Stepping Stones 4 vmbo gt Uitwerkingen Vierde editie Noordhoff Uitgevers, Groningen auteurs eindredactie



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Task
This exercise has no key.

Reading Matters A/B
A Professor Panini
A1 1 De ik-persoon heeft een machine ontwikkeld die de geest van twee willekeurige wezens kan verwisselen, zodat de geest van de ene naar het lichaam van de ander verhuist en omgekeerd.

2 Als de ik-persoon de machine tijdens het ontbijt wil testen op een kat en een eend, springt de kat in paniek tegen de machine op waardoor de machine verschuift en de ik-persoon wordt verwisseld met zijn automatische broodrooster.

3 Hij belandt uiteindelijk als broodrooster in de keuken van een restaurant / broodjeszaak. Daar komt hij zijn eigen lichaam - met de geest van de broodrooster - weer tegen.

4 Panini zijn kleine geroosterde broodjes. De ik-persoon stond op het punt professor te worden maar hij kan nu alleen nog broodjes roosteren.


A2 This exercise has no key.
B Homesick
B1 Key:

1 B


2 E

3 C


4 hoort er niet bij

5 A


6 D
B2 Key:

1 The butterflies flap in my belly / I'm feeling grumpy / Gee, homesickness is a bad feeling

2 C: … I was a winner …

3 D: It really is late, but I just couldn’t wait / The campfire just lit up the night

E: Too bad this will end / Please, tell me I’m coming next year for a full month instead
B3 This exercise has no key.
Chapter four: The world around you
1 Key:

1 People can help one another.

2 hopeful
2 Key:

1 naar Kaapstad, Zuid-Afrika voor twee maanden.

2 Example key: zomerse werkkleding; werklaarzen; comfortabele wandelschoenen; zeep; tandenborstel; zwembroek; waterfles; paspoort; enzovoort

3 Example key: meer dan $250; waardevolle spullen zoals een duur horloge, duur mobieltje, dure sieraden

4 Je mag je laptop meenemen, maar je moet er wel steeds goed op letten.
3 Key:

Je had de volgende nummers moeten aankruisen:

2 (Professor Ackerman)

4 (om de verspreiding van ziekte tegen te gaan)

7 (o.a. leeuwen, rhino's, giraffen, hippo's, olifanten)

8 (nee)
4 Key:

1 A

2 B


3 B

4 A


5 B

6 B


7 B

8 C
B


5 This exercise has no key.
6 Key:

1 Voltijds maatschappelijke stage voor 20,000 schoolverlaters tussen 16 en 19 jaar. 50 uur als vrijwilliger, training, werk bij bijvoorbeeld bejaardenhuis, fondsenwerving voor goede doelen, werving voor lokale activiteiten.

2 nu nog vrijwillige basis maar er wordt overwogen het verplicht te stellen. […] intended as a voluntary measure, but it is not entirely ruled out that it will in time become compulsory.

3 De burgerschapslessen zijn bestemd voor leerlingen van 14 – 16 jaar en bedoeld om begrip, verantwoordelijkheidsgevoel en toleratie bij jongeren te stimuleren, zodat jongeren geïnspireerd worden vrijwilligerswerk te gaan doen.

4 Van liefdadigheidsorganisaties en studentenorganisaties; zij denken dat de verplichting de essentie van het vrijwilligerswerk wegneemt. Ook vrezen ze dat de jongeren zullen worden uitgebuit.

5 Jongeren krijgen op deze wijze de gelegenheid (werk)ervaring op te doen. Daarnaast doen zij werk dat niet direct gerelateerd is aan cijfers of financieel gewin.


7 Example key:

1 It's up to you!

2 Plans for the future

3 Voluntary vs. compulsory

4 Citizenship classes today

5 For…


6 … and against

7 Unexpected opponents

8 Would it work?
8A Key:

Paragraph

Pros

Cons

5

exploring career options




5

becoming a better-informed citizen




5

working productively not for grades and without financial gain




6




Compulsory community service is incompatible with voluntary work.

7




teens being exploited / taken advantage of


8B This exercise has no key.
C
9 Example key:

1 Mensen die geïnteresseerd zijn in het milieu, de natuur of het ontmoeten van andere mensen en onbekende culturen.

2 kayakken, trekken, walvis- en gletsjercruises, programma om de cultuur van de inheemse bevolking van Alaska te leren kennen

3 vooraf trainen met trekken en goede conditie opbouwen

4 Green verwijst naar het ecologische aspect van de organisatie, Ed verwijst naar het educatieve aspect. Edventures dus is een samenvoeging van education (onderwijs), adventures (avonturen) en eco.
10 Key:

1 Is there a flight to Vancouver?

2 What time does the flight / it leave?

3 What time does it arrive / What's the arrival time?

4 Can I make the reservation for you?

5 I'd like to make a reservation for the early flight.

6 Can I have your name, please?

7 Do I need to confirm the flight?

8 Do I need to get travel insurance?
11 Example key:

1 Is there a flight to New Zealand?

How long does the flight take?

Do I need a visa for entry?

2 Will we go hiking in Scotland?

What's the weather like there?

Do I need to bring my passport?

3 What time does the train to Edinburgh leave?

What time does the train arrive?

Do I need to make a reservation?


12 This exercise has no key.
13 Example key:

> Do I need to get travel insurance?

> What language do they speak in Alaska?

> What's the weather like?

> What's the time difference?

> Do I need to bring my passport?

> Is the whale-boat cruise dangerous?

> Do I need to study to become a biologist first?

> Do I need to train?

> How do I know if my physical health is good enough?

> What should I say to the native Alaskans?
14 Key:

1 the dumbest

2 it's perfect

3 provide the money

4 be in trouble

5 encouraged

6 the best
15 Key:

1 Would you like to see the menu?

2 I can recommend the soup.

3 Can I have the soup, some toast and an omelet, please? / I'd like / I'll have the soup, some toast and an omelet.

4 Would you like (to order) something to drink? / Can I get you something to drink? / How about something to drink?

5 Yes, please. I'll have a coke. / I'd like to order a coke.

6 I can recommend the salad.

7 Can I have the Caesar salad and a diet coke, please?

8 Can I have the bill, please?

9 Can / Could I pay in cash, please?


16 Example key:

1 > Does the trifle come with whipped cream?



< Yes, it does.

2 > What can you recommend?



< I can recommend the Chili Cheese Fries.

3 > What kind of vegetarian dishes do you serve?



< I'm afraid we don't serve vegetarian dishes.

4 > What kind of soup do you serve?



< We have the Chef's Soup of the Day, which is a tomato soup today.
17 This exercise has no key.
Countries & Cultures
18 Example key:

1 It makes clear that the guest has enjoyed the meal.

2 Leaving just a bit of food on the plate shows the hostess that her servings have been ample enough. If you finish everything you leave the message that there wasn't enough food.

3 Taking off your shoes shows respect.

4 it can be considered disrespectful.
19A Example key:

Do shake hands when introduced. Don't keep your hands in your pockets when introduced to someone.

Do queue in a straight line when waiting.

Do use your left hand for your fork and your Don't eat with your hands.

right hand for your knife. Don't speak with your mouth full. Don't eat with your mouth open.
19B This exercise has no key.
D
20 Key:

1 Zij is 31 jaar oud; zij woont in Springfield (Ohio); zij is zakenvrouw; zij stelt zich verkiesbaar voor het senaat van Ohio (in district 39); zij heeft de politiek altijd interessant gevonden.

2 komende zaterdagochtend om 10 uur bij de gymzaal van Lincoln Hall middelbare school.
21 Key:

1 Carrie and Bree check their supplies.

2 Carrie explains to Bree what they are going to do.

3 Carrie tells Bree a funny story about her Mom.

4 The mall opens.

5 A lady with children asks Carrie and Bree where Toys 'R Us is.

6 Carrie and Bree talk to a man who doesn't like politics.

7 Carrie gives a man a rose for his wife.

8 Carrie and Bree get a free meal at a restaurant.
22 Key:

1 A


2 A

3 B


4 B

5 A


6 B

7 B


8 A
E
23 Key:

1 B


2 C

3 B


4 C

F
24 Key:

1 C


2 A: onjuist, B: juist, C: juist

3 C


4 A

5 …van hoe het Britse Engels en het Amerikaanse Engels uit elkaar zijn gegroeid.


25 Key:

across

4 crosswalk

5 diary

6 restroom



7 holiday

9 ground floor


down

1 colour


2 flavor

3 movie theater

4 crisps

8 candy
26 This exercise has no key.


G
27A Key:

Is India te rijk om nog ontwikkelingshulp te ontvangen, wanneer het land een economische groei van 9% doormaakt?


27B Key:

Tegen: India heeft een groot aantal multimillionaires, een ambitieus ruimtevaartprogramma en geeft veel uit aan defensie. Daarnaast heeft het land ook z'n eigen buitenlandse ontwikkelingshulpprogrammas.

Voor: Er zijn nog steeds 456 miljoen mensen die van minder dan een pond per dag moeten leven, tientallen miljoenen kinderen zijn ondervoed, honderdduizenden overlijden aan ziektes die te voorkomen zijn, miljoenen zijn analfabeet en acht miljoen kinderen gaan nooit naar school.

Het land is nog steeds heel erg arm en deze mensen zullen lijden onder het stopzetten van ontwikkelingshulp.


28 Key:

1 Could you tell me something about different cultures in Tanzania?

2 What languages do they speak in Morocco?

3 What kinds of food are popular in India?

4 Where is Tunisia?

5 In which part of the world is Egypt?

6 It is usually very humid in Indonesia.

7 The capital of France is Paris.

8 In this region many people speak English.

9 It is usually very sunny in my home country.

10 Yorkshire pudding is often eaten in the UK.
29 This exercise has no key.
30 This exercise has no key.
31 Example key:
Dear Verma,
Next year I would like to work as a volunteer at the Anganwadi children's centre. But I don't know very much about India and about the children's centre yet.

How many children are there in the centre, and how old are they? In which part of India is Bihar? What is the weather like? What is the capital of India?

In my home country it is usually very humid all year round. The capital of our country is Amsterdam. Many people speak English. Indian curry is very popular in my country.

I hope you can answer my questions,


Kind regards,
32 This exercise has no key.
33 Key:

1 tell her that the flights are fully booked.

2 Don't smoke inside!

3 Say hi / hello to her. / tell her I said hi!

4 Wish me luck!

5 ban MPV's!

6 Put the dog in the garage!

7 Stay out of mischief!

8 ask her if she needs anything.
34 Key:

1 Tell him that they're / vaccinations are optional.

2 Ask her if she needs anything.

3 Explain to them that it's an easy test.

4 Bring your swimming clothes / swimming gear / bathing suit.

5 Buy her a gift / present. / Don't forget to buy her a gift / present.

6 Bring it to the garage.
35 Example key:

1 Make the environment your top priority!

Preserve nature!

Make everyone spend more time outdoors! / Spend more time outdoors (, everyone)!

2 Knock out poverty for once and for all!

Don't let people go hungry!

Let everyone go to school!

3 Chill out!

Enjoy life!

Don't mope around, life is too short!


Grammar
1 Key:

1 they aren't.

2 she can.

3 he did.

4 you don't.

5 they won't.

6 they have.

7 you can.

8 I / we do.
2 1 Have a good trip!

2 Look out!

3 Sleep well!

4 Follow me!

5 Don't worry

6 Don't forget

7 Hurry up!

8 Be careful!

9 Make yourself at home!

10 Have some more!


Test yourself
Checklist
Key:

1 Tell them that their reservation is confirmed.

2 Could you give me some information about the weather in early August?

3 What is the weather like in China?

4 No, I'm sorry. You need to pay in advance.

5 I can recommend the home-made soup.

6 Does this salad come with dressing?

7 In this part of the world many people speak Spanish.

8 How about a starter?

9 What time does the flight from Brisbane arrive?

10 Ask your aunt if she's coming tomorrow.
Grammar
Key:

1 Yes, (of course) you can can.

2 No, it doesn't.

3 Yes, there is.

4 don't be late!

5 Don't leave them in the room!

6 enjoy yourselves!
Vocabulary
Key:

1 slum


2 confirm

3 lose your temper

4 persuade

5 contradictory

6 humid

7 lecture



8 malnourished

9 obligated

10 illiterate
Task
This exercise has no key.

Chapter five: The choice is yours
1 Example key:

1 The singer makes her own decisions in life.

2 This exercise has no key.
2 Key:

1 Het is een lange-afstands wandelroute in Schotland. Hij is 154 km lang en loopt van Milngavie (bij Glasgow) in het zuiden tot Fort William in de Hooglanden. Hij is erg populair. Het landschap is mooi en gevariëerd.

2 wildkamperen; een bothy; campeerterrein; jeugdherberg; bunkouses

3 This exercise has no key.


3 Key:

1 false


2 true

3 false


4 true

5 false


6 true

7 false


8 false
4 Key:

1 his idea of the perfect holiday/ lots of fun/ great

2 he didn't have enough money / he hadn't the money / he was too poor

3 would have walked alone

4 easier

5 walk with them / ask them if they wanted to walk with them

6 is a lot harder / is much more difficult.
B
5 Example key:

The photos suggest the text is about racial issues / segregation.


6 Key:

1 A


2 B

3 D


4 B
7 Key:

[1] Rosa Parks takes the bus home from work.

[2] Several white men can't find a seat on the bus.

[3] Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat.

[4] Rosa Parks is arrested.

[5] The black community organises a boycott.

[6] The Supreme Court overrules public transport segregation laws.
8 This exercise has no key.
9 Key:

1 probleem 1: Herbivore heeft er genoeg van zijn/haar vegetarische dieet steeds te moeten verdedigen.

probleem 2: Torn is bang dat haar vriendje haar zal bedriegen en vraagt zich af of ze het uit moet maken.

2 This exercise has no key.


10 Key:

1 What's bothering you?

2 I'm annoyed about his behaviour.

3 I feel rather proud of my results

4 I'm crying because my grandfather died yesterday.

5 I'm not feeling very well.


11 Key:

1 What's bothering you?

2 Why are you crying?

3 I'm fine, thanks you / thanks for asking.

4 You look / seem upset.

5 I'm rather sad, actually.

6 I'm disappointed in her behaviour.

7 I feel proud and happy about passing the test.

8 she felt anxious.

9 She was worried.

10 I'm annoyed, because you won't stop bugging me. / I was annoyed, because she wouldn’t stop bugging me.

11 I'm crying because she broke up with me.

12 I'm proud of your results.

13 the way you treated her

14 She's feeling sad as well, because you had a fight.
12 This exercise has no key.
13A Example key:

A DEAR ABBY: I have just moved to another city and so far, I haven't had any luck making new friends. I'm a pretty shy person, and I find it very difficult to approach someone for a chat. My classmates don't seem to be interested in taking on another friend in their group. Then again, maybe they are, but I wouldn't know, because I'm too scared to talk to them. What should I do? SHY IN SEATTLE


13B This exercise has no key.
14 Key:

1 Deze uitdrukking betekent (vrij vertaald) 'kiezen uit twee kwaden'.

2 Aron moest kiezen uit twee zaken die allebei niet erg prettig waren: vast blijven zitten onder de rots (en omkomen van de dorst), of zijn mes gebruiken om zich los te maken (en daarbij zijn arm verliezen).
15 Key:

1 What's your opinion on this topic?

2 Do you think Aron dealt with this situation in the right manner?

3 No, I disagree / don't agree.

4 I see your point, but I'm not convinced.

5 In my opinion, she made the right decision.

6 I think he made a bold choice.

7 I'd say he made a mistake

8 I don't approve of your behaviour.
16 Key:

1 Don't you agree?

2 No, I don't.

3 What's your opinion on this matter?

4 In my opinion, smoking / it's bad for your health.

5 you think the government made the right decision

6 I think they're right.

7 I don't approve of smoking.

8 I see your point, but I don't agree with you.

9 I'd say /In my opinion they made a bad decision.

10 Don't you think the government dealt with this situation in the right manner?

11 In my opinion

12 I know what you mean, but I see things differently.

13 Don't you agree?

14 I don't agree with the way the government dealt with this matter

15 Yes, I agree!


17 This exercise has no key.
18 This exercise has no key.
Countries & Cultures
19 Key:

1 He figured he could reach India that way, and even faster than following the existing route.

2 He wanted to trade, in other words: make money.

3 The native Americans were named 'Indians' because Columbus thought he had reached India. We now know he reached America instead. Therefore, the name the native Americans were given isn't correct.

4 No, the paragraph mentions that the Netherlands 'had many colonies overseas'. Nieuw was just one of them.
20 Key:

1 Because no one had ever tried that route. There were no maps, and no experienced sailors to guide him.

2 Harlem: Haarlem

Flushing: Vlissingen


21 This exercise has no key.
D
22 This exercise has no key.
23 Key:

1 B


2 A

3 B


4 B

5 A


6 A
24 Key:

1 wel: vak met ontbijtgranen bijvullen; goed opletten; dozen op de juiste plaats zetten

niet: praten onder het werk

2 het is te duur

3 twee

4 potjes groente uit het winkelwagentje van zijn moeder op de grond gesmeten



5 in gangpad zeven (tussen de papierwaren en de spullen voor de barbecue).

6 Hij vindt haar best cool en zij bakt lekkere koekjes.

7 Dan moeten ze op zijn broertje passen.

8 Ze moeten werken. Daar worden ze in elk geval voor betaald.


E
25 Key:

1 B


2 A

3 A


4 B
F
26 Example key:

1 Do you really make your own decisions?

2 The influence of music

3 The influence of scent

4 Control that impulse!

5 Craving crisps?


27 Key:

1 A


2 A

3 … terugkomt voor een verblijf in het hotel.

4 C

5 D


28 Key:

1 B


2 D

3 F


4 A

5 C


6 E

7 G
29 This exercise has no key.


30 Key:

1 Are you interested in maths?

2 Yes, I find other cultures fascinating.

3 No, I'm not interested in maths, because I think it's boring.

4 Do you think reading is relevant to / important for a successful future?
31 Key:

1a > Are you interested in animals?

1b < No, I'm not, I think they're filthy.

2a > Do you like visiting museums?

2b < Yes, I find museums fascinating.

3a > Do you think travelling is relevant to a successful future?

3b < In my opinion, travelling is very important, because it prepares you for unexpected situations.

4a > In my opinion, you should visit other cultures.

4b < I think I should make my own decision.
32 Example key:
Dear Tim,
How are you doing at the moment? I'd like to tell you something about a presentation we had at school last night. It was about what to do after this school. Oh, I think it's so difficult to choose. Can you help me decide what to do? I'm interested in maths, figures et cetera, but I also find culture and languages very interesting. I think all these things are relevant for a successful career.

Can you tell me something about your choices and what you think is important? I'm thinking of choosing a technical job and then maths is important of course. But becoming a travel agent also seems nice to me and then culture and languages are very important.

I know I will have to make my own decisions, but perhaps you can give me some good advice.

Well Tim, I hope to hear from you soon and I wish you lots of success in your final year!


Yours,
33 This exercise has no key.
34 Key:

1 E


2 A

3 B


4 C

5 D



1   2   3   4


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