Vocabulary list Outbound vwo



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Vocabulary list Outbound vwo
In this word list you will find many of the words you come across in this unit. They are put in order of assignment and in sequence of their place in the text. These words may be part of your vocabulary test.


1

Holiday jargon




destination

Australia is a popular holiday destination among young students.


bestemming

departure

You can find all departure times on a big screen in the main hall.

vertrek

arrival

The arrival hall is usually filled with people waiting for their relatives and friends to arrive.

aankomst

deviation

There were many deviations because most North-European airports were closed because of heavy snowstorms.

omleiding

delay

Airport security often causes delays.

vertraging

cancellation

Passengers with a delay or cancellation are requested to come to the information desk.

afgelasting

unleaded / lead-free

Nowadays most cars run on unleaded fuel.

loodvrij

bonnet (BE) or hood (AE)

Something was wrong; a cloud of steam escaped from under the bonnet of my car.

motorkap

boot (BE) or trunk (AE)

The boot of my car is quite big; it easily stores three big suitcases.

kofferbak

flat tire

I had to walk to school because my bike had a flat tire.

platte bank

coach (BE) or touring bus (AE)

Only buses, so no coaches, are allowed to travel on this bus lane.

bus, touringcar

bus

It is only five minutes by bus to the city centre.

bus (openbaar vervoer)

token

Tokens for the coffee machine are available at the reception.

munt (betaalmiddel in bus of metro)

to embark

Passengers with cars are requested to embark first.

aan boord gaan, instappen

to disembark

Foot passengers are requested to disembark first.

van boord gaan, uitstappen

slow or local train

The local train stopped at every small village and it took ages to reach our final destination.

boemeltrein

platform

Your train leaves from platform five.

perron

dormitory

The dormitory of the youth hostel contained forty beds.

slaapzaal

berth

You can choose between a cabin with two or with four berths.

hut, couchette, slaapplaats










2

Who are you on holiday?




cautious

She is a very cautious driver.

voorzichtig, behoedzaam

easy-going

He is a relaxed easy-going fellow.

makkelijk, laconiek

headstrong

He does things in his own way; he’s rather headstrong.

koppig, eigenzinnig

outgoing

She is an outgoing, warm person.

vriendelijk, gezellig, vlot

taciturn

He’s a taciturn man, and hardly answers when asked a question.


zwijgzaam, gesloten

thrifty

She was a thrifty housewife and took care of


zuinig, spaarzaam

stern

Mary is her own sternest critic.


streng, grimmig

amusement arcade

One evening we went to the amusement arcade and spent quite some money on the slot machines.

automatenhal

to boast

Cliff is always boasting about how rich he is.


opscheppen, pochen

to rip off

You paid far too much; you have been ripped off.


afzetten










3

Around the world in 80 clicks




resort

Brighton is a famous English holiday resort.

vakantieoord

to mill

In former days most grain was milled in local mills.

malen, bewerken

avant-garde

At the time of their first exhibition the Impressionist painters were considered very avant-garde.

gedurfd, zijn tijd vooruit

legacy

My aunt left me a nice legacy, which enabled me to buy a new car.

erfenis, nalatenschap

to deserve

After all that hard work I really deserve a holiday.

verdienen, recht hebben op

to access

I could not access my email because of a technical failure of my Internet system.

toegang krijgen tot

tip

The official statistics on youth criminality are only the tip of the iceberg; the real figure is probably much higher.

puntje

mound

The burial mound was covered with grass.

heuvel

defensive wall

Hadrian’s Wall was built across the North of England as a defensive wall by the Roman emperor Hadrian.

verdedigingsmuur

in a statement of defiance

The architecture of the fortress can be read as a statement of defiance.

hier: als een onneembare veste

devastating

A devastating storm has destroyed many holiday homes along the coast.

verwoestend, verschrikkelijk

dignity

She walked through the crowd with the dignity of a queen.

waardigheid

grid

The city centre has an attractive grid of small medieval streets.

rooster; netwerk

alley

The thief tried to escape but got trapped a blind alley.

steegje

remainder

We paid fifty pounds deposit and the remainder on delivery.

overblijfsel

arguably

Terrorism is arguably the most serious problem of our time.

betwistbaar; aantoonbaar

to merit

These experiments are interesting enough to merit closer examination.

verdienen, het waard zijn

chunk

They fed the lions big chunks of meat.

brok, stuk

to pulsate

The Champs Elysées is the pulsating heart of Paris.

kloppen

wasteland

Time and neglect changed the once prosperous land into wasteland.


onbewoonbaar gebied

a hollow gap

There is a hollow gap between the two sides.

een gapend gat

a divided city

Ethnic strife ruined the country and the capital became a divided city.

een verdeelde stad

to flourish

The country had a flourishing black market economy.

floreren, bloeien

to abandon

The crew had to abandon their sinking ship.

verlaten

remains

His remains were returned to his homeland and given a proper burial.

overblijfselen










4

A portrait of Australia




climate zone

The earth is divided into five climate zones, the torrid zone, two temperate zones and two frigid zones.

klimaatzone

the temperate zone

The Netherlands is situated in the temperate zone.

gematigde luchtstreek

tributary

The main tributaries of the Rhine are the rivers Ruhr, Main, Moselle and Neckar.

zijrivier

to encompass

The festival encompasses music, theatre, ballet and poetry.

omvatten

lush

They roamed through the lush green valley of Northern Wales.

weelderig, rijkelijk begroeid

spine

The sound of footsteps coming closer sent shivers down her spine.

ruggengraat

bark

He carved her name and a heart into the bark of a tree.

schors, bast

aridity

The aridity of a country is determined by the average amount of rain a country gets.

dorheid

bout

After a bout of malaria he needed almost six weeks to completely recover.

periode

to evolve

Darwin believed that we evolved from apes.

ontwikkelen

bat

A bat is a small flying animal that looks like a mouse.

vleermuis

rodent

Rats, mice, rabbits, and squirrels are rodents.

knaagdier

extinction

The World Wildlife Fund tries to save endangered species from extinction.

het uitsterven

inaccessible

The roads were inaccessible because of heavy snowfall.

ontoegankelijk

tangible

There is no tangible evidence yet that the economy is recovering.

tasbaar

inhospitable

They were certainly not inhospitable; they offered the tired traveller a meal and a bed.

onvriendelijk

impenetrable

Before the Prince could kiss Sleeping Beauty, he had to cut his way through the impenetrable thorn-hedge round the castle.

ondoordringbaar

maze

The centre of the medieval town consists of a maze of narrow winding streets.

doolhof

predominantly

Public opinion seems to be predominantly in favour of a chosen burgomaster.

hoofdzakelijk, grotendeels










5

Amtraking in the West




fairly-priced

Usually fairly-priced articles sell better than the very cheap or very expensive ones.

redelijk geprijsd

a whole host of

There is a whole host of reasons why he should not be re-elected.

een hele massa

to embark upon

The government embarked upon a major programme of reform.

hier: beginnen met

a stumble

He addressed the wrong person and made a bit of a stumble.

blunder, flater

to squat

She squatted down and kissed the child.

hurken

a tad

I would like just a tad more sugar.

een beetje

to refrain from

Passengers are kindly requested to refrain from smoking during the trip

afhouden van

hassle

The examinations caused a lot of hassle.

problemen, gedoe

adeptness

His adeptness at avoiding traffic jams made him a popular driver.

behendigheid

the penny has dropped

It took some time before she understood what he wanted from her, but then the penny finally dropped.

het kwartje is gevallen; ik snap het

subway

The subway is her favourite means of transport.

ondergrondse, metro

tracks

A good spy knows how to cover his tracks.

spoor

by hook or by crook

We will go there by hook or by crook.

hoe dan ook

relief

It is quite a relief that the exams are over.

opluchting

comfy (short for comfortable) sojourn

They bought a nice comfy sofa.

Unfortunately, my sojourn in the luxurious hotel was rather short.



prettig

verblijf, oponthoud



subsequently

The burglar was arrested and subsequently sentenced to two years’ imprisonment.

vervolgens, daarna

gorgeous

The prince kissed his gorgeous princess and they lived happily ever after.

schitterend, betoverend

fertile

Politics are fertile ground for satire.

vruchtbaar

dense

The soldiers had to cut a path through a dense forest.

dichtbegroeid

to seal

The two leaders sealed their agreement with a handshake.

bezegelen

the wee hours

She waited for her husband until the wee hours.

de kleine uurtjes

dawn

The party ended at the break of dawn.

ochtendgloren, zonsopgang

trek

we made an eight-hour trek through the mountain yesterday.

etappe

defunct

They bought all the tools and machinery they needed from a defunct factory.

niet meer bestaand, verdwenen, in onbruik geraakt

sedate

The famous pop singer lived in a sedate little village in the country.

bezadigd, kalm, bedaard, sereen

distraction

Soccer is probably Holland’s most popular distraction.

afleiding, vermaak, ontspanning

mundane

Mundane matters such as eating and drinking do not interest him in the least.

gewoon, platvloers, aards

chore

Every child had to do a few household chores.

karwei

to mend

My shoes need mending. I should take them to the shoemaker.

repareren

to discard

Discarded plastic bottles and wrappings littered the countryside.

zich ontdoen van, weggooien, afdanken

to accumulate

Bill Gates has accumulated a fortune because he succeeded in selling his computer software worldwide

zich opstapelen; verzamelen



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