Vocabulary lists parts 1-7 (up to p. 66) Introductory note

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VOCABULARY LISTS Parts 1-7 (up to p. 66)
Introductory note:

  • The vocabulary lists in the first seven parts (p.1-66) of the course do not contain explanations and or translations. That is why I reviewed the lists and added them, but I also indicated what you have to study in BOLD.

  • For the vocabulary lists after p. 66, the words you have to study are already bold. Some of them have been explained, for others an explanation has been given in class.

  • Of course, you also need to study the vocabulary exercises that go with specific texts and the separate vocabulary exercises.

No lists
p.6: Reading & discussion
Text 1: 15-year-old can't get up in the morning

a fit

een woedebui

high school

middelbaar (V.S.)



To take a nose dive

Een duikvlucht nemen



To displace

To replace




In toenemende mate, meer en meer

To drop out

Stop going to school (zijn school niet afmaken)

To be preoccupied

thinking or worrying about something too much (in gedachten verzonken)

To incur (debts)

to experience something, usually something unpleasant, as a result of actions you have taken ((schulden) oplopen)

A sophomore

a student studying in the second year of a course at a US college or high school (= a school for students aged 15 to 18)


An intravenous (een infuus)



A Senior

(US ) a student in their final year of high school or university

To monitor

to watch and check a situation carefully for a period of time in order to


= typical of (inherent, nauw verbonden)


Nervous and excited

To trigger

causes (teweegbrengen, veroorzaken)

To crave

Verlangen naar

To be sold

To be convinced

To take off

become successful or popular

To radiate (the voice of the author)

To show

Pitched at

Aimed at

To outgross

surpass in profits (meer winst maken)

To ennoble

to make something or someone better so that people admire it or them more (He has this theory that suffering can ennoble a person's character.) (verheffen, verbeteren)


short and heavy (geblokt)


used to emphasize how very great, important or powerful a quality or feeling is (sheer nonsense! = klinkklare onzin!)


the forward movement of something, or an improvement or development in something (vooruitgang)



To woo someone

to try to persuade someone to support you or to use your business

The party has been trying to woo the voters with promises of electoral reform.

The airline has been offering discounted tickets to woo passengers away from their competitors. (trachten overhalen, aansporen)

p.11: Translation “PCs change our brain.”
Feel strongly about: hoog oplopen met iets

A thesis/proposition: een stelling

A substance: een stof (vb. dopamine)

A sense of well-being: een gevoel van welbehagen

Awareness / conciousness: bewustzijn
p.12: 45% Employers use Facebook-Twitter to screen job candidates


present or noticeable in every part of a thing or place

The influence of Freud is pervasive in her books.

a pervasive smell of diesel

Reforms are being undermined by the all-pervasive corruption in the country. (algemeen verspreid, alomtegenwoordig)

to screen

to check (“screenen”)

to hire

to employ someone or pay them to do a particular job ("aannemen”)


to ignore (“negeren”)

to be mindful of sth.

to think of sth. (“denken aan, niet vergeten”)

to bad-mouthe

to talk disapprovingly of sth/so (“afkeurend spreken over”)


people looking for a job

to caution

to warn (“waarschuwen”)

to dismiss <> to hire

to fire (“ontslaan”)

to leverage

to use different kinds of social media

leverage = “een hefboom”

fit (noun):

mood (“bui”)


certain or safe; of a good standard; giving confidence or support (This provided solid evidence that he committed the crime. ) (“stevig”)


involving or having experience in a wide range of ideas or activities (“veelzijdig”)


praise and approval (“lofbetuiging, eerbetoon”)


a type of product made by a particular company (“merk”)

to convey

to express a thought, feeling or idea so that it is understood by other people (“overbrengen”)

to underscore = to highlight

emphasize (“benadrukken”)


a strong complaint

Her main gripe is that she's not being trained properly.

(“klachten, kritiek”)

accomplishment (< to accomplish)

things a person has achieved (“prestaties, verwezenlijkingen”)

to monitor

to check (“opvolgen, controleren”)

to designate

to state officially that a place or thing has a particular character or purpose

This area of the park has been specially designated for children.


to conduct a survey

to organize and perform a research

p. 15 : Next Step after Twitter and Facebook: New Social Network Lets You Carve Your Own Niche on the Web

to compete –> a competitor (n.) / competitive(adj.)

to try to be more successful than someone or something else (“concurreren”)

a chunk

a large part (“een brok”)


an area or position which is exactly suitable for a small group of the same type (“niche, stek, plekje”) e.g. He found his niche

the rationale

the reasons or intentions for a particular set of thoughts or actions (“grondgedachte, beweegreden”)

to stem from

to start or develop as the result of something (Her problems stem from her childhood.)

the advent

the arrival of an event, invention or person

Life in Britain was transformed by the advent of the steam engine.

(“de komst”)

to a large degree

for a large part (“grotendeels”)


having little value/importance (“trivial”)

a wiki

a website which allows users to add, delete (= get rid of) and edit (= change) the contents, or the program that makes this possible

p.16 Twitter and Facebook could harm moral values, scientists warn

to allow


to be indifferent to

not interested in (“onverschillig voor”)

to harm

to hurt/damage (“beschadigen”)

to reflect

to think thoroughly

to respond to (here)

to react (“reageren”)

to fail (+ to+inf.)

not being able to (“er niet in slagen om…”)


extreme unhappiness caused by physical or mental suffering (“smart, lijden”)

news bulletin

news item

news snippets

news fragment (“nieuwsfragment”)


able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced or attacked (“kwetsbaar”)


good moral quality in a person, or the general quality of goodness in people (“deugd”)

to raise (questions)

to cause to exist (“oproepen”)

rely on sth

-reliance -reliable

depend on or trust in something or someone

to shape

to form,build

to set in

When something unpleasant sets in, it begins and seems likely to continue in a serious way (“zijn intrede doen”)


to put (things or people) next to each other, esp. in order to compare them (naast elkaar plaatsen)

juxtaposition = “nevenschikking”


existing as a natural or basic part of something (“inherent,eigen aan”)

a yardstick

fact or standard by which you can judge the success or value of something

Productivity is not the only yardstick of success.


p.19: 'Ill' worker fired over Facebook

to claim

to say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it (“beweren”)

to prompt

to cause, make sth happen

an assertion

a statement that you strongly believe is true (“bewering”)


not intentionally (“onbedoeld, onoplettend, onachtzaam”)

p.21: Reinventing the web


a person who has succeeded in business or industry and has become very rich and powerful (magnaat)

a brain-fart

Something ill-considered and said or done impulsively.

at great length

in detail


the income that a government or company receives regularly (inkomen, inkomsten, baten, opbrengst)

to snigger

to laugh at someone or something in a silly and often unkind way (giechelen, gniffelen)

a bet

an amount of money which you risk on the result of an event or a competition, such as a horse race (weddenschap)

a wave

een golf

to coin

to invent a new word or expression, or to use one in a particular way for the first time (verzinnen, uitvinden)


an official title or name (benaming)


  • see further

to establish

(here : ) to cause to be accepted in or familiar with a place, position, etc (vestigen)

an upstart

a start-up enterprise (pas beginnend succesvol bedrijf)

to astonish > astonishing

to surprise someone very much (verbazen)

to acquire > acquisition

something such as a building, another company, or a piece of land that is bought by a company, or the act of buying it (aanwinst; verwerving)


involving two or more people working together for a special purpose

to gather

collect several things, often from different places or people (verzamelen)

a flaw

a fault, mistake or weakness, especially one that happens while something is being planned or made, or which causes something not to be perfect (gebrek, zwakke plek)


someone who criticizes something or someone, often unfairly (iemand die kleineert, vernedert)


clear or obvious without needing any proof (scherpomlijnd, duidelijk, uitgesproken)

to tag

to provide comment on e.g. a profile photo


= id est (d.w.z., dit wil zeggen)

to be keen (+ to + inf.) / (on + noun)

very interested, eager or wanting (to do) something very much (enthousiast, gebrand)

a clearing house

a central organization which collects and sends out information for other people or organizations (distributiecentrum)

to rival

to be as good, clever, beautiful, etc. as someone or something else (wedijveren met)

to add up to sth.

bijdragen aan


having a lot of money or owning a lot of things; rich (rijk, welvarend)

to diminish

to reduce or be reduced in size or importance (verminderen)

an opportunity

een kans

to make a living

de kost verdienen

profound (adj.) > profoundly (adv.)

felt or experienced very strongly or in an extreme way (diepgaand; extreem)

grim (adj.)

worrying, without hope (akelig, luguber)

the vast majority

de overgrote meerderheid

to enable

to make someone able to do something, or to make something possible (in staat stellen; mogelijk maken)

a glimpse

vluchtige blik, vage indruk

p. 26: Translation exercise
Proposition: voorstel (in het algemeen)  proposal: voorstel, i.h.b. huwelijksaanzoek

In Financial terms : op financieel vlak/gebied

Distinction: onderscheid

To convey a message: een boodschap overbrengen

Increasingly: steeds (These sites are becoming increasingly popular.)

To discourage/dissuade someone from doing sth: iemand iets afraden

The vast majority: overgrote meerderheid

p. 34: Ku Klux Klan

a bonfire


a chapter

here: a division of the KKK

a clansman (pl.: clansmen)

a member of a Scottish clan

a cleansing ceremony


a compound

an area surrounded by fences or walls which contains a group of buildings (omheinde groep gebouwen / huizen)

a fair

een kermis

a handshake

Een handdruk

a mainstream audience

Een doorsnee publiek

a militia

a military force which only operates for some of the time and whose members often have other jobs

A UN force was sent in to stop fighting between three rival militias. (militieleger, burgerleger)

a noose


a pact

Een verdrag

a pastor

a leader of a Christian group or church, especially one which is Protestant (predikant, dominee)

a rally (-ies) – to hold a rally

a public meeting of a large group of people, especially supporters of a particular opinion

5000 people held an anti-nuclear rally. (een bijeenkomst)

a relic

an object, tradition or system from the past which continues to exist

During the dig, the archeological team found some relics from the Stone Age. (relikwie)

a robe

a long, loose piece of clothing worn especially on very formal occasions : Judges wear black robes when they are in court.

(gewaad, toga)

a shroud (of secrecy)

a situation which prevents something from being known or understood : The truth about the accident remains hidden beneath a shroud of secrecy. (in een sluier van geheimzinnigheid gehuld, dekmantel)

a storage unit

een loods

a swastika

a symbol in the form of a cross with each of its arms bent at a 90° (degree) angle half way along, used in the 20th century as the symbol of the Nazi party (hakenkruis)

a verdict

Een uitspraak

an acre

4046,86 m²

an agenda

1a list of matters to be discussed at a meeting

There were several important items on the agenda.

2a list of aims or possible future achievements

Women's rights have been put back on the agenda (= are being discussed publicly again) .

an allegation

een beschuldiging

an approach

Een benadering

an attempt

Een poging

by any means

met alle middelen


a feeling of friendliness towards people that you work or share an experience with When you've been climbing alone for hours, there's a tremendous sense of camaraderie when you meet another climber. (kameraadschap)

combat fatigues (always plural!)

specialized a loose brownish green uniform worn by soldiers

army fatigues (werktenue)




Referring to the Confederacy



fiery (=>The Fiery Cross)

bright red, like fire a fiery sky/sunset

have one’s head screwed on

Gezond verstand hebben




the most successful or popular period of someone or something

In their heyday, they sold as many records as all the other groups in the country put together. (hoogtepunt, toppunt, fleur)













no trespassing

to go onto someone's land or enter their building without permission

I hope this is a public footpath and we're not trespassing on someone's land. (op verboden terrain komen)



of … decent

van … afkomst

oppression > oppressive



splendid, colourful and very expensive ceremonies

She loved the pageantry and tradition of the Royal Family. (praalvertoon, uiterlijk vertoon)


a new increase of activity or interest in a particular subject or idea which had been forgotten for some time The creation of independent states has led to a resurgence of nationalism.

resurgence in demand/popularity/interest (heropleving)


separated (afgezonderd)





solid evidence

Hard bewijsmateriaal

supremacy > supremacist

racist, chauvinist

the assassination

the murder

to abduct so.


to accuse so. of sth.

Iemand beschuldigen

to add to sth

Bijdragen aan

to assemble

to come together

to avenge

to take revenge

to be at odds with

in onenigheid leven met

to be cautious of sth

Oppassen voor

to be on patrol

Op patrouille zijn

to be opposed to sth.

Ergens tegen zijn

to be suspicious of so/sth

Wantrouwig zijn tegenover iets/iemand

to be under siege

siege = beleg

to blend into (society)

to mix into society

to call on (an issue)

aanspreken, een beroep doen op

to carry forward (a tradition)

Een traditie verderzetten

to cloak (one’s identity)

to hide (a cloak = een mantel) (verhullen, vermommen, verbergen)

to commit violence

Geweld plegen

to confess


to convict so of sth

Iemand veroordelen

to cover > a cover

Als dekmantel gebruiken

to cross a boundary

Een grens overschrijden

to decimate

to kill a large number of something, or to reduce something severely: Populations of endangered animals have been decimated. (dunnen, uitdunnen;op grote schaal afslachten)

to defeat > a defeat


to demand


to drop/decline

Afnemen , verminderen

to establish


to expand


to exploit fears

angsten uitbuiten

to file a civil lawsuit against so.

een process aanspannen tegen

to flow on the tongue

easy to say

to fuel

Something that fuels a feeling or a type of behaviour increases or strengthens it

The rapid promotion of the director's son has itself fuelled resentment within the company.

(here: fuelled by anger/fear / fuelled the myth that ..)

to incite

to encourage someone to do or feel something unpleasant or violent

She incited racial hatred by distributing anti-Semitic leaflets.

[ + to infinitive ] She was expelled for inciting her classmates to rebel against their teachers.

They denied inciting the crowd to violence. (aanzetten, aansporen tot)

to join forces

Krachten bundelen

to lure so. in


to lynch


to mask

to hide (verbergen)

to morph into (a violent militia)

to change into

to plead guilty

Schuldig pleiten

to preside over an event

Een gebeurtenis voorzitten

to reawaken


to release


to resist > resistance


to restore

Herstellen (staat)

to revel in sth

to dance, drink, sing, etc. at a party or in public, especially in a noisy way (erg genieten van, genoegen scheppen in…)

to revere

to very much respect and admire someone or something Nelson Mandela is revered for his brave fight against apartheid. (vereren)

to salute


to see an opportunity (to…)

Een kans zien (om …)

to sentence so. (to death)

Iemand (ter dood) veroordelen

to separate > separation


to serve a term (in a legislature)

een ambtstermijn zetelen in het parlement

to split > a split


to stall

to delay taking action or avoid giving an answer in order to have more time to make a decision or get an advantage

She says she'll give me the money next week but I think she's just stalling ( for time ). (vastzitten)

to strike back against so.

Terugslaan tegen iemand

to suspect so./sth.

Iemand verdenken

to tap a phone

Een telefoon afluisteren

to uphold

to defend or keep a principle or law, or to state that a decision which has already been made, especially a legal one, is correct

As a police officer you are expected to uphold the law whether you agree with it or not.

Judge Davis upheld the county court's decision.

to wage a war

to fight a war or organize a series of activities in order to achieve something

Surely the President needs Congress' permission to wage war on another country? (oorlog voeren)





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