Stepping Stones 4 vmbo gt Uitwerkingen Vierde editie Noordhoff Uitgevers, Groningen auteurs eindredactie



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19 Key:

1 C


2 B

3 G


4 A

5 F


6 D

7 H


8 E
20 Key:

1 Een programma waarin kijkers gevraagd wordt mee te helpen misdadigers op te sporen.

2 In Nederland heet het Opsporing Verzocht.

3 Verschillende zaken worden er besproken: vermissingen, moorden, overvallen, enzovoort.


21 Key:

1 Er werd bij haar aangeklopt door een onbekende.

2 Dat Mrs Slater ergens anders moest gaan wonen.

3 Het motief voor zijn daad is onduidelijk.

4 Iemand ontving veel meer geld dan de bedoeling was.

5 Hij heeft helemaal niets meer van zich laten horen.

6 De politie heeft geen duidelijke omschrijving van de dader.
22 Key:

misdaad 1

soort misdaad: inbraak

getuige: overbuurman

slachtoffer

naam: Mrs Slater

leeftijd: 88

vermoedelijke dader

leeftijd: 17-20

lengte: 1,71-1,90 metres

kleding: donkere jas en broek, witte schoenen met oranje X


misdaad 2

soort misdaad: te veel geld gekregen bij pinnen en niet bij de bank teruggegeven



vermoedelijke dader

leeftijd: 15-20

lengte: 1,60

kleding: donkere jas met capuchon, rode sjaal


E
23 Key:

1 C


2 C

3 C


4 C
F
24 1 minimaal 18 jaar oud / staatsburger van het Verenigd Koninkrijk / opgenomen in het kiesregister (dus stemgerechtigd)

2 A


3 bang voor de grote verantwoordelijkheid / praktische problemen zoals reizen en werk of kinderoppas / emotionele bezwaren

4 op grond van alle gegeven bewijzen bepalen of een verdachte schuldig of niet schuldig is

5 Juryleden mogen de zaak niet bespreken buiten de rechtzaal en zij moeten de verdachte als onschuldig beschouwen totdat het tegendeel bewezen is.

6

A afnemen van de eed of een belofte



B openingsverklaringen van de advocaten (prosecution and defence)

C getuigenverklaringen (prosecution and defence)

D afsluitende verklaringen van de advocaten (prosecution and defence)

E overleg en uitspraak van de jury

F de rechter bepaalt de straf
25 1 around

2 to deal

3 rewarding

4 most important

5 to keep something from happening

6 sense of right and wrong


26 This exercise has no key.
G
27 1 op de sportschool

2 navraag gedaan bij de beheerder van de fietsenstalling; rondgekeken of hij de fiets ergens zag; poging gedaan om aangifte te doen bij de politie

3 geld sparen van zijn weekendbaantje en geld vragen voor zijn verjaardag voor een nieuwe fiets
28 1 G

2 C


3 E

4 F


5 B

6 A


7 D
29 Example key:

1 seems tense.

2 understand / know what she’s feeling right now.

3 You don’t have to worry / feel bad / panic. / Calm down.

4 I’m sure it / things / everything will be okay / work out / turn out fine.

5 seem down

6 (If I were in your shoes,) I wouldn’t know what to do.

7 the end of the world!

8 I understand / know what you’re feeling right now.

9 It / Things / Everything will turn out fine / be okay / work out.

10 That’s great!
30 Example key:

1 I understand that you’re miserable. But you don’t have to worry. It's not your fault. I’m sure everything will work out.

2 I know what you're feeling right now, but never mind. You don't have to panic.

3 I’m sorry to hear that you’re sad, you sound really miserable. But it's not as bad as it seems.

4 That's awful! I understand that your friend may be angry. But if I were you, I wouldn't feel bad.
31 Example key:

Hi Jim,


What a disaster! I know what you’re feeling right now. I lost my bike last year, remember? In your shoes I wouldn’t know what to do. I didn’t last year. My dad was so mad! But then granny helped me out. She let me mow her lawn and wash her car every Saturday. With the money I earned, I was able to buy a new bike after three months! So calm down. I’m sure everything will turn out fine. It’s not the end of the world and not as bad as it seems.

See you at school on Monday!


G
32 Key:

1 Ze kan niet stoppen met winkeldiefstal.

2 Hij/Zij voelt zich schuldig, omdat hij/zij niemand verteld heeft over de schade die hij/zij per ongeluk toebracht aan iemands auto.

3 Haar vader zit in de plaatselijke politiek: You see, I don't want word to get out about my shoplifting as my dad is a local politician.

4 Hij heeft een kras op de auto gemaakt: My belt left a nasty scratch on it ... / Were they able to do something about the scratch?
33 Key:

1 why don't you clean up this rubbish?

2 I think he ought to ask a specialist about this.

3 I wouldn't play truant

4 they'd better pay all their debts soon.

5 You should report the burglary to the police.

6 If I were you, I would apologize for running away like that.
34 Key:

1 She should /ought to tell Alice what happened at the (school) party.

2 If I were you, I would go to your GP.

3 You'd / You had better not handle this yourself.

4 you could report the con man to the police.
35 Example key:

In my opinion there's a lot that can be done about theft. Here are just a few of the things I think you could do yourself. For example, when you're visiting some tourist attraction, you should never pick just anybody from the street to take a picture of you and your friends. Why not ask a salesperson from the newspaper stand instead? It's just common sense. You all know most money gets stolen from people at ATMs at night, so you had better not use them after dark.


I think there are also things the local councils ought to do, as plenty of shopping areas have no place to put bikes with someone there to watch them. The councils should provide such places. And why don't local councils of seaside towns provide public beaches with lockers? If I were our local council, I would do something about theft of posters from bus shelters as well. At the end of an advertising campaign there are often many of such posters left. They could make it possible for people who want them to pick them up for free somewhere.
36 Example key in reply to problem A:
Dear anonymous girl,
I can imagine you're really worried about your problem. I think the reason you're stealing is a disease called kleptomania. That's why I think you ought to go to a specialist with this. If I were you, I would go to a psychologist as (s)he can't discuss your problem with anyone else. If you don't want to do that, then you should tell your best friend. You could go shopping together, so she can make sure you don't steal anything. You had better not go shopping alone from now on. And why don't you send a letter to the department stores you stole from. You could apologize anonymously and include the amount of money you stole. I really hope I have given you the solution to your problem. Good luck!
Example key in reply to problem B:
Dear Sk8ter,
I know you can't undo the accident, but there are several things you can do to make up for what you did afterwards. If I were you, I would tell your parents about the accident. They have insurance for this kind of thing, you know. Why not put a message in the neighbourhood paper for the owner of the car? In it you should apologize to him / her for not coming forward sooner and leave a number with which to contact you. If you don't want anyone to know about what happened then you ought to find another way to get all those thoughts out of your head. Why don't you start a diary to get rid of them? I personally think that taking responsibility is the right thing to do, though. I hope you will take my advice.
Grammar
1 Key:

1 has stolen

2 left

3 went


4 didn't you put

5 was


6 forgot

7 have lost

8 haven't lost

9 have just seen

10 forgot

11 parked

12 have learnt

13 have only had


2 Key:

1 has found/found

2 has taken/took

3 has received/received

4 felt

5 hasn't harmed



6 wrote

7 hasn't eaten

8 lived

9 was


10 has turned up
3 Key:

1 happily

2 strange

3 hard


4 curious

5 considerable

6 beautifully

7 fast


8 reasonably

9 surprising

10 easily
4 Key:

1 dangerous

2 exciting

3 illegally

4 unexpected

5 totally

6 necessary

7 effectively

8 extremely

9 medical

10 useful

11 ordinary

12 particularly
Test yourself
Checklist
Key:

1 I know what you're feeling right now.

2 The robber was wearing a mask and a wig.

3 I wasn't there at the time / that moment.

4 The police were disappointed that nobody could remember anything.

5 You should report yourself to the police.

6 The guy had an American accent.

7 Valuables have disappeared from our house.

8 He is really / very / terribly / incredibly dangerous.

9 You look tense

10 Last week, someone broke into our house.

11 If I were you, I wouldn't behave this way.


Grammar

Key:

1 drove


2 quickly

3 pursued

4 started

5 carefully

6 have never seen

7 was


8 opened

9 tried


10 had

11 has ever believed

12 incredibly

13 has happened


Vocabulary
Key:

1 grim – akelig, duister / gloomy – duister

2 fiction – fictie

3 offence – overtreding

4 eyebrow – wenkbrauw

5 appealing – aanlokkelijk

6 interrogate – ondervragen

7 rude – onbeleefd


Task
This exercise has no key.

Chapter three: Talents
1 This exercise has no key.
2 Key:

1 Elke twee jaar.

2 Ze wilde niet verder studeren maar meteen geld verdienen.

3 Niet denken maar doen, zoveel mogelijk te leren en elke kans aangrijpen.


3 Key:

1 true


2 false

3 true


4 true

5 false


6 false

7 false


8 true
4 Key:

1 a new job

2 delivering newspapers

3 an excellent

4 stop before

5 work shoes

6 in the breaks

7 old music

8 nothing
B
5 Example key:

Een blog met interviews over insprirerende tieners.


6 Example key:


naam

talent

prestatie

Justin Bieber

- zingen

- instrumenten bespelen



- 10 miljoen views op YouTube

- aandacht getrokken van Justin Timberlake en Usher

- platina single


Johnny Strange

bergbeklimmen

jongste persoon die de hoogste berg op ieder continent heeft beklommen

Elena Hight

snowboarden

eerste vrouw die de 'backside 900' heeft volbracht


7 Key:

1 Although he … and trumpet

regelnummer: 6 t/m 8

2 Er zijn meer dan 10 miljoen mensen die naar zijn filmpje op You Tube hebben gekeken.

3 Samantha Larson was eerder al de jongste bergbeklimmer die de zeven hoogste bergen heeft beklommen / Zij was eerder wereldrecordhoudster.

4 Als je wilt, kun je al je dromen waarmaken.

5 And to … any snow.

regelnummer: 36–37

6 Ja, ze is sinds kort prof.

regelnummer: 40-41


C
8 Key:

1 De eerste man hield een deel van zijn geld apart, kocht van de rest schapen en huurde een herder in. Na een jaar kon hij de wol van de schapen verkopen.

2 De tweede man hield een deel van het geld en kocht van de rest een stuk grond. Hij huurde boeren in om gewassen op de grond te verbouwen. Na een jaar kon hij de gewassen verkopen.

3 De derde man koos ervoor zijn geld te bewaren, hij gaf het niet uit maar begroef het in de grond.

4 Omdat de derde man niets met zijn geld (talenten) had gedaan. Hij zei: 'Wat heb je aan talenten wanneer je er niets mee doet?'
9 Key:

1 I'm good at playing the oboe, but I haven't done that for a long time.

2 I'm not very sportsmanlike.

3 I can't drive, but I need to, to get that job.

4 I couldn't deal with losing the game.

5 My father taught me to sing and I'm rather good at it.

6 I can speak English fluently.

7 I'm very social and I make friends easily.

8 It's always been my passion to tap dance but I'm not really skilled at it.

9 I really like playing video games.

10 I'd like to be an artist one day.
10 Key:

1 I can play the drums.

2 'm a very outgoing person and I enjoy company / 'm very social and I like meeting people.

3 Couldn't / Didn't speak English fluently.

4 'm very creative / 'm always interested in other people / like meeting people.

5 I can / could solve any puzzle.

6 I really like / I've always loved / It's always been my passion to snowboard and I'm rather good at it.

7 playing the oboe.

8 dislike mountain climbing.
11 Example key:

1 taught me to play the guitar – I'm not really good at it

2 a DJ? 'm always interested in other people.

3 very social – she's always interested in other people / makes friends very easily.

4 an author – really creative

5 can't drive – like to learn!


12 This exercise has no key.
13 This exercise has no key.
14 Key:

1 £ 1,100.00

2 in charge of customer service; offering IT support during incoming calls

3 No, she learned her skills on the job / on the job training.

4 9.30am

5 No, he doesn't. He earns 1.400 pounds gross, which means this amount is before taxes.


15 Key:

1 You'd be in charge of the sales department.

2 Do I need a driving license?

3 How much will I earn?

4 Yes, you need a helmet.

5 The job involves working in a team.

6 What will my task be?

7 Your wages will be £9.50 an hour.

8 What kind of person are you looking for?
16 Key:

1 You'd have to deal with complaints and answer questions.

2 You'd have to work weekend shifts.

3 You'd be in charge of the cash register and customer service.

4 Yes, you have to wear safety glasses.

5 What qualifications do I need?

You have to have / need a degree in interior decorating.
17 This exercise has no key.
Countries & Cultures
18 Key:

De volgende illustraties zijn gekoppeld aan de tekst: 1, 2, 5 en 6.


19 Key:

1 Wat de snelste jachtvogel was, de plevier of de korhoender.

2 Sir Hugh Beaver plus twee studenten.

3 De eerste edities bevatten alleen feiten, latere edities leggen meer de nadruk op het competitie-element en bijzondere prestaties of talenten.


D
20 Key:

1 Een eerste indruk kun je maar één keer maken.

2 neem een CV mee; bereid goede vragen voor; maak oog-contact; kleed je netjes; wees rustig, zelfverzekerd en professioneel; zet je mobiel uit

3 kauwgom kauwen; er verveeld uitzien, alsof je liever ergens anders zou zijn; je slonzig kleden; bellen; gymschoenen dragen.


21 Key:

1 B


2 C

3 A


4 C

5 B


6 B

7 B


8 A
22A Key:

Good with people; creative writing; kickboxing; film-making; cooking; good with mobile phones.


22B Key:

1 Example key: A job at a newspaper or magazine, because he's good at writing; A job on a TV food programme because he's good at cooking and film-making.

2 Example key: I think I would hire him, because he seems qualified for the job.
E
23 1 B

2 C


3 A

4 B
F


24 Example key:

Je kunt last krijgen van blessures. Ook zou de druk om te presteren te zwaar kunnen worden. Waarschijnlijk ben je zoveel tijd kwijt aan je sport dat je weinig ruimte overhoudt voor andere dingen.


25 Key:

1 C


2 D

3 A


4 G

5 E


6 F

7 B
26 Key:

1 Hij wordt niet langer gegijzeld door zijn talent.

2 Het was zelfs nog erger als hij NIET op het veld stond.

3 Zijn stemming hangt niet meer af van de uitslag van de wedstrijd.
27 Key:

1 B


2 De angst om te falen / De hoge druk die hij zichzelf oplegde.

3 C


4 B

5 Hij besloot zijn leven niet meer zo door de sport te laten bepalen.


G
28 Key:

1 Ja, het maakt niet uit wat je achtergrond is, zolang je maar vloeiend Engels spreekt, én een andere taal. Als je zowel Engels als Nederlands vloeiend spreekt, is dat dus voldoende.

2 lesgeven, zwemmen, zweminstructeur / badmeester

3 Een hands-on attitude betekent dat je snel, praktisch en adequaat kunt reageren in elke situatie. Ook ben je te allen tijde betrokken en op de hoogte.

4 leiding geven aan een klein team en webapplicaties ontwikkelen.
29 Key:

1 I saw your advertisement in the newspaper.

2 I would like to apply for the vacancy.

3 My curriculum vitae shows that I am fully qualified for the job.

4 I have the required diplomas and certificates.

5 At my last job, I was in charge of (managing) the service desk.

6 I have always dreamed of working in a salon.

7 Enclosed you will find my CV.

8 I look forward to your reply.
30 Key:

1 I saw your advertisement on your company's website.

2 I would like to apply for the vacancy.

3 I would like to apply for the position of translator.

4 I speak three foreign languages and a have the required certificates.

5 I speak French, German and Spanish fluently.

6 I studied abroad.

7 I have always dreamed of working as a translator.

8 As you can see, I am fully qualified for the job.

9 I look forward to their reply.

10 Of course, I am available for a personal interview.
- de juiste aanhef

- de bron van de vacature (internet, krant, tijdschrift)

- je achtergrond (opleiding, cursussen, ervaring)

- je motivatie (waarom spreekt deze baan jou aan?)

- de reden waarom juist jij geschikt zou zijn voor deze baan

- de juiste afsluiting


31 Example key:
Dear Sir, Madam,
I saw your advertisement on your company's website. I would like to apply for the position of receptionist at your hostel. I recently received my high school diploma. I have also taken several languages courses and speak Dutch, English and Spanish fluently. I have had a summer job at a campsite in my home town. I enjoy working with people from all over the world. Because of my educational background as well as my personal interests and experience, I think I am fully qualified for the job. Enclosed you will find my CV, which contains more details.

I look forward to your reply.


Yours sincerely,
Ellen Stoker
32 Key:

name and further personal information

education

diplomas and certificates

work experience

skills


interests and hobbies
33 Key:

across

2 vocational

4 licensed

6 further

7 skills
down

1 building

3 appliances

5 degree


6 female
34 Key:

name: Thomas MacDougal

sex: male

certificates and diplomas: degree in graphic design

education: Nottingham College of Arts and Design

work experience: apprenticeship at FreshGraph; working at local supermarket (stocking shelves, handling the register and the service desk)

skills: good with people, able to work in a team, service, creative

interests and hobbies: graphic design, painting murals, travelling


35 Example key:

name: Ellen Stoker


sex: female
certificates and diplomas: vocational degree in technical engineering
education: New Business School Groningen

work experience: Saturday job at Albert Heijn supermarket

holiday job at Zeezicht campsite
skills: working in a team

driving licence

typing
interests and hobbies: travelling

other people and their culture

playing the piano
Grammar
1 Key:

1 Which


2 Who

3 How


4 What

5 What


6 What … about?

7 What … about / of?

8 What … for?
2 Key:

1 Are you a civil engineer?

2 Do I / you work as a beautician?

3 Does Amy have a beautiful singing voice?

4 Is he a talented writer?

5 Does she work very hard to achieve her goal?

6 Has she got great drawing skills?

7 Do I / you love to play in our marching band?

8 Is Brad a superb hockey player?
Test yourself
Checklist
Key:

1 I read / saw you advertisement in the newspaper.

2 I am very interested in the vacancy.

3 I'd like to be a politician one day.

4 (I'm) very social

5 and I make friends easily.

6 I (can) speak English fluently

7 I took a course

8 What sort of work will I have to do

9 What are the working hours?

10 I look forward to your reply.
Grammar
1 Key:

1 Why are you applying for this job?

2 What skills do you have?

3 What are you specialised in?

4 Which job do you prefer: receptionist or secretary?

5 Where did you go to school, here or in the UK?


2 Key:

1 Has he worked here for seven years?

2 Does a manager have to have great people skills?

3 Has she got the right certificates for the job?

4 Is Malik the junior sales assistant?

5 Aren't we looking for someone with years of experience?


Vocabulary
Key:

1 Sales clerk

2 Qualifications

3 Vocational degree

4 Mastery

5 responsibility

6 outgoing

7 working hours

8 Wages

9 CV / curriculum vitae



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