Stepping Stones 4 vmbo gt Uitwerkingen Vierde editie Noordhoff Uitgevers, Groningen auteurs eindredactie



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Stepping Stones 4e editie 4 vmbo gt, Uitwerkingengroep 12groep 15groep 18





Stepping Stones 4 vmbo gt

Uitwerkingen

Vierde editie

Noordhoff Uitgevers, Groningen


auteurs eindredactie

Charmaine André Mynke Trommelen

Kathleen Brandt-Carey

Björn 't Hart

Carolyn van Koperen-Fredriksz

Eppe Scholtens

Natascha Sewnandan

Shirley Steinvoort

Arnoud Thüss

Mynke Trommelen



Inhoudsopgave
The first lesson 3
Chapter 1 4
Chapter 2 13
Chapter 3 22
Reading Matters A/B 30
Chapter 4 31
Chapter 5 39
Chapter 6 47
Reading Matters C/D 53
The first lesson
Key:

1 Er staan spelfouten in de tekst.

2a Er wordt van klanten verwacht dat ze elke dag tussen 09.00 en 11.00 komen klagen.

2b For complaints customers can go to the office between 9 and 11 am daily.

3a Het betekent dat je alleen in het bad een bad mag nemen, niet erbuiten.

3b For bathing, please use the tub.

4 De zin is grappig omdat er nu staat dat men van vrouwen verwacht dat ze geen kinderen baren (op de wereld brengen) in de bar.

5 Deze zinnen zijn grappig omdat er nu staat dat je de dieren niet mag voeren, maar als je dan toch eten bij je hebt, je dat beter aan de bewaker kunt geven (voeren).


2 This exercise has no key.
3 Key:
Engelse uitdrukking Nederlandse vertaling
A man's home is his castle. Eigen haard is goud waard.

Actions speak louder than words. Geen woorden maar daden.

In for a penny, in for a pound. Wie A zegt, moet ook B zeggen.

It's raining cats and dogs. Het regent pijpenstelen.

The first step is the hardest. Alle begin is moeilijk.

It's the last that straw breaks the camel's back. De druppel die de emmer doet overlopen.


De vertalingen zijn heel anders dan de Engelse zinnen.
4 This exercise has no key.
Chapter one: What's new?
1 This exercise has no key.
A
2 Key:

1 een teambuilding kamp

2 leerlingen bewust maken van elkaars culturen, gebruiken en gewoontes.

3 Example key: Ja, het lijkt me leuk om mensen met verschillende achtergronden beter te leren kennen. Ook houd ik van survivallen.


3 Key:

1 De jongens hadden het juist koud.

2 Er lag juist geen tapijt op de vloer in de wc.

3 Ian steekt zijn duim omhoog, maar hij vond kroketten juist niet lekker.

4 Alec kust de man op de wang, maar hij vindt handen schudden en 'hallo' zeggen genoeg.

5 Frieda heeft koffie terwijl ze in de luistertekst juist thee drinkt.


4 Key:

1 Ze hebben tijdens een survival allebei een onderdeel niet gehaald.

2 de vloerbedekking in woningen.

3 Waarom het eten van Nederlandse haring niets voor hem is.

4 Dat het in Nederland allemaal heel anders geregeld wordt.

5 Ze verbazen zich er ten zeerste over.

6 Ze was verrast door de sterke smaak ervan in Engeland.
B
5 Key:

1 A: 'Do these inventions sound familiar?'

2 C

3 de bevolking in de gaten te houden.



4 C

5 C


6 C
6 Key:

across

1 powerful

5 famous

8 continent

10 development

11 everyday


down

2 lifetime

3 troublemaker

4 portable

6 exactly

7 movement

9 invention

10 development


C

7 1a This exercise has no key.

1b This exercise has no key.


8 Key:

1

> What is a trend?



< It's a new fashion.

> I don't quite get what you mean.

2

>What's a Rubik's Cube?



< It's a kind of toy.

> I'm not sure how that works.

3

> What do you mean by the Macarena?



< It's a particular type of dance.

> I haven't got a clue.


9 Example key:

1 It's something to play with.

2 I haven't got a clue / the faintest idea.

3 It's a trend / craze.

4 I'm sorry, but I still don't know what you're talking about.

5 They were quite the fashion once / in the 70s.

6 Here they're doing the Hustle.

7 It's a particular type of dance.

8 listening to music.

9 I'm not sure how that works / I'm not sure what you can do with that.

10 Listen to music / It's used for listening to music / You can listen to music on it.

11 Are you saying that he used to wear those?


10 Example key:

1 It's a device to play music with / You can play music on it / It's used for listening to music.

2 Are you saying she / people / women used to wear those?

3 What's a slinky? / What can you do with that? / I'm sorry, but I don't know / understand what you are talking about.

4 I'm not sure / I haven't got a clue / the faintest idea.

5 (I'm sorry, but) I've got no idea what you mean / that word means.

6 That's a particular type of music / a popular style.
11 This exercise has no key.
12 This exercise has no key.
13 Key:

1 spent her youth

2 helpful

3 said no

4 without limits

5 very bad

6 make people notice

7 grew, bloomed

8 money to study
14 Key:

She's going to apply to medical school now that she has finished school.

It's going to be freezing, look outside.

I think we will get the test results soon.

I am moving to Italy, did you know? / I'm not moving to Italy, did you know?

The train leaves at 10.02, don't be late!

Don't worry, I won't be late.

I'm sure we won't finish the test.

I'm not organizing a party tomorrow. / I am organizing a party tomorrow.
15 Key:

1 I'm going to become a florist

2 the party will start / starts

3 I'll take you there

4 what I'm doing

5 I'll ask

6 it's going to rain

7 > I'm visiting the doctor < Don't worry! I'll come

8 won't fail the test
16 This exercise has no key.
17 Example key:

1 My parents are getting a divorce.

2 I don't think that this program will help.

3 I think I am going to pass the test / get high grades.

4 I am coaching / am going to coach the softball team after mid-term.

5 I'll continue to call attention to the needs of my people.

6 I'm going to get my degree in nursing.

7 I am going to become a doctor.


Countries & Cultures
18 Key:

1 Naar Samuel Ellis, de man die in 1782 een taverne op het eiland bouwde.

2 Italianen en Ieren.

3 Passagiers eerste en tweede klas, zolang ze onderweg niet ziek waren geworden.

4 Er was een grotere kans op ziektes door de slechte omstandigheden op de boot.

5 Toeristen gingen het eiland bezoeken. De gebouwen erden gerenoveerd en er werd een museum geopend.

6 Ze kunnen onderzoeken of hun familie vroeger via Ellis Island Amerika is binnengekomen.
19 Key:

1782

Mr Samuel Ellis builds tavern on the island

12 million

More than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954.

1954

Last immigrants pass station / station closed.

2%

Percentage of people that was sent back to their home countries.

1990

Main building opened as a museum.


D
20 Key:

1 questions 3, 4 and 5

2 This exercise has no key.
21 Key:

1 Not too much turbulence

2 I'd love

3 What do you mean by

4 finished with

5 get what you mean

6 go anywhere

7 the opportunity

8 an adult
22 Key:

1 excitement

2 doesn't like school

3 maths


4 didn't expect

5 pay again

6 driver's permit

7 permit


8 16 and 17

9 16


10 old
E
23 Key:

1 A


2 C

3 B


4 B
F
24 Key:

1 a long journey to a new country

2 go on and on

3 even know what it was

4 miss most of all

5 my transition to Kenya so much easier

6 similar to

7 be in our new country


25 Key:




Kenia

US

steden

altijd in de buurt van natuur

enorm groot, lijkt geen eind aan te komen


keuken

geen huishoudelijke apparaten

magnetron en vaatwasser


ontbijt

pannenkoeken en mandozi

ontbijtgranen


natuur waar Jalil van houdt

open vlakten met wilde dieren en prachtige zonsondergangen

kust bij Florida

huisdieren

geen; te weinig ruimte voor


twee honden / Labrador Retrievers / Brownie en Cocoa

schoolvakken

landbouw maakt deel uit van de schoolvakken

één ander vak


G
26 Key:

1 Verhuizen naar een plaats in Alaska, omdat het bedrijf waar haar vader voor werkt daarheen verhuist.

2 Omdat ze uit een groot en hecht gezin komt en nu alleen achterblijft in Californië.

3 Ze gaat studeren.

4 Ze is voelt zich erg onzeker, het gaat allemaal te snel.
27 Key:

1 What's bothering you?

2 I've just failed my finals.

3 I'm fed up with starting over again and again.

4 I'm going to hotel and catering school.

5 I felt terrible after being turned down.

6 I'm absolutely thrilled about getting a place of my own.
28 Key:

1 How did your parents feel the day you moved out (of your parents' house)?

2 I felt awful / terrible when I broke up with my girlfriend.

3 Why are you so fed up with / sick of the current situation?

4 What's wrong / the matter with your sister?

5 She has just failed her driving test.

6 ... he was miserable when he left Kenya.
29 Example key:

Dear Vincent,


Greetings from a warm and sunny Lloret de Mar. We're having a great time, but it's a pity you aren't here. How do you feel about taking care of your mum? You're probably fed up with it, having to do everything yourself as she isn't allowed to get out of bed. I was a bit nervous the day we left, going on holiday without my parents. But we're doing all right on our own. I'm in a really good mood, actually. I've just met a pretty Spanish girl called Pilar. I'm going to take her dancing later tonight, so I'm really excited. Well, I'd better get ready for my date.
Take care,
Christopher
30 Example key:

Dear Sheryl,


My name is Carlijn and I'm from Best in the Netherlands. I'm writing to find out how you've been. How did you feel when your family actually moved to Anchorage? And how do you feel about college now? You can share it all with me. I think sharing your feelings with people is very important. That's why there's also something I want to share with you. I feel miserable because I have no idea what I'm going to do after secondary school.
I really hope you'll write to me.
Kind regards,
Carlijn Smeets
31 Key:

1 Think of people who are still smoking after having sworn they'd give it up. / Or of couch potatoes who wanted to take up sports, but didn't.

2 achieve, succeed
32 Key:

1 This modern version is more expensive than the old one.

2 I didn't have a dog when I was little.

3 Living with my parents was very different from living on my own.

4 We used to have pancakes for breakfast.

5 Computer games were not as realistic as they are now.

6 Tim used to drink coffee before bedtime, but he has given that up.
33 Key:

1 Liz used to eat crisps every day, but she has given that up.

2 In the 1980s computers were bigger than they are now.

3 Twelve years ago Jalil (Hassan) lived in Kenya. / Jalil (Hassan) lived in Kenya twelve years ago.

4 Model X is as expensive as model Y.

5 Socks used to bite my fingers / people, but not anymore / she no longer does that.

6 Bea's/Her dad/ father didn't smoke inside when Bea/she was a baby.
34 Example key:

In my first year at secondary school I looked very different. I used to wear glasses but I now wear contact lenses. The clothes I usually wear now are more fashionable than the jeans and sweatshirts I wore when I was twelve. I think I'm still as fun and outgoing as I was then, but now I go dancing more often, almost every Saturday. And I didn't take street dance classes then. At that time I didn't have my own laptop either. My best friend then used to be Hafida, but not any more. We both used to live here in Leiden but she no longer does, that's why. She moved to Eindhoven two years ago. I have a lot of friends here at school but none of them are as important as my new best friend, Tonisha. I can talk to her about everything, so she's more important. Another important person I have in my life right now that I didn't used to have when I was twelve is my boyfriend Jos.


35 Example key

I used to be terrible at Maths, but, luckily, I no longer am. In the first few months of my first year at secondary school I got nothing but unsatisfactory marks. It made me very unhappy. I hated Maths so much that when they offered me extra lessons I said no. Of course my marks got even worse. As a New Year's resolution I decided to do something about it and after the Christmas Break of that first year I finally followed the extra lessons. Now I'm much better at Maths and I find the lessons more interesting. Because of my high marks for Maths the chances that I will find a nice education or job after secondary school are much bigger.


Grammar
1 Key:

1 I usually work till five o'clock on Fridays.

2 Chloe / She often cooks pasta.

3 I play tennis once a week.

4 My dad / He likes to watch football every Sunday.

5 My brother / He never plays the guitar.

6 He always comes home straight after school.

7 They sometimes take the train from London.

8 My little brother / he never says 'thank you'.

9 My sister / she always studies hard for her exams.

10 The bus / It normally leaves on time.
2 Key:

1 're discussing / are discussing

2 's inviting / is inviting

3 'm talking / am talking

4 are moving

5 's asking / is asking

6 's raining / is raining

7 are working

8 's learning / is learning

9 are watching

10 's coming / is coming
3 Key:

1 is staying

2 is

3 are you going



4 is

5 want


6 'm going / am going

7 'm learning / am learning

8 normally go

9 're spending / are spending

10 'm coming / am coming
4 Key:

1 is buying – are you coming / is going to buy – will you come

2 'll get / will get

3 'll get / will get

4 begins

5 is coming

6 'm watching / am watching

7 won't make it


5 Key:

1 the most exciting

2 bigger than

3 the most interesting

4 better / best

5 the creepiest

6 the most dangerous

7 more beautiful than

8 more adventurous than

9 The coolest

10 more tiring
Test yourself
Checklist
Key:

1 What do you mean by Tamagotchi?

2 I used to have pancakes for breakfast, but not anymore.

3 I'm not sure how that works.

4 I'm afraid we won't be on time.

5 It's a kind of toy.

6 How did you feel the day you broke up with Eric?

7 Living with my parents was very different from living on my own.

8 Special effects were not as convincing as nowadays / they are now.

9 We're visiting our grandparents on Friday.

10 I felt awful / terrible.
Grammar
Key:

1 's / is

2 lives

3 Does he



4 'm / am

5 're / are / must be

6 Do you take

7 've (got) / have (got)

8 riding

9 worse


10 'm taking / am taking

11 most difficult

12 haven't

13 're going to /are going to

14 hope

15 'll do / will do


Vocabulary
Key:

exaggerate

craze

despair


objective

according to

knapsack

convincing

mood

I haven't got a clue


Task
Orientation
Key:

1 Door te zorgen voor gezondere en lekkerdere maaltijden in de schoolkantine.

2 This exercise has no key.

3 This exercise has no key.



Chapter two: Whodunnit?
1 Key:

1 Hij beroofde mensen, met gebruik van een vuurwapen, omdat hij geld nodig had.

2 Zijn vriendin verliet hem.

3 This exercise has no key.


2 1 This exercise has no key.

2 De FBI onderzoekt ernstige criminele activiteiten, zoals geweldsmisdrijven, corruptie, terrorisme.

3 This exercise has no key.
3 Key:

De volgende informatie wordt genoemd:

- De functie van Bradley Thomas (Special Agent).

- Het aantal mensen dat nu voor de FBI werkt (ongeveer 35.000).

- Het laten afnemen van vingerafdrukken zonder dat je iets misdaan hebt (voor een rijbewijs, bijv in Georgia).

- Het soort werk dat je gedaan moet hebben voordat je bij de FBI kunt werken ('accounting, law, police enforcement or the military').

- Hoe de FBI achtergrondinformatie over je inwint (Ze vragen vrienden, collega's en klasgenoten).
4 Key:

1 B


2 B

3 A


4 B

5 B


6 A

7 B
B


5A This exercise has no key.
5B This exercise has no key.
6 Key:

1 B


2 ... geen relevant bewijsmateriaal wordt gevonden.

3 C


4 B

5 De werkelijkheid is veel erger dan wat er op TV te zien is.

6 C

7 A
7 Key:



1 decide

2 incompetent

3 consider

4 protective

5 fake

6 unless
C


8 Key:

1 De vingerafdrukken van Joseph zaten op het bekertje.

2 Dat er een gevecht had plaatsgevonden waarbij Joseph Mr Olson vermoordde.

3 Doordat Mr Olson in zijn rug is gestoken terwijl hij rustig op zijn stoel zat.

4 Dat de moordenaar handschoenen droeg. Joseph kon geen handschoenen hebben gedragen, want zijn vingerafdrukken stonden op het koffiebekertje.

5 Doordat de moord niet het gevolg was van een vechtpartij en het horloge dus nog gewoon had moeten werken.

6 Haar vingerafdrukken hadden ook op het koffiebekertje moeten zitten omdat ze dat had aangeraakt toen ze het weggooide. Uit het feit dat haar vingerdrukken niet of het koffiebekertje zitten, blijkt dat zij degene is die de handschoenen droeg.
9 Key:

1 She was annoyed because / that nobody stopped the pickpocket.

2 The owner is thrilled because the police have returned the stolen items.

3 We weren't injured in the accident.

4 They haven't done their homework. That's why their teacher is angry with them.

5 Someone has vandalised our club house so they're starting an investigation.

6 I wasn't there when our house caught fire.
10 Key:

1 The detectives / police were disappointed because / that they didn't find any fingerprints / found no fingerprints ...

2 Her cat has run away / off.

3 That's why she is worried / concerned.

4 He became a writer / an author after 40 years as a police officer.

5 Last night there was an accident. / There was an accident last night.

6 ... nobody was injured in the fire.
11 This exercise has no key.
12A This exercise has no key.
12B This exercise has no key.
12C This exercise has no key.
13 Key:

1 Het waren criminelen.

2 Ze maakten deel uit van de bende die deze roof gepleegd had.

3 Ronnie Biggs in Brazilië en Buster Edwards in Mexico. Ze hielden zich daar schuil om uit handen te blijven van de Britse politie.


14 Key:

1 They / The robbers were wearing tracksuits and trainers.

2 Security personnel reacted incredibly quickly.

3 He looked so scared.

4 Those kids / They are very / really / incredibly / terribly clever.

5 He is very tall ... he has a beard.

6 She looks / seems quite angry.
15 Key:

1 You speak incredibly fast.

2 He looked (really) dangerous.

3 The shoplifter was wearing jeans.

4 He has beautiful black hair and blue eyes.

5 ... he seems very rude.



Example key:

6 I'm terribly clever.

7 I have long, dark-brown hair and brown eyes.
16 This exercise has no key.
17A This exercise has no key.
17B This exercise has no key.
Countries & Cultures
18 Key:

1066: Willem de Veroveraar verovert Engeland.

19: aantal torens dat rondom de White Tower staat. Alle torens tezamen vormen de Tower.

16th: in deze eeuw worden Anna Boleyn en Katherine Howard in de Tower opgesloten door hun echtgenoot Koning Hendrik VIII.

1483: twee jonge prinsen worden in de Tower vermoord.

50 gezinnen wonen en werken in de Tower.

15 feet is de dikte van de muren van de White Tower onderaan.

11 feet is de dikte van de muren van de White Tower bovenaan.

530 karaat weegt de Star of Africa diamand in de koninklijke scepter (= 106 gram).]



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