Vocabulary list Crime Watch vwo



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Vocabulary list Crime Watch vwo
In this word list you will find many of the words you come across in this unit. They are put in order of assignment and in order of occurrence in the text. The 'Extra'-words are useful words related to the topic of the assignment. All these words can be asked in your vocabulary test.

1 Crime and punishment


to rank

This town ranks high among the English beauty spots, that’s why it attracts so many tourists.

de hoogste positie bekleden

to trespass

No trespassing upon my property.

wederrechtelijk betreden

to smuggle

He was very clever in smuggling watches across the Swiss border.

smokkelen

forgery

A great many of euro money bills are forgeries at the moment.

vervalsing

bigamy

In most western countries bigamy, being married to two people at the same time, is considered a crime.

bigamie

wife battering

Wife battering is met with in every social class.

het in elkaar slaan van vrouwen.

conspiracy

The conspiracy to overthrow the government did not succeed.

samenzwering

fraud

This hair-restorer is a fraud – I’m as bald as ever.

zwendel

to mug

Muggers often take advantage of older people by attacking them in dark streets.

aanvallen en beroven

shoplifting

Shoplifting is a real social problem nowadays, costing shopkeepers a deal of money.

winkeldiefstal

treason

To betray one’s country is a capital offence.

landverraad

corruption

In some countries many officials are corrupt and can be bribed.

omkoperij

bribery

He bribed the policeman to let him go free by handing over a large sum of money.

omkoperij

solitary confinement

Prisoners sentenced to solitary confinement often feel they are going mad because of the lack of human contact.

eenzame opsluiting

community service

The boys who had vandalised the telephone booth covering it in graffiti, were sentenced to ten hours community service and had to clean everything off.

taakstraf

corporal punishment

In some countries law breakers are given corporal punishment, for instance sixty lashes with a whip.

lijfstraf

suspended sentence

Because he had to look after his sick wife the judge gave him a suspended sentence, so that he did not have to go to jail.

voorwaardelijke straf

to revoke a driving licence

If you are caught in a drink-driving situation your driving licence can be revoked.

een rijbewijs intrekken

acquittal

The court decided to acquit the accused, as there did not seem to be any real evidence to prove that he was guilty.

vrijspraak


2 Law and order


to plead

Her Counsel pleaded insanity, so that his client would be seen as not responsible for her actions.

pleiten bij een rechtszaak

to prosecute

Trespassers will be prosecuted.

aanklagen

accomplice

Although the burglar was caught red-handed, his accomplice managed to escape.

handlanger

to assault

They made an assault on the enemy’s position.

aanvallen

alimony

After the famous film star divorced her husband, the judge ordered her to pay her former husband a large monthly alimony.

alimentatie

to consult

It is always a good idea to consult a lawyer if you have a legal problem.

raadplegen

barrister

The barrister pleaded so convincingly in his final summing up that his client was not guilty that the jury was convinced.

advocaat

solicitor

In England your solicitor prepares your defence so that the barrister has enough information to be able to plead your case in court.

rechtskundig adviseur


3 Crime galore


under oath

When a witness at a trial is under oath they have promised to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth.

onder ede

to declare

They declared the prisoner guilty of the crime.

verklaren

to evolve

This system has been developed gradually over the years and has now evolved into a new system for running the factory.

zich ontwikkelen

verdict

The verdict is the official decision made by the jury in a court of law and declared to the judge at the end of a trial: guilty or not guilty.

oordeel

juror

It is one’s civic duty to become a juror in a jury.

jurylid

electoral list

The electoral list, also called the electoral roll, is a list of people in a certain area who have the right to vote in an election.

kieslijst

resident

To be allowed to vote in an election you must actually live in a place and have acquired residential qualifications.

inwoner

ineligible

Because she was not e member of the club she was ineligible to be chosen on the committee.

niet verkiesbaar

subsistence allowance

Having to live on a subsistence allowance means that you have to be very careful how you spend the little money you receive.

tegemoetkoming in onderhoud

compensation

Did you get any compensation money when you were fired from your last job?

vergoeding

civic duty

It is your civic duty to keep the law.

burgerplicht

circumstances

I wanted to leave as soon as possible, but under the circumstances, my uncle having died rather suddenly, I decided to stay and help out.

omstandigheden

to give birth to

She gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl.

een kind krijgen

tomb

This tomb of an Egyptian pharao was only recently discovered by archeologists.

graftombe

artefacts

Artefacts dug up in an archeological dig can tell us a great deal about the way of life of our ancestors.

kunstvoorwerpen

to predict

Wouldn’t it be wonderful to be able to predict correctly which horse is going to win the Grand National?

voorspellen

to abandon

The order was given to abandon the sinking ship.

in de steek laten

to quit a job

At times like these it is better not to quit your job unless you are certain of a new one.

een baan opzeggen

to stamp

The office stamps all incoming post with the date.

stempelen

to generate

Our electricity comes from that new generating station.

produceren

claimant

As claimant to the throne he hoped to defeat his uncle’s army and be accepted as king.

eiser

legitimate

Public money should be used for legitimate purposes only.

wettig

pregnant

When the population was told that the queen was pregnant at last everyone rushed into the streets shouting and laughing and waving flags.

in verwachting zijn

conscience

I wouldn’t like to have that murder on my conscience.

geweten


4 Crime and passion


to strangle

The man was so angry at his wife that he grabbed her by the throat and strangled her.

wurgen

row

They were always having rows, throwing pots and pans at each other and screaming blue murder.

ruzie

to deny

He denied telling us that Linda was going to marry John, the lying so-and-so.

ontkennen

balding

Although quite young he was already balding, in fact almost completely bald.

kalend

manslaughter

Instead of for murder he was finally accused of manslaughter because of ameliorating circumstances.

doodslag

to diminish

His illness diminished his strength and he looked quite frail.

verminderen

impeccable

A person without any faults, with in fact an impeccable character, is of course very praiseworthy.

onberispelijk

chore

Each of the children had their chores to do to help their mother with the housework.

klusje

to deteriorate

Her deteriorating health caused all her friends a lot of sorrow.

verslechteren

craving

If you have a craving for sweets you need to brush your teeth often.

verlangen

pent-up

Because he kept his feelings pent-up inside himself, there was bound to be some kind of emotional explosion sooner or later.

opgekropt

trivial

Why do you get so angry about such unimportant, trivial things?

onbeduidend

snapping point

Under the pressure of all the extra work my nerves reached their snapping point.

breekpunt

mashed potatoes

You need a special kind of potato if you really want to achieve soft, smooth mashed potatoes.

aardappelpuree

to slam

He was so angry he slammed the cards on the table and left.

neersmijten

to flail

He flailed his legs in the water with such force that the water was quite churned up.

wild zwaaien

to grab

Holding the pistol to the cashier’s head the thief grabbed as much money as he could out of the till.

grijpen

glowing

She was given such a glowing description of the new maths teacher that she was dying to meet him herself.

gloedvol

lenient

The judge was merciful in his sentencing of the criminal and gave a lenient sentence.

mild

gory

The gory film showed so much violence and bloodshed that quite a few people left the cinema quite sickened.

bloederig

to snap

The storm was so violent that a number of trees snapped like matchsticks.

breken

probation

He was sentenced to three years' on probation under suspended sentenc e of one year's imprisonment.

voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling

severe

The new rules are so severe that many people will be horrified and ask for more lenient ones.

streng

to step in

At last the teacher stepped in and made the boys stop fighting.

zich ermee bemoeien

catering student

The catering students were asked to help at the important dinner to be given in the town hall.

student aan een hotelschool

lorry

You need a special driving licence to drive a lorry, they’re so big and often dangerous in narrow village streets.

vrachtauto

drink-driving

Drivers caught driving when drunk should be punished more severely.

rijden onder invloed

conviction

This is her third conviction in five years, which means she could have got a life sentence if she had been living in America.

veroordeling

frequently

I have told you frequently, in fact again and again, to stop smoking.

vaak

threshold

In English speaking countries the bridegroom is supposed when entering his new house with his bride, to carry her over the threshold of the front door.

drempel

inevitable

The fight between the supporters of the two football teams was inevitable once they got outside the football stadium.

onvermijdelijk

insupportable

Your rude behaviour in class has become insupportable, so please do stop.

onverdraaglijk

to refer

Please don’t refer to that poor boy as a nitwit, he’s just a bit slow, that’s all.

verwijzen

to justify

The prime Minister justified the action of the Government: there was no other solution.

verantwoorden

faith

I have absolute faith in my doctor and do exactly as he tells me to.

vertrouwen


5 Daily crime


to grieve

She is still grieving for the death of her child in that car accident.

rouwen

arson

Because he needed a great deal of money he decided to commit arson, burning down his factory and getting the insurance money.

brandstichting

to compel

He was compelled to hand over his gun to the FBI undercover agent.

(af)dwingen

a secure hospital

The criminal who had been badly wounded when arrested was taken to a secure hospital.

een beveiligd/gesloten ziekenhuis voor gevaarlijke misdadigers

to target

My remarks were not targeted at you but at everyone in general.

gericht zijn op

to include

The price included service tax, so that is not so expensive at it seemed at first.

erbij inbegrepen

agriculture

The Minister of Agriculture warned farmers that in order to prevent the spread of foot-and-mouth disease many heads of cattle would have to be killed.

landbouw

cowardly

I think it is very cowardly of you to not owing up when you broke the window.

laf

to negotiate

The Trade Union is negotiating for better working conditions for female factory workers.

onderhandelen

a plastic baton

When the rioters started throwing stones at the police, they used plastic batons to shoot at the crowd, hurting some, but at least not killing people.

een kogel van plastic

to threaten

When the strikers refused to go back to work the owner of the factory threatened to dismiss them all.

bedreigen

unanimously

As there was no one who voted against him the new chairman was chosen unanimously.

unaniem

on all counts

The judge found the accused guilty of all the charges against him and told him he would receive a proper sentence on all counts.

alle onderdelen van de tenlastelegging

mandatory

It is mandatory to repay a debt within a certain period of time.

Verplicht

to be indicted

The rioters were indicted on a charge of riot.

aangeklaagd worden

to lure

The journalist was lured to a secret meeting with the promise that he would be given all the inside information for his newspaper.

Lokken

to abduct

The wife of the billionaire was abducted by a group of criminals who threatened to kill her if he did not pay a large sum of ransom money.

Ontvoeren

to suppress

Our teacher had to suppress a smile when John made that funny but rather rude remark.

Onderdrukken

waste ground

The lot of waste ground on the corner of our street where a house was burned down some time ago is an ideal adventure playground for the children living here.

braakliggend land

in breach of

A breach of the peace means that people have been fighting unlawfully in the streets.

schending

bail

Bail is a sum of money demanded by a law court, paid by or for a person accused of wrongdoing, as a security that he will appear for his trial, until which time he is allowed to go free.

borgtocht

to restrain

If you cannot restrain your dog and prevent him biting the postman, you had better lock him up.

intomen

a vice girl

Once the poor girl had become addicted to drugs the gang sent her out into the street as a vice girl.

een prostituee

to vanish

After having killed the president the murderer vanished without a trace.

verdwijnen

to concede

The ruling party conceded defeat as soon as the election results were known.

toegeven

coincidence

What a coincidence meeting you like this in the middle of Picadilly Circus!

toeval

to hurl

The rebels hurled stones at the police and then ran away as fast as they could.

smijten

blast

Many people were killed by the blast of the bomb.

ontploffing

machete

To hack your way through the jungle a machete is the best type of knife.

hakmes




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