a n-aicned [3230] uile olchena.

Atat dano da ernail for tuismiud .i. tuismiud saorda 7 tuismiud aigenta.

Tuismiud saorda cetomus .i. fer o toalmain 7 luibi, ar is ní don talmain fein an fer, ut est ‘espa in talman muna tuismed clanda’, 7 pa deime chena .i. [3235] pa sloind neutur int uile aiccenta archena, ut est Pompeus dixit: Omnium rerum uocabaloum aut corparailium [aut incorporalium Eg.] sexu naturaliter carencium per arteim Graciam e[s]se asgribimus, hoc est ne utrum .i. nec masgolinum nec feimininum, ut est h[a]ec iusticia, h[a]ec ueritas. [3240] Consinsius dicit: Quiquit per naturam sexsus non assignat neutrum habere oportet set ars qui uoluit gignere seu liquenda seu dicenda asgribsit .i. iar saordataid.

Cid inní is aiccenta raiter suond? Ni ansa. Foillsiugisgtair go n-apair: Natura quae motatur per tempera nec uairitatur nec [3245] separabitur et natura non est quiquid motatur et non sdaire uidetur et quaecumque extrinsecus accidundur sed quae constant in sé, ud sdabilitas in terra, gurbitas in lapedebus, umeditas in acqua, claritas in aere, calar in ingne.

(3,13) Doepenar dano deminsce a ferinsci no a baninsci. (3,14) [3250] Doepenar dano ferinsce no baninsce a deminsci amal atá isnaib réimennaib 7 it é sin na deme thepide 7 na lánamna demi 7 a ngeni-side.

It e andso deismerachta in deime teiphighe isnahaibh reimendaibh .i. cend 7 cride fulaing a deime deiphide a ndetbir diplanaib. // [3255] Lanamna in cind suil 7 fiecail, lanamna an cride sreband 7 cru, lanamna in fulaing lurcca 7 troig. Geine dono ina lanamna deime: gene na sul .i. abrachtur 7 malo, gene na fiecal bun 7 leithe, geine int [s]rephaind tanoigecht 7 dath .i. baine 7 glaisi, geine in cride tigi 7 dath beos .i. ruade [3260] 7 deirge.

(4,1) Secht n-etargaire trá dochuisin.i. disgnaigter .i. [Eg.] a ngrád condeilg lasin Laitneoir is etargaire a n-ainm lasin filid.

(4,2,1) Etargaire n-inchoisc i persainn; (4,2,2) etargaire n-inchoisc phersaindi; (4,2,3) etargaire persainde i ngním; (4,2,4) etargaire persainde [3265] i césad .i. caisacht antan is maith, ciacht intan is oulc;

(4,2,5) etargaire derscaigthe i nderscugud .i. poisit, comparait 7 superlait laisin Laitneoir, fothugud et fourran et fourmoulad lasin bfilid: maith et ferr et ferrsoun lasin nGaidel;

(4,2,6) etargaire méite i mmétugud .i. mor et moo et [3270] moosoun;

(4,2,7) etargaire lugaigthe i lugugud .i. pec et luga et lugasoun;

(4,3) Etargaire n-inchoisc i persainn cétumus: uind-se uind-si ondar. (4,4) Etargaire n-inchoisc phersaindi: mé fadén tu fadén fadén sinni fadesin sibsi fadesin siat-som fadesin.

(4,1) Sechta .i. seiptim a bunad Laitne. Secht n-ai a inde no sechtai (= 3505/6),

i[s] soigti [3275] dia mbe a n-eolus.

(4,1) etargaire .i. isin etechtu ita .i. isin sechtmad ernail in Uraicioptou, no isin sechta ita in conndelc .i. in caindeiliugud, ut est: Pars pro toto et totom pro pairte .i. rand tar eis na toiti et in toit tar eis na rainde. [3280]



etargaire .i. eitercoraigti .i. eiterdeiffrigti, no etargaire .i. eiterdeiligti a treidiph, no etargaire .i. gair guth .i. etergnougud in gotha andsin, no etergleithi .i. gleas etarro,

no etargaire .i. edargleodh iar ngleodh a fesa etorra: in gradh onni is gradus .i. ceim.

(4,1) coindelg .i. [3285] caindeiligti, no comdheiligte ar in gcoindeilg uile, ut est: Pars pro toto et totum pro parte.
Cid ar nach treide lasin Laitneoir in coindeilg, amal is tredi lasin phfilid in // etargoire?

Is treidi eim lasin bfilid .i. mét et inde 7 incosg. Et adbeurait aroile fouirend and nach bfil acht [3290] deidhe nama agan Laitneoir .i. inde et met: et bonus et malus, is i in inde [Is edh a inde immorro lasin nGaidel .i. maith 7 olc Eg.].



Magnus et paruus, is i an mét
.i. mour et bec .i. is mor laissium in bec i gcondeilg neich is lugha.

Incousg immorro icon pfilid ni conndelg side lasin [3295] Laitneoir acht pronomen 7 dopriathar.

Cid fodera dossum a radh (4,1) a ngrad conndeilge lasin Laitneoir, is etargaire a ainm lasin bfilid? Ar ni filit acht tri graid conndeilge agin Laitneoir, 7 atat secht n-etargaire icon pfilid.

Ní da cudruomogud eim dosum ani adbersiom [sin Eg.], acht is [3300] fior a mbeith amlaidh.

Is ed [sin Eg.] ata etargoire lasin filid is conndelg lasin Laitneoir .i. etargaire derrsgaighti a nderrsgugud, ar ni gach etargaire is grad conndeilgi acht etargaire derrsgoigti a nderrsgugud. Is cach grad conndeilge is eutargaire, no ar ni leithe conndelg oldas [3305] eutargaire.

(4,1) file .i. fel sai no fial sai, no file onni is filososubus .i. fe feallsoum, ar dlegar don filid feallsamhnacht aigi, no file .i. fi ani aorus, 7 li anni molus, no file .i. [it Eg.] fele ai, ar dlegar de ar is ed nodus-saora, feile dano indracus nos-ditne [3310] an file 7rla, no file a flectendis carminibus, no file .i. fel sai, sai fhoglama, amal ata felmac, no file .i. fi a oumna 7 li a danu fair, no file .i. fial do aei, no file .i. fi oulc 7 li maith .i. moulad 7 aorad. Cubhaidh cia fhasus deisidhe ainm in fhilid dia fhognat. [3315]

Cid ar mad conelcc lassium in poisit, uair nocha derrsgugud do ní?

Ni ansa. Ar o is i is foutha 7 ata derrsgugud dhi, ut dicitur airim frie hunair, ut est: Unus non est numerus set fundamentum numeri .i. nocha nfuil int aonni conid airim acht ata conid fotha airme, 7 // [3320] amal ata deach icon bfilidh .i. dialt, ni deach side(n) fodheisin cid la deachaiph atrimther, et tria tsaordatait indsin .i. int alt aigenta immorro do posit: posit a positus .i. suidhiugte.

Cid ar mad ainm compariti doberitsim arin gcoindeilcc uile? Ni ansa. Posit cetumus: ni dersgaig [3325] do ni.

Comparit immorro seoch derrsgaigid do neoch 7 derrsgaigther di.

Superlait immorro ni derrsgaigther di,

conid airisin is ainm foriata in conndelg uile.

Atberat araile foirend connach dersgaighther do comparit acht do posit derrsgaigit araon .i. comparit et superlait. Bec brab[3330]beirius comparit, mor brab-beirius superlait.

Caiti conndelg cheille cen soun?


bonus melior optimus.
Coindelg suoin cen cheill, ut est: Virgilus, Virglior, Virglisiumus no-rad frie sin arai tsouin, 7 ni bfuil connelg arai cheille and, ar ni conndelgter anmanda dilsi do gres, [3335] acht is cruthugud frie fousgadh andsin.

Coindelg souin gan cheill, bonus bonior bonimus: nobiad sin iar soun et ni bfuil iar gceill.

Coindelg suin 7 ceilli imalle, amal ata fortis fortior fortissimus, 7 is hi sin in connelg techta.

Coindealg tsoin 7 ceille imalle .i. magnus magior maximus [3340] 7rlo.


Pid dano maith 7 ni bi derrsgugud di, ut bounus deus, fó die [maith dia Eg.].

Bid dano conealg and et ni dia hinne fein dersgaigius, ut est: Mairie Pounticum duilsius est quam setera mairia .i. is somillsi an muir Ponteca oldat na maire oile olchena, 7 ni hiarsani badis [3345] somillsi acht is luga a serbiu.Conndelg cotursna andsin don indsi dono.

(4,3) Etargaire inchouisg i persainde cetumus .i. uindsi uindsie oundar: uindse [no sonnse Eg.] .i. uainse no sonnse, uinnsi .i. uainsi no suinnsi, ondar .i. ander .i. [3350] aund a fir isin nem .i. deus. Uindsie .i. an fer, uindsi an ben, oundar .i. in dem. //

(4,4) Etargaire incouisg persainde .i. me budein tu budein se budein 7rlo, amal adubramar romhaind.

(4,5) Etargaire persainde i ngním: dorignius dorignis dorigni dorigénsam [3355] dorigénsaid dorigénsat. (4,6) Etargaire persainde i césad: .i. a foditen dia n-echtair .i. no-mcharthar-sa no-tcharthar-su carthair-som no-ncarthar-ni no-barcarthar-si cartair-som.

(4,7) Etargaire derscaigthe i nderscugud .i. fouthugud in cetna graidh .i. poisit; forran .i. forrain fair in gradh tanaisi [3360] .i. comparit; fourmoulad .i. form fuilled fair in treas gradh .i. formoulad .i. molad for molad reimhtechtach .i. brabh for in mbrabh toisiuch .i. superlait




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