Stap 1: Leer onderstaande uit je hoofd



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Stap 1: Leer onderstaande uit je hoofd

passive

Tegenwoordige tijd

Nu/feit of gewoonte

Verleden tijd


Afgelopen/tijdsbepaling in de zin

Verleden tijd

Niet afgelopen/geen tijdsbepaling in zin

Toekomende tijd


Zal wel/niet gebeuren

Present Simple

Past Simple

Present perfect

Will

Won’t

I am + voltooid dw

I was + voltooid dw

I have+been+ voltooid dw

I will+be + voltooid dw.

I won’t+be+ voltooid dw.

You are + voltooid dw

You were + voltooid dw

You have+been + voltooid dw.

You will+be + voltooid dw.

You won’t+be + voltooid dw.

He/she/it is + voltooid dw

He/she/it was + voltooid dw

He/she/it has+been +voltooid dw.

He/she/it will+be + voltooid dw.

He/she/it won’t+be + voltooid dw.

We are + voltooid dw

We were + voltooid dw

We have+been +voltooid deelw.

We will+be + voltooid dw.

We won’t+be + voltooid dw.

They are + voltooid dw

They were + voltooid dw

They have+been +volt. Deelw.

They will+be + voltooid dw.

They won’t+be + voltooid dw.

You are + voltooid dw

You were + voltooid dw

You have+been+ voltooid dw.

You will+be+ voltooid dw.

You won’t +be+ voltooid dw.

am/is/are+voltooid deelwoord

was/were + voltooid deelwoord

have/has + been + voltooid deelwoord

will/won’t + be+ voltooid deelwoord

now, at the moment, every day, today

yesterday, in 2010, when he was younger, last night

for, yet, never, ever, just, always, since

tomorrow, in the future, in 2020, next week

Voorbeeldzin (active): Peter and John build a house

Stap 2: Het lijdend voorwerp van de actieve zin komt vooraan in de passive zin en wordt dus vooraan gezet. A house is lijdend voorwerp:

A house

Stap 3: bepaal in welke tijd het werkwoord van de actieve zin staat en pas deze aan naar de passive (je onderwerp verandert nu je het lijdende voorwerp naar voren hebt gehaald). Builds is present simple. A house (nu onderwerp van de passive zin = it). Present simple in de passive = is + voltooid deelwoord. Het voltooid deelwoord van het onregelmatige werkwoord to build = built.

A house (it) is built

Stap 4: Om aan te geven dat iets door iemand is gedaan, gebruik je in het Engels by.

A house is built by Peter and John

Dit is niet altijd belangrijk om in de zin te zetten, soms is het niet eens bekend. Peter and John kun je natuurlijk ook vervangen door, jawel, ZOMBIES!


EXERCISES
Gebruik in de volgende zinnen steeds de passive. Let op de vorm van be.

Vb. Yesterday I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(ask) to do a presentation

Yesterday I was asked to do a presentation.


  1. Our house WILL BE PAINTED (paint) tomorrow.

  2. The escaped prisoner WAS CAUGHT (catch) late last night.

  3. My dog IS CAUGHT (walk) three times a day.

  4. No solution HAS BEEN FOUND (find) so far.

  5. She was shocked that her husband WAS SEEN (see) with another woman.

  6. You’ll get your results on Thursday, your tests WILL BE MARKED (mark) by then.

  7. All your questions WILL BE ANSWERED (answer) when you see him.

  8. This shampoo IS still TESTED .(test) on animals today.

  9. Harry WAS ATTACKED (attack) by Voldemort when he was a baby.

  10. Voldemort WILL BE BEATEN.(beat) by Harry in the future.

  11. These days, dogs ARE KEPT (keep) in the house most of the time.

  12. The secret message WAS DISCOVERED (discover) last Monday.

  13. My little sister IS BULLIED.(bully) every day!

  14. The exam results WILL BE ANNOUNCED (announce) next week.

  15. Bikes ARE STOLEN (steal) every day.

  16. The Twin Towers WERE DESTROYED(destroy) by terrorists.

  17. These terrorists WERE KILLED (kill) when the planes burnt down.

  18. You ARE REQUESTED (request) to report to the headmaster right now.

  19. The bank robber WILL BE RELEASED .(release) tomorrow, after serving 10 years in prison.

  20. A lot of people WERE HURT (hurt) in the fire last year.


1. Engels: Passive
2. Nl lijdende vorm, passief
3. Vorm: be + voltooid deelwoord
4. Gebruik: als het niet bekend of

niet belangrijk is wie iets doet.

Nl zinnen met “worden”.
5. Vb: The dogs are fed daily.

He was killed yesterday.

My room will be redecorated.

The problem has been solved.






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