The physiatrist’s attitude towards Shared Decision-Making a further analysis among physiatrists on the role of shared decision-making in rehabilitation healthcare



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2.4Analysis of Data


In order to gain insight in the current way of decision-making among physiatrists, their view on the applicability of shared decision-making and their current use of decision aids, survey data were analyzed descriptively using means, standard deviations and frequency distributions.

Spearman correlations were computed to see whether the physiatrists attitude towards the decision-making approaches and towards decision aids significantly correspond with characteristics of the physiatrist (i.e. gender, age and years in practice) or the work setting (i.e. clinical setting, amount of patients per week, duration of average consult and diagnose group). Correlations were also computed to see if these characteristics related to physiatrists’ level of information giving. A two-tailed p-values .05 was the threshold for significance.

The SPSS statistical software package version 16.0 was used for all statistical analyses.

3Results

3.1Response Rates


Of the 408 eligible physiatrists, 102 (25%) completed and returned the questionnaire.

3.2Respondents’ Characteristics and Background Variables


Table 1 displays characteristics of the physiatrists and their work setting for the physiatrists responding to the survey.

Table 1. Characteristics of the respondents and their work setting (N=102)



Characteristics

n (%)




Characteristics

n (%)

Gender




Amount of patients per week




Female

48 (47.1)




≤ 25

33 (34.7)

Male

54 (52.9)




26-50

46 (48.4)

Age (years)







51-75

13 (13.7)

31-40

40 (39.2)




>75

3 (3.2)

41-50

31 (30.4)




Duration of average consult (minutes)




>50

31 (30.4)




≤ 15

15 (16.5)

Years in practice







16-30

68 (74.7)

≤ 5

33 (32.4)




31-45

8 (8.8)

6-10

21 (20.6)




Clinical setting




11-15

14 (13.7)




Hospital

46 (52.9)

16-20

14 (13.7)




Rehabilitation centre

41 (47.1)

>20

20 (19.6)




Diagnose group a




Time for straight patient care (hours/week)







Cognitive impairment

26 (37.7)

No cognitive impairment

43 (62.3)

≤ 8

1 (1.0)










8-16

16 (15.8)










16-24

42 (41.6)










>24

42 (41.6)










Note. Percentages are based on valid cases only. a Respondents were asked to indicate with which of 10 diagnose groups they primarily work with. The answer options ‘CVA patients’ and ‘patients with traumatic brain injury’ were categorized as ‘diagnose group with cognitive impairment’, all other options as ‘diagnose group with no cognitive impairment’. When more than one box was ticked, it was considered a missing case.


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